Chenopodium vulvaria, L.

I. C. Hedge, H. Akhani, H. Fritag, G. Kothe-Heinrich, D. Podlech, S. Rilke & P. Uotila, 1997, Chenopodium vulvaria, Flora Iranica, Graz, Austria: Academische Druck u. Verlagsanstalt, pp. 42-43: 42-43

publication ID

3-201-00728-5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5BFEB55C-F8A1-85B1-77A8-6462ED81785C

treatment provided by

Quentin

scientific name

Chenopodium vulvaria
status

 

11. C vulvaria L.  , Spec. Plant.: 220 (1753).

Type: "Habitat in Europae cultis oleraceis”, LINN 313/18!; lectotype selected by JAFRI & RATEEB, Fl. Libya 58: 15 (1978).

Low, grey-farinose annual, smelling of decaying fish, especially when rubbed between finger and thumb; main stem to 30 cm, erect to procumbent, without red colour, usually divaricately much-branched, lowermost internodes short and lower branches often subopposite, to 70 cm long, ascending to prostrate. Leaf lamina grey-farinose especially beneath, greener above, rarely reddish, longer than or equal to petiole, 0,5— 3 cm long, broadly trullate or broadly ovate to ovate, margins entire, in large leaves sometimes with a fairly acute angle on each margin at broadest point, base truncate to short attenuate, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescence small, terminal and axillary, composed of loose, short thyrses, glomerules small. Flowers perfect or lateral ones often female. Perianth segments 5, with rounded back. Stamens 5 or 0. Stigmas 2, short. Fruits falling with perianth. Pericarp somewhat adherent. Seeds horizontal, brownish black, 0,9-1,2 mm in diameter, round in outline, margin obtuse , roundish; testa almost smooth except for weak radial striae.

Hab.: Gardens, yards, roadsides, fields, steppes, open forests; 530— 2800 m. — Fl. V—IX, fr. V-X.

Talish: ” Revarut ”, 1615 m, ALEXEENKO! 

Persia: N: Gorg.: Gorgan , SHAR. 506!, 586!  6 km N At Temar on road to Hottan , HEWER 3746! Moh. Reza Shah Prot.  Reg.: Ad cascades E Tang-e Gol , substr. calc., 750 m, RECH. 5266!  Tang-e Gol , 540 m, UOTILA 19034!  Maz.: 48 km of Shahi , 1220 m, FURSE 2933!  60 km NNW Tehran 5 km N of tunnel , 2400 m, SODER 120!  5 km from Veresk to Firuzkuli , 1400-1450 m, MATIN & TERME 41709-E!  Gilan: Gilan , LINDS. 1090! - W:  Azerb.: Tabriz , GILL.-SM. 1313 p.p.!  Slopes above Goja Bel Pass 20 km W Ahar , JARDINE 603!  Kuhha-ye Sabalan, in decl. borealibus "Radar Road" , 2650 m, LAMOND 4732!  8: TBRME in RBCH. 44112!  Shotur-su , 1600 m, TERMB 30350-E!  Dasht-e Moghan: 14 km SE Alirezaabad-e Jadid , 50-90 m, LAMOND 3169!  Khamseh: Kuli-i Qeydar , 2200-2650 m, TERME & MOUSSAVI 40087 -E!  Esf.: Esfahan , HAUSSKN  .! 30 km S Esfahan versus Shahreza, SAHEBI 2017!  Lur.: Dow Rud , 1520 m, KOELZ 15704!  - S: Fars.: Shiraz , STAPF 812!  Eqlid , SHARAFBI-I 40286-E!  Mian Jangal , SOJAK 5165!  Kerm.: Kuh-e Jupar , 2100 m, BORNM. 4159!  Kuh-e jebal Barez near Deh Bakri , 1700-2700 m, SOIAK 4115!  Kerman , 1700 m, RBCH. 2959!  - E: Khor.: 35 km E Shirvan , 1100 m, UOTILA 19076!  In montibus inter Bojnurd et Tappeh-ye Moraveh , RECH. 1932!  Helali inter Gonabad et Behestan , 1250 m, RECH. 51480!  In collibus ad Torbat-e Heydariyeh , 1300 m, RECH. 4332!  Tayyebat , 840 m, UOTILA 16275!, 18952!  Sarbislieh , MANUCH. 30126-E!  -C: Tehr.: Mahmudiyeh 15 km N Tehran , 1250 m, AELLEN 233!, 234!  Hableh Rud Valley near Sinin Dasht , 1150 m, AELLEN & MANUCH. 232!  Qazv.: Karaj , 1330 m, ABLLEN 231!, GAUBA 1127!, 2097!  Kamalabad near Karaj , MAZAHBRI 40287-El, RBC!  -1.! Damgh.- Semn.: Sarlash S Kuh-i Nizva , 2350 m, AELLEN & BBHB  . 240! 45-52 km from Shahmirzad to Fulad Mahalleh, 2200- 2300 m, RENZ & IRANSHAHR 16787! Shahr .-  Bust.: Turan Prot. Reg.: Baghestan , 1250 m, BRECKLE & BHADRESA 5148! Qaleh Bala , 1120 m, RECH. 50382!  in decl. australibus M. Shahvar supra Nokarman, RECH. 7547!  Khush Yailaq, Gardaneh-ye Olang , 1950-2000 m, TERME & MOUSSAVI 39358! 

Turcomania : Ashkhabad , SINT. 641! 

Pakistan: Quetta: Sariab Road near Quetta, GHAFOOR & RIZWAN 1010!  Quetta, S.I. ALI 1237!, STEW. 27990!, PAUKASH 16462!  Quetta, Chaman Phatak , GHAFOOR 1402!  Chiltan at. Park near Kooli Hazzargangi , RIZWAN 1569! 

Distr. gen.: The Mediterranean area, C and E Europe, SW and C Asia; introduced in S Africa, N America and Australia.

Very variable in leaf size; the nasty smell of trimethylamine persists even in several decades old herbarium material by slightly moistening the plant before rubbing between finger and thumb.

LINN

LINN

JAFRI

JAFRI