Hypogena cryptica, Grey & Smith, 2020

Grey, Luna & Smith, Aaron D., 2020, A matrix-based revision of the genus Hypogena Dejean, 1834 (Coleoptera Tenebrionidae), Zootaxa 4780 (2), pp. 201-258 : 230-233

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4780.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:58239905-4D02-4813-A32A-A9C27E8254ED

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3854443

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D7281453-FF8A-FFE9-DFB3-FBAF9926F82C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hypogena cryptica
status

sp. nov.

Hypogena cryptica sp. nov.

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 21 View FIGURE 21 , 22)

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:73FFCE8E-60F7-48E9-ADF8-8A89CEA814BA

Type Material: HOLOTYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Norte / 9 mi NNW Rosarito / X-5-1983 / D. Faulkner & / F. Andrews ”; (b) “Under leaves on / stalk of dead / Agave shawii ”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21889”; (d) “ HOLOTYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA). Designated here. PARA- TYPES (5 males, 8 female) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Sur, Santa Inez Dam/ 8 mi. NE Todos Santos / X-10-83/ F. G. Andrews k”; (b) “Under bark of dead Bursura microphylla ”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (d) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 21594-21603, 21782, 21798, 21803. ( CSCA) . PARATYPES (6 males, 1 female) labeled: (a) “ Todos Santos ,/ L. Cal. VII-15-38”; (b) ”Michelbacher&/Ross Collectors”; (c) “tricornis/ Determined by/ FEBlaisdell”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (e) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 20772-20774, 20782-20785 ( CSCA) . PARATYPES (4 males) labeled: (a) “ Todos Santos ,/ L. Cal. VII-15-38”; (b) ”Michelbacher&/Ross Collectors”; (c) “tricornis/ Determined by/ FEBlaisdell”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (e) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 21793-21796. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “Santiago,/ L. Cal. VII-8-38”; (b) “Michelbacher&,/ Ross Collectors”; (c) “tricornis/ Determined by/ FEBlaisdell”; (d) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 20786”; (e) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020” ( CSCA) . PARATYPES (4 males, 4 females) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Calif. Sur. 3.6 mi NE Cabo San Lucas./ IX-29-1981 / F. Andrews & D.Faulkner ”; (b) “Collected under bark of standing dead “Torote” Bursera microphylla ”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (c) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 21783- 21789, 21891. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Calif. Sur. 3.6 mi NE Cabo San Lucas./ IX-29-1981 / F. Andrews & D.Faulkner ”; (b) “Collected under bark of standing dead “Torote” Bursera microphylla ”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (d) Tenebrionid Base number: 21797;. ( RLAC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “AZ: Pima Co. / Tucson / July 25, 2007 / Eric Eaton coll.”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21810”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( DMNS) . PARATYPES (3 male) labeled: (a) “AZ: Pima Co. / Tucson / July 27, 2007 / Eric Eaton coll.”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (b) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 21790-21792. ( DMNS) . PARATYPES (4 males, 1 female) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Norte / 7.7 mi NNW Rosarito / X-4-1983 / D. Faulkner & / F. An- drews”; (b) “Under leaves on / stalk of dead / Agave shawii ”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”; (d) Tenebrionid Base numbers: 21799-21802, 21890. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ MEX: Baja Norte / 9 mi NNW Rosarito / X-5-1983 / D. Faulkner & / F. Andrews ”; (b) “Under leaves on / stalk of dead / Agave shawii ”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21809”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “Mex.:Baja Calif. Sur/ 1.5 mi. east of San / Jorge. 24.VII.1971 / H.G Real & R.E.Main / In decaying Cardón”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21804”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ Mexico: Baja California / Sur. Ramal naranjos rd./ 2.9 mi W Highway 1,650’/ IX-1-1990 F. Andrews / T. Eichlin & A. Gilbert ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21805”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ 5 mi S./ Miraflores,/ L Cal. VII-10-38”; (b) “Michelbacher &/ Ross Collectors”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21806”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ 5 mi. W San Bartolo / L. Cal. VII-13-1938 ”; (b) “Michelbacher & Ross Coll.”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21807”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ MEXICO: S. L. P.,/ 12 mi S Cu. Mante / VI-21-1975 ”; (b) “under bark/ DS Chandler”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21808”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( UCDC) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ Colossal Cave / Park. Arizona/ 8.4.1970 ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21811”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( NMNH) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “Needles Cal./ XI-27-21/ J.A Kusche / Collector”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21812”; (c) “PARA- TYPE/ Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( NHMB) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ GUATEMALA:/ Nueva Concepcion/ 50’. VIII-17-63/ D.Q. Cavagnaro / & M.E. Irwin / collectors”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21813”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ARIZ: Pima Co. / Avra Valley #1/ Mar. 29, 1972 JCS”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21814”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “FtGrant/ 14.7 Ar”; (b) “CollHubbard/ &Schwarz” (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21815”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( NMNH) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “FtYuma/ 9.4 Ar”; (b) “CollHubbard/ &Schwarz”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21816”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( NMNH) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ San Bernardino Co. / Needles Cal./ X-14-61”; (b) “ A. Hardy Coll. ”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21817”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ MEX: B.Calif. / 4.5 mi.NE.of/ Los Planes / 21-XII-1958 ”; (b) “ H.B.Leech / Collector”; (c) “Ex dead/ Bursera sp.”; (d) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21818”; (e) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ Venedio / Sinaloa Mex./ VI-10-1918 ”; (b) “Van Dyke/ Collection; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21819”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “CALIF: Imperial CO. / Algodones Dunes, 7miSE/ Glamis 32°,55’,20”N/ 114°, 59’, 14”W Site 4/ V-1to15-1979” (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21820”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “El Zapotal, 2 mi. S./ Tux.Gutierrez, Chias/ MEX. VII-12-57”; (b) “ J.A Chemsak / B.J Rannells / Collectors”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21821”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( EMEC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “ 8 mi E Concordia / Sin. Mex./ VIII-23-69/ J.Doyen ”; (b) “ Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21822”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CASC). PARA- TYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ Indio / Riverside Co. / Cal VIII-6-1963 ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21823”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA). PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) MEX: S. L. Potosi / Tamazunchale, 18/ mi. SW. VIII-2-53”; (b) “ J. Doyen / Collector”; (c) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21824”; (d) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( EMEC). PARA- TYPE (male) labeled: (a) ” Mexico: Baja/ California Sur/ 16 km N. Tropic of / Cancer, Near/ Santiago/ 9 November 1981 / W. E. Steiner ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21825”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( NMNH) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ Lago Catemaco Vera / Cruz MEXICO / VIII-20-1965 / A.R.Gillogly ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21826”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypo- gena/ cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( RLAC) . PARATYPE (female) labeled: (a) “Blythe Cal./ X-8-1945 ”; (b) “InQuar from/ Providence RI”; (c) “Collected from/ soil”; (d) “Cal.Dept.Agr./ No. BL45J19”; (e) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21827”; (f) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ Arizona , St. Catalina / Mts., Molino Basin / Oct. 13 1974 / K. Stephan leg.”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21828”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( FSCA) . PARATYPE (male) labeled: (a) “ MEX. San Felipe / Baja Calif / III-26-1963 / G.I. Stage ”; (b) “Tenebrionid Base / Aaron D. Smith / Catalog # 21892”; (c) “ PARATYPE / Hypogena / cryptica / Grey & Smith, 2020”. ( CSCA). (See Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 ) .

Diagnosis: This species is similar in size and shape to H. brasilica . The horns are also similar to H. brasilica by having a short clypeal horn and long supraorbital horns that point inward toward each other. The hypomeron and prosternum not having long, gold/yellow setae distinguish this species from H. brasilica . The mesepisternum is also not scalloped as in H. brasilica . Finally, in this species the coarse punctures are not primarily concentrated on the lateral portions of the pronotum, rather they are spread out across the pronotum ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 ).

Description: Male. Size: 8—11 mm; 3—4 mm.

Head. Distance between cardo and eye less than width of cardo (34:1). Clypeal horn short, conical (4:1; 5:0); twice as wide, at base, as one supraorbital horn (7:2); produced forward (8:0); finely punctate (9:1). Supraorbital horns long, thin and slightly bent inwards (11:1; 12:1); produced perpendicular to head (13:1); not bent anteriorly (14:0); finely punctate (15:1). Antennae not forming club (17:0). Antennae with stellate sensoria (22:0). Third antennomere equal in size to fourth and more than 1.5 times size of second (18:0; 19:2). Vertex and frons with punctures smaller than eye facets (26:1; 28:1). Gena not extending laterally past eye (36:0). Clypeus is pointed in middle (29:2). Mentum trapezoidal and densely setose (40:0; 41:1). Groove on mandible present and continuing to connection point on cranium (44:1). Labrum fully setose (39:1).

Thorax. Pronotum punctures biordinal in size (54:1). Coarse punctures numerous and spread evenly across pronotum (57:2). From lateral view, pronotum not arched (58:0); disc flat (60:1). Anterior edge of pronotum reaching middle of eye, but not past eye (63:1). Lateral margins of pronotum subparallel (61:1). Margins of pronotum expanded wider than diameter of one coarse puncture (62:2). Hypomeron laterally rugulose (75:2). Mesepisternum punctate; punctures smaller than eye facets and separated by one or less than one diameter (71:1). Mesepisternum not pubescent (73:0). Prosternum punctate and not pubescent (66:0); punctures smaller than eye facets (67:1), puncturing separated by less than one diameter (68:1). Prosternal process not continuing past posterior edge of pronotum (69:0). Elytra striae present and punctate (46:1); punctures shallow (47:1); separated by less than one diameter (48:0). Elytral interstices convex (49:1); punctures equal to or smaller than one fourth size of strial punctures (50:1); punctures separated by more than one diameter (51:1).

Abdomen. All abdominal segments densely punctate; first three visible abdominal segments coarsely punctate (89:0; 90:0; 91:0); fourth and fifth visible abdominal segments finely punctate; punctures separated by less than one diameter. Abdominal sternites not setose (94:0). Legs. Tarsi pubescent. Cuticular outgrowths present on proximal two tarsomeres (86:1). Tibiae with two apical spurs (85:1). On lateral edge of protibia, seven or more socketed spines present on distal third (81:1; 82:0). All tibiae and femurs setose along entire length.

Female. Similar to male, except as follows: Cuticle on intraocular space narrowly raised near eye (23:1). Intraocular space impinging on eye (24:1). Puncturing on vertex as large as or larger than eye facets (25:2). Clypeus with punctures smaller than eye facets and spread evenly across clypeus (31:1; 32:2). Anterior edge of clypeus flat but corners are rounded (30:1). Clypeus tumid (33:1).

Distribution ( Fig. 22): Mexico (Baja California, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur), USA (Arizona, California), Guatemala.

Etymology: The specific epithet cryptica is a reference to the similarity that this species bears to H. brasilica . It is feminine.

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

DMNS

Denver Museum of Nature and Science

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Tenebrionidae

Genus

Hypogena