Pseudoplatystoma orinocoense , Uriel Angel Buitrago-Suárez & Brooks M. Burr, 2007

Uriel Angel Buitrago-Suárez & Brooks M. Burr, 2007, Taxonomy of the catfish genus Pseudoplatystoma Bleeker (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) with recognition of eight species., Zootaxa 1512, pp. 1-38: 18-21

publication ID

z01512p001

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A7987452-69A5-4C79-B0F2-29B889EA3E1B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B691F325-A76C-C4B0-C0AA-BA4FC21E715F

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Pseudoplatystoma orinocoense
status

n. sp.

Pseudoplatystoma orinocoense  n. sp.

(Figure 19, Table 4)

Geographic distribution: Orinoco River basin, Venezuela (Fig. 17).

Holotype: INHS 35880, 489.7 mm SL., near mouth of El Caujavito River, tributary of Orinoco River, southest of Cajarote , 7º41" N, 66º21W, state of Guarico, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 12 January 1995.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: AMNH 96663, (1), 59 nautical miles from buoy, small cano emptying into cano Curiapo , 8º36'24"N, 61º00'00"W, Orinoco River , territorio federal delta Amacuro, Venezuela, Eastward et al., 19 November 1979.GoogleMaps  AMNH 96662, (1), very small primary cano on isla Guacujana south shore , 8º36'N, 60º56'W, territorio federal delta Amacuro, Orinoco basin , Venezuela, Eastward et al., 19 November 1979.GoogleMaps  ANSP 166790, (1), El Almacen L. Maldonado , 8º6'N, 63º45'50"W, Orinoco River , state of Bolivar, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 18 April 1988.GoogleMaps  USNM 233830, (2), small cano on W side of cano Paloma , 8º29'N, 61º25W, Orinoco River , territorio federal delta Amacuro, Venezuela, J. Lundberg, 21 February 1978.GoogleMaps 

Material examined: ANSP 166466, (1), lago Merecure , 8º12'55"N, 63º17'25", Orinoco River, city of Bolivar , state of Bolivar, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 13 April 1988.GoogleMaps  ANSP 162391, (2), Orinoco River, at El Burro , 6º12N, 67º26'W, state of Amazonas, Venezuela, B. Chernoff et al., 16 November, 1985.GoogleMaps  ANSP 166790, (1), lagoon El Maldonado, Site El Almacen , 8º6'N, 63º45'50"W, Orinoco River , state of Bolivar, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 26 April, 1988.GoogleMaps  AMNH 77819, (1), cano Caicara, at bridge on road from Mantecal , 7º22'N, 69º21W, Orinoco River , state of Apure, Venezuela, San Fernando fish station technicians, 24 January 1983.GoogleMaps  INHS 29298, (1), lagoon Curita , 8º9'30"N, 63º35'55", Orinoco River , state of Anzoategui, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 28 May 1987.GoogleMaps  INHS 61938, (1), San Bartolo River at Bartolena ranch, Guarico River , 7º59'20"N, 66º39'W, Orinoco River , state of Guarico, Venezuela, D. C. Taphorn et al., 24 January 1986.GoogleMaps  INHS 34505, (1), San Bartolo River, Natural Park Aguaro, Guariquito River , 8º4'14"N, 66º40'50"W, Orinoco River , state of Guarico, Venezuela, D. C. Taphorn et al., 8 January 1995.GoogleMaps  INHS 62069, (1 ds), Guariquito River , 7º54'40"N, 66º33'40"W, Orinoco River , state of Guarico, Venezuela, D. C. Taphorn et al., 24 January 1986.GoogleMaps  INHS 29853, (1 ds), Apure River, Orinoco River, 2 km N of La Ve , 7º33'95"N, 69º15'48"W, state of Apure, Venezuela, L. M. Page et al., 23 January 1993.GoogleMaps  MCNG 33258, (1), laguna El Potrero (Las Majadas) , 7º36'40"N, 64º49'50"W, Orinoco River , state of Bolivar, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 15 January 1987.GoogleMaps  MCNG 1629, (1 ds), hato El Frio, Apure River , 7º45'S, 67º55'0"W, Orinoco River , state of Apure, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 10 February 1979.GoogleMaps  MCNG 36049, (1 ds), Sipao River, 6 km up stream from mouth, Orinoco River , district of Sucre, state of Bolivar, Venezuela, D. Rodriguez, 23 March 1997.  MCNG 38851, (1 ds), Payara River front of mouth of Manglar River, Orinoco River , district of Penalver, state of Apure, Venezuela, D. Arana et al., 12 December 1997.  UF 80868, (1), laguna Chiriguare, Orinoco River , state of Portuguesa, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 3 April 1984.  UF 78077, (1), 2 km N of San Fernando de Apure, between km markers 305 & 306 , state of Guarico, Orinoco River , Venezuela, Taphorn et al., 22 March 1981.  UF 80651, (1), Guasimito River, tributary Guanare River, SE of Arismendi at Chalana site 8º20'55"N, 68º2'20"W, Orinoco River , state of Barinas, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 6 April 1984.GoogleMaps  UMMZ 211346, (2), tidal stream, 49 nautic miles , 8º38'N, 60º50'W, Orinoco River , Venezuela, J. Baskin and D. Stewart, 20 November 1979.GoogleMaps  USNM 258157, (1), Apure River, side channel along dike opposite to municipal slaughter house , 7º35' 0N, 67º29'0", state of Apure, Orinoco River , Venezuela, technicians of Apure fisheries, 25 January 1983.GoogleMaps  USNM 260211, (1), cano W to highway from Calabozo San Fernando, about 35 km south of fundo Masaguaral ( cano Falcon) , 8º14'0"N, 67º35' 0W, Orinoco River , state of Guarico, Venezuela, R. P. Vari et al., 20 January 1983.GoogleMaps  USNM 258152, (1), same as 260211.GoogleMaps  USNM 258155, (2), small cano of Apure River , 7º53'0"N, 67º29'0"W, Orinoco River , state of Apure, Venezuela, technicians at Apure Fisheries, 21 January 1983.GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis: A species of Pseudoplatystoma  ZBK  distinguished by a combination of the following features: well defined straight vertical bars along side of body, longer than those of P. fasciatum  and P. punctifer  ; bars connecting to, or extending to, the dorsal region and continuing onto other side of body; vertical bars of anterior region straight and extending below dorsolateral dusky area; usually no spots below lateral line, some individuals with two or three spots; 39-41 vertebrae.

Description: Maximum recorded length 489.7 mm TL. Body moderately stout, profile of head an acute triangle or pointed toward lips, almost flat anteriorly. Head margins somewhat parallel when viewed dorsally. Mouth rounded with mesethmoid, premaxilla, and lower jaw covered interiorly by thick skin. Viewed dorsally, body widest measurement at pectoral fins, and tapers gradually toward caudal peduncle. Dorsal margin from dorsal fin to adipose fin straight, dorsal margin posterior to adipose fin straight. Ventral margin from mouth to origin of anal fin straight. Posterior surface of head with thin skin leaving almost exposed grooves and roughness on the posterior region of cranium. Median fontanel short and covered by rough and thick skin. Anterior nostrils tubular and whitish, posterior ones with a whitish triangular flap.

Eyes in dorsolateral position, ovoid and located at middle length of head. Maxillary barbels long, reaching origin of pelvic fins, their color blackish dorsally and yellowish ventrally. Chin barbels short in adults, not reaching beyond pectoral fin origin, longer in juveniles (<250 mm), extending beyond tip of pectoral spine. Opercle with pale flap on its margin.

Head and rest of body dark dorsal and laterally. Dark pigmentation reaching lateral line. Some individuals pale others yellow ventrally. Vertical bars distributed along side of body. Number of bars greater than in congeners from Guyana ( P. fasciatum  ) (about 10 bars) and Amazon ( P. punctifer  ) (about 11 bars) and varying between 10 to 14 with an average of 12. Last bar on caudal fin often boomerang-like. Generally, dark bars accompanied by whitish bars. Few individuals with one or two dark loops on posterior region of head. Dorsal fin with few spots on spine and rays. Adipose fin with few spots decreasing in size toward the margin. Pectoral and pelvic fins dark dorsally, pale ventrally. A comparison with other species is presented in Table 9. Color and pattern of adults are shown in Fig. 20.

Etymology: The specific epithet orinocoense refers to the Orinoco River, Venezuela, the drainage in which this species is endemic.