Pheidole parva Mayr

Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 66-70

publication ID

22171

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/37A59556-CEF2-273F-AC95-86B20DFF37EB

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Pheidole parva Mayr
status

 

Pheidole parva Mayr  HNS 

Figs. 18a-g

Pheidole parva Mayr  HNS  , 1865: 98. Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (redescription of major & minor). Syntypes: 1 major & 2 minors, "Ceylon" [= Sri Lanka], NHMW, examined.

Pheidole parva var. decanica Forel  HNS  , 1902: 175. Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (lectotype designation, junior synonym of parva  HNS  ). Lectotype: major, "Cochin (Inde) (Rothney)" [India], MHNG, examined; paralectotypes: 2 majors, "Cochin (Inde) (Rothney)" [India], MHNG, examined; 3 minors, "Kanara XXXI 8 (Aitken)" [India], MHNG, examined; 3 queens, "Belgaum. (Wroughton) XXXII 1c" [India], MHNG, examined; 3 males, "Belgaum (Wroughton) XXXII 1b", MHNG, examined; specimens from Poona [India] and Ceylon [Sri Lanka] (according to the original description), not examined.

Pheidole bugi Wheeler  HNS  , 1919: 66. Eguchi 2001b: 37-39 (lectotype designation & redescription of major & minor), Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (junior synonym of parva  HNS  ). Lectotype: major, "Sarawak, Borneo, R. Thaxter", MCZC cotype-8947, examined.

Pheidole rinae var. mala Forel  HNS  , 1911a: 205. Eguchi 2001b: 39 (lectotype designation), Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (junior synonym of parva  HNS  ). Lectotype: major, "Semarang Java (Jacobson)", MHNG, examined; paralectotypes: 2 majors & 3 minors, "Semarang Java (Jacobson)", MHNG, examined.

Pheidole rinae r. tipuna Forel  HNS  , 1912a: 68. Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (lectotype designation, junior synonym of parva  HNS  ). Lectotype: major, "Takao Formose (Sauter) 25" [= Kaoshung, Taiwan], MHNG, examined; paralectotypes: 3 minors, "Takao 25 Formose (Sauter)", MHNG, examined.

Pheidole sauteri Wheeler  HNS  , 1909: 334. Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007: 261-265 (junior synonym ofparva). Syntypes: 3 majors & 19 minors, "Takao, Formosa, H. Sauter" [= Kaoshung, Taiwan], MCZC cotype 20671, examined.

Other material examined: Ogasawara Is.: Chichi-jima I.: Chichi-jima I. [K. Hamaguchi], pass to Miyanohama, [K. Nakashima]. Ryukyus: Amami-Oshima I. [Sk. Yamane]; Okinawa-jima I.: Nishihara-cho, [Eg01-JPN-001, -002], Naha-shi [Y. Nishizono], Sueyoshi Park, Syuri, Naha-shi [K. Kishima's colony: A-7]. S. China: Hong Kong: Mai Po Marshes, New Territory [J. Fellowes], Tai Lung Farm, Sheung Shui, New Territory[Sk. Yamane]; Macau: Hac-Sa, Coloane I. [K. Eguchi]. N. Vietnam: Thai Nguyen: My Yen Commune Forest, 21°35'N, 105°36'E, Na Hau Village [Eg01-VN-134, -135, -136, -137, -145, -151, -152]; Ninh Binh: Ninh Binh [K. Ogata: 15 min.-TUS#2], Cuc Phuong N.P., 20°14'N, 105°36'E, 370 m alt. [Eg01-VN-179, - 180]. S. Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh City [R.H. Crozier, MCZC]. Thailand: Bangkok: Campus of Kasetsart Univ. [Eg01-TH-585, -586, -587], Bang Khean (Residential area) [TH03-SKY-106]. Philippines: Luzon: Asin Hot Spring, Benguet, W. Beguio [S. Schodl]; Surigao del N. Dinagat I.: 6.8 road km N. Dinagat vill., Busay [S. Schodl]; Catanduanes: Virac La Tri Lodge and Rest., Virac [H. Zettel]. W. Malaysia: Penang: Campus of Univ. Sains Malaysia [C.Y. Lee]. E. Malaysia: Sabah: Tawau Hills Park [K. Eguchi]. Brunei: Tasek Merimbun [Eg99-BOR-004]. Indonesia: W. Sumatra: Muko Muko, Maninjau [SNS coll.]; Mentawai Is.: Rokot, Plau Sipora [SNS coll.]. Lombok I.: Selong [Eg98-LMB-1020, -1021]; C. Java: Gajah Mada Univ., Yogyakarta [JV02/03-SKY-20]. Nepal: 16 km NE. Tumlingtar, 27°25'N, 87°19'E, 670 m alt. [C. Carpenter]. India: Utter Pradesh: Rajaji N.P., 600-700 m alt., 10 km SE. Dehra Dun [A. Schulz & K. Vock]. Sri Lanka: Kandy: Campus of Univ., Peradeniya [LK01-SKY-16, -26]. Germany: Cottbus [A. Buschiuger]. Austria: Wien: Tiergarten (Zoo) [G. Hillebrand]. Eguchi's informal species code " Pheidole  HNS  sp. eg-56" has been applied to these specimens.

Worker measurements & indices: Major (data from Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007). - HL 0.96-1.07 mm; HW 0.85-0.92 mm; CI 85-92; SL 0.41-0.45 mm; SI 45-51; FL 0.57-0.62 mm; FI 64-68.

Minor (data from Eguchi, Yamane & Zhou 2007). - HL 0.43-0.54 mm; HW 0.39-0.50 mm; CI 88-94; SL 0.38-0.46 mm; SI 84-102; FL 0.39-0.48 mm; FI 93-109.

Worker description

Major. - Head in lateral view not or very weakly impressed on vertex; frons to anterior part of vertex longitudinally rugose; posterior part of vertex rusogo-reticulate; dorsal and dorsolateral faces of vertexal lobe reticulate or rusogo-reticulate; frontal carina absent or inconspicuous (present just as weak rugulae); antennal scrobe absent; median longitudinal carina on clypeus absent, or rarely present but weak; hypostoma with median and submedian processes in addition to conspicuous lateral processes; median process often lower than submedian process, or sometimes almost disappearing; submedian processes usually conspicuous; outer surface of mandible (excluding area around the base) smooth or dimly rugose partly, sparsely with (very) short appressed hairs; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye longer than antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome in dorsal view rugoso-reticulate or irregularly rugose with interspaces smooth or dimly to distinctly punctured, or punctured weakly; the dome in lateral view at most with an inconspicuous mound on its posterior slope; humerus weakly produced laterad; the dome at the humeri almost as broad as or broader than at the bottom. Petiole much longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); petiolar node in lateral view relatively high; postpetiole not massive; first gastral tergite weakly rugoso-punctate in its anterior 1/3 or at least around its articulation with postpetiole.

Minor. - Dorsum of head punctured and often overlain by weak rugoso-reticulation; preoccipital carina absent or inconspicuous dorsally; median part of clypeus smooth or weakly punctured; median longitudinal carina absent, or present but weak; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape exceeding posterior margin of head by less than half length of antennal segment II, or not reaching the posterior margin; maximal diameter of eye longer than antennal segment X. Mesosoma punctured; punctuation on dorsum of promesonotal dome often overlain sparsely by weak rugulae; promesonotal dome in lateral view relatively weakly convex, at most with an inconspicuous mound on its posterior slope; humerus in dorso-oblique view very weakly produced; propodeal spine elongate-triangular. Petiole much longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive.

Recognition: This species is characterized among Indo-Chinese species by the combination of the following features: in the major frontal carina almost absent; in the major hypostoma in the middle with 3 processes (median process is often low, rarely much reduced); in the minor scape exceeding posterior margin of head by less than half length of antennal segment II, or not reaching the posterior margin; in the minor maximal diameter of eye longer than antennal segment X; in the minor dorsal and lateral faces of head and mesosoma punctured; in the major and minor posterior slope of promesonotal dome lacking a conspicuous prominence/ mound.

P. parva  HNS  is most similar to P. rabo Forel  HNS  . In the minor of the latter, however, scape usually exceeds posterior margin of head by almost the length of antennal segment II, and maximal diameter of eye is almost as long as or a little shorter than antennal segment X.

Distribution & bionomics: Widely distributed in the Oriental region, Austro-Malayan subregion and W.

Pacific. This species prefers open lands, tillage and gardens to woody habitats, and nests under the ground. In rural areas of N. Vietnamese this species and P. yeensis  HNS  are the most dominant Pheidole  HNS  species.

NHMW

Austria, Wien, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Pheidole