Vespa Linnaeus, 1758

Smith-Pardo, Allan H., Carpenter, James M. & Kimsey, Lynn, 2020, The Diversity of Hornets in the Genus Vespa (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Vespinae), Their Importance and Interceptions in the United States, Insect Systematics and Diversity 4 (3), No. 2, pp. 1-27 : 2

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1093/isd/ixaa006

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3847040

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/51438154-7E5F-FF9B-FCBD-132C3E2AF866

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Vespa Linnaeus
status

 

Genus Vespa Linnaeus

Vespa Linnaeus, 1758: 343 . Type species: ‘ Vespa crabro Fab’. (= Vespa crabro Linnaeus, 1758 ); designated by Latreille, 1810: 438.

Macrovespa Dalla Torre, 1904: 64 (subgenus of Vespa Linnaeus ). Type species Vespa crabro Linnaeus, 1758 . Designated by Bequaert, 1930: 64.

Nyctovespa van der Vecht, 1959: 210 (subgenus of Vespa Linnaeus ). Type species: Vespa binghami du Buysson, 1905 , original designation.

Diagnosis. The subfamily Vespinae can be distinguished from other Vespidae by the hind wings lacking an anal lobe ( Fig. 1a View Figs ); forewing recurrent veins ending in the same submarginal cell ( Fig. 1b View Figs ), marginal cell narrowly pointed along costal vein (not extending away from it) ( Fig. 1b View Figs ); pronotal lobe separated from tegula by a distance equal or less than its length ( Fig. 1c View Figs ); tarsal claws simple, not bifid ( Fig. 1d View Figs ), without parategula ( Fig. 1e View Figs ), and metasoma sessile with first tergum truncate ( Fig.1f View Figs ).

Species of the genus Vespa can be distinguished from other vespine genera by having both the pronotal and the pretegular carinae ( Fig. 2a View Figs ), head vertex with the distance from the posterior ocellus to the posterior margin of vertex more than twice the distance between the posterior ocelli and the compound eye ( Fig. 2b View Figs ), the basal metasomal segment is anteriorly rounded ( Fig. 1f View Figs ), and the length of the forewing prestigma is three times or more the length of the pterostigma ( Fig. 1b View Figs ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Loc

Vespa Linnaeus

Smith-Pardo, Allan H., Carpenter, James M. & Kimsey, Lynn 2020
2020
Loc

Vespa

Vespa Linnaeus, 1758: 343
Macrovespa Dalla Torre, 1904: 64
Nyctovespa van der Vecht, 1959: 210