Nezara viridula ( Linnaeus, 1758 ), Linnaeus, 1758

Ferrari, Augusto, Schwertner, Cristiano Feldens & Grazia, Jocelia, 2010, Review, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Nezara Amyot & Serville (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), Zootaxa 2424, pp. 1-41: 16-17

publication ID

http://doi.org/ doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2424.1.1

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scientific name

Nezara viridula ( Linnaeus, 1758 )
status

 

Nezara viridula ( Linnaeus, 1758)  

( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A View FIGURE 1 , 3 B View FIGURE 3 , 4 A, 4 B View FIGURE 4 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 7A View FIGURE 7 , 8 A View FIGURE 8 , 9 A View FIGURE 9 , 10 C –D View FIGURE 10 , 12 C –E View FIGURE 12 , 16 A View FIGURE 16 , 17 A View FIGURE 17 )

Cimex viridulus Linnaeus, 1758: 444  

Cimex torquatus Fabricius, 1775: 710   (syn. to smaragdula by Illiger, 1807: 30) Cimex smaragdulus Fabricius, 1775: 711   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 193) Cimex transversus Thunberg, 1783: 40   (syn. by Stål, 1855: 345) Cimex variabilis Villers, 1789: 505   (syn. by Reuter, 1888: 126)

Cimex spirans Fabricius, 1798: 533   (syn. by Stål, 1868: 31)

Cimex viridissimus Wolff, 1801: 55   homonym of Cimex viridissimus Poda, 1761   (syn. to smaragdula by Fieber 1861: 330)

Pentatoma? flavicollis Palisot de Beauvois, 1805: 185   (syn. to smaragdula by Amyot & Serville, 1843: 144)

Pentatoma oblonga Westwood, 1837: 37   (syn. by Distant, 1901: 813)

Pentatoma unicolor Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 193)

Pentatoma berylina Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Distant, 1901: 813)

Pentatoma subsericea Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 193)

Pentatoma leii Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 193)

Pentatoma tripunctigera Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 194)

Pentatoma chinensis Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 194)

Pentatoma proxima Westwood, 1837: 38   (with tripunctigera   by Westwood, 1837: 38, syn. by Stål, 1865: 194). Nomen nudum ( Rider, 2006: 330)

Pentatoma chloris Westwood, 1837: 38   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 194)

Pentatoma chlorocephala Westwood 1837: 38   (syn.by Lethierry & Severin, 1893: 167)

Pentatoma propinqua Westwood, 1837: 39   (comp. with unicolor   by Westwood, 1837: 39, syn. by Stål, 1865: 194). Nomen nudum ( Rider 2006: 330)

Cimex hemichloris Germar, 1838: 166   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 194)

Nezara approximata Reiche & Fairmaire, 1848: 443   (syn. by Stål 1865: 194)

Pentatoma plicaticollis Lucas, 1849: 87   (syn. to smaragdula by Mulsant & Rey, 1866: 296)

Rhaphigaster prasinus Dallas, 1851: 274   (not Linnaeus, 1758) (misidentification, see Stål 1865: 193)

Rhaphigaster orbus Stål, 1854: 221   (syn. by Stål, 1865: 194)

Pentatoma vicaria Walker, 1867: 303   (syn. by Distant, 1900: 392)

Nezara viridula   ; Amyot & Serville, 1843; Stål, 1865: 193 –195; 1872: 41; 1876: 91; Lethierry & Severin, 1893: 167; Kirkaldy, 1909: 117, 381; Schouteden, 1910: 88; Freeman, 1940: 357 –360; DeWitt & Godfrey, 1972: 1 –23; Azim & Shafee 1978: 507 –508; Zeng, 1982: 195 –196; Cassis & Gross, 2002: 520 –524; Rider, 2006: 329 –330

Nezara viridula var. aurantiaca Costa, 1884: 37   , 58 ( Cassis & Gross, 2002: 521)

Nezara viridula var. hepatica Horváth, 1903: 406   ( Cassis & Gross, 2002: 521)

Nezara antennata var. icterica Horváth, 1889: 31  

Nezara icterica Horváth, 1889: 31   ; Ghauri, 1972: 287 syn. nov.

Diagnosis. Thorax: ostiolar ruga auriculate, conspicuous. Abdomen: urosternites with black maculae, often shorter than in N. yunnana   . Male: ventral rim of pygophore with brims restricted to posterolateral angles, abruptly ending ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 A View FIGURE 8 ). N. viridula   shares this character with N. antennata   and N. similis   . Paramere bilobate, lobes of almost equal size; median bristles attached at apex of a short digitiform process directed to lateral surface ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 C –D View FIGURE 10 ; 12 C –E View FIGURE 12 ). N. viridula   shares the paramere process with N. antennata   and N. yunnana   , but the bristles at apex of the process is an autapomophy. Female: posterior margins of gonocoxites 8 sinuous near sutural angles; basal half of laterotergites 9 concave ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 A View FIGURE 10 ; gonoxites 9 with 1 + 1 concave areas, this characteristic shared with N. antennata   and N. yunnana   ; digitiform processes of capsula seminalis subequal in length ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 A View FIGURE 17 ) present also in N. yunnana   .

Material examined: Pentatoma vicaria Walker, 1867   Holotype ( ♀—BMNH) with labels: a) type b) E. Rio / 5860 Pentatoma vicaria   .   CHINA: Chingehegshan, Schechuan , VIII. 1932, G.Liu col. (13, AMNH).   INDIA: Lutlejd, RW., N. India, M.M. Carleton col. (1 ♀ 13, AMNH);   Kaik. Unyal , Unyal goon , 5500ft, V – VII. 1941, Seklana Theri Garhwal (1 ♀ AMNH).   VENEZUELA: Carabobo, 460m, 25.VI. 1966, A. Fernandez col. (1 ♀, MIZA);   Aragua, Rancho Grande , 10.IV. 1967, Salcedo, J. col. (13, MIZA);   Aragua, Villa de Cura , 4.VII. 1945, Fernandes, F. col. (131 ♀, MIZA) “en algodón”;   Aragua, Tasajera , 20.I. 1951, Requerta, J.R. col. (43, MIZA);   Lara, Terepaima , 1–4.XI. 1956, Fernandes, F. y C.J.Rosales col. (1 ♀, MIZA);   Aragua , 29.V. 1966. Fernandes, F. col. (13, MIZA);   Carabobo, Mariara , 25.VI. 1966, 460m. Fernandes, F. col. (2 ♀, MIZA) “ trampa de luz ”;   Aragua, Choroni , 25 /V/ 48, Fernandes, F. y F. Aponte col. (1 ♀, MIZA);   Lara, Sanare , 5.III. 1957, Fernandes, F. y C.J.Rosales col. (13, MIZA);   Aragua , 17.VI. 1956, Garcia, E. col. (1 ♀, MHNV);   Distrito Federal, El Valle , 24.2. 1945, Fernandes, F. (1 ♀, MHNV);   La Florida Serrania de Barbula, 19.XII. 61, Joly col. (1 ♀, MHNV);   BRAZIL: Bahia, Itabuna ( CPDC), 1980, Milanez, J.M. col. (1 ♀, UFRG);   Minas Gerais, Fazenda S. José Cong. Aparecida , XI. 1960, Carvalho, J.C.M. (13, UFRG);   Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro , IV. 1918, Mendes, D. col., (13, UFRG);   São Paulo, Campinas ( Barão Geraldo ), 5.V. 1980, Sazima, I. col. (1 ♀, UFRG);   São Paulo, Campinas (UNICAMP), 16.VII. 1980, Grazia, J. col. (13, UFRG);   Paraná, Londrina , Embrapa Soja , 6.VII. 1999, Pubelli G.C. leg (333 ♀, UFRG);   Santa Catarina, Garopaba , 15– 30.I. 1998, J. Grazia (1 ♀ 33, UFRG);   Sem dados: 13 ( UFRG);   Santa Catarina, Nova Teutônia , 1948, Plaumann, F. col. 22 0 11 ’ 5 / 52 0 23 ’ L (13, AMNH);   Santa Catarina, Porto União , 20.V. 2003, Pimpão, D.M. col (1 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Maria , 2.VII. 1980, Pauichi, J. col., J. Grazia det. 1986, (13, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Estrela , 1.IV.07, Greve, C. col. (1 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Maria , 26. IV. 1982, Costa & Link col., em soja (13, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Maria , XII. 1981, Link, D. col., em feijão, Jocélia Grazia det. 1986, (132 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Cruz Alta , 19.X. 1981, Link & Costa col., em colza, (13, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Maria , 7.XII. 1981, Link & Costa col., em colza, Jocélia Grazia det. 1986 (13, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Guaíba , 1.X. 1985, Del Vecchio, M.C. col., em joá (132 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande Sul, Estação Ecológica do Taim , 23.III. 1981, 4.IV. 1981, Grazia, J. col., (1 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Viamão , 1966, (133 ♀, MGAP);   Rio Grande do Sul, Pelotas , XII. 1956, (13, MGAP);   Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre , 27.XI. 1956, (13, MGAP);   Rio Grande do Sul, Cachoerinha , 18.IV. 1981, Mocellin, R.P. col. (1 ♀, UFRG);   Rio Grande do Sul, Canoas , 22.XII. 1985, Fernandes, J.A.M. col. (13, UFRG).  

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History

MIZA

Venezuela, Maracay, Museuo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola

CPDC

Brazil, Bahia, Itabuna, Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau

UFRG

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Instituto de Biologia

MGAP

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Museu Anchieta

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Nezara

Loc

Nezara viridula ( Linnaeus, 1758 )

Ferrari, Augusto, Schwertner, Cristiano Feldens & Grazia, Jocelia 2010
2010
Loc

Nezara viridula var. hepatica Horváth, 1903 : 406

Cassis 2002: 521
Horvath 1903: 406
1903
Loc

Nezara antennata var. icterica Horváth, 1889 : 31

Horvath 1889: 31
1889
Loc

Nezara icterica Horváth, 1889 : 31

Ghauri 1972: 287
Horvath 1889: 31
1889
Loc

Nezara viridula var. aurantiaca

Cassis 2002: 521
Costa 1884: 37
1884
Loc

Pentatoma vicaria

Distant 1900: 392
Walker 1867: 303
1867
Loc

Nezara viridula

Rider 2006: 329
Cassis 2002: 520
Zeng 1982: 195
Azim 1978: 507
DeWitt 1972: 1
Freeman 1940: 357
Schouteden 1910: 88
Kirkaldy 1909: 117
Lethierry 1893: 167
Stal 1865: 193
1865
Loc

Rhaphigaster orbus Stål, 1854 : 221

Stal 1865: 194
Stal 1854: 221
1854
Loc

Rhaphigaster prasinus

Stal 1865: 193
Dallas 1851: 274
1851
Loc

Pentatoma plicaticollis

Mulsant 1866: 296
Lucas 1849: 87
1849
Loc

Nezara approximata

Stal 1865: 194
Reiche 1848: 443
1848
Loc

Pentatoma? flavicollis

Amyot 1843: 144
1843
Loc

Cimex hemichloris

Stal 1865: 194
Germar 1838: 166
1838
Loc

Pentatoma oblonga

Distant 1901: 813
Westwood 1837: 37
1837
Loc

Pentatoma unicolor

Stal 1865: 193
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma berylina

Distant 1901: 813
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma subsericea

Stal 1865: 193
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma leii

Stal 1865: 193
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma tripunctigera

Stal 1865: 194
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma chinensis

Stal 1865: 194
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma proxima

Rider 2006: 330
Stal 1865: 194
Westwood 1837: 38
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma chloris

Stal 1865: 194
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma chlorocephala

Lethierry 1893: 167
Westwood 1837: 38
1837
Loc

Pentatoma propinqua

Rider 2006: 330
Stal 1865: 194
Westwood 1837: 39
Westwood 1837: 39
1837
Loc

Cimex viridissimus

Fieber 1861: 330
Wolff 1801: 55
1801
Loc

Cimex spirans

Fabricius 1798: 533
1798
Loc

Cimex torquatus

Reuter 1888: 126
Stal 1865: 193
Stal 1855: 345
Illiger 1807: 30
Villers 1789: 505
Thunberg 1783: 40
Fabricius 1775: 710
Fabricius 1775: 711
1775
Loc

Cimex viridulus

Linnaeus 1758: 444
1758