Anochetus grandidieri Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 8-11

publication ID

21401

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:36DFC527-D3D6-4F7D-84A1-3C12005812A2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/31F96F41-E3E0-02BD-8898-5A4F3A20E45A

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Anochetus grandidieri Forel
status

 

Anochetus grandidieri Forel  HNS 

Figures: worker 3a-d, 5c; queen 3e-h; male 3i-j, 8b; map 6b

Type material:

Anochetus grandidieri Forel, 1891: 108  HNS  [ 21] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Forest of the east coast (M. Humblot) ( MHNG), present designation [examined], AntWeb CASENT0101819. Brown, 1978: 606 [ 2] (description of worker)CASC  .

Anochetus madecassus Santschi, 1928: 54  HNS  [ 22] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: dealate queen, Madagascar, Nossi-Be( Descarpentries ) ( NHMB) Lectotype by present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT0101098.CASC  Synonymized with grandidieri  HNS  by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Worker measurements: maximum and minimum based on all specimens, n = 20. HL 0.79-1.19, HW 0.71-1.06, CI 85-95, EL 0.08-0.13, ML 0.33-0.57, MI 41-54, SL 0.57-0.88, SI 78-86, WL 0.87-1.35, FL 0.57-0.90, PW 0.44-0.62.

Queen measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5. HL 0.88-1.15, HW 0.81-1.07, CI 92-96, EL 0.17-0.23, ML 0.39-0.56, MI 44-49, SL 0.62-0.87, SI 77-81, WL 1.08- 1.46. FL 0.68-0.96, PW 0.60-0.78.

Male measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5 from Madagascar: HL 0.58-0.73, HW 0.78-0.94, CI 129- 135, EL 0.37-0.46, SL 0.10-0.15, SI 13-16, WL 1.17-1.52, FL 0.78-1.08

Worker diagnosis: Inner blade of mandible without teeth and denticles; apical end of inner blade without a notched semicircular concavity (Fig. 2a). Eyes small (0.05-0.11 mm), projecting dorsolaterally. In full face view, antennal scape usually not reaching, and not surpassing posterior margin of occipital lobe. Dorsal surface of head with numerous short setae. Pilosity and sculpture as in Figures 3 a-d.

Queens alate: Very similar to workers, only slightly larger than respective size class (Figs 3e-h). Ergatoid queens not recorded.

Within a single locality, two size classes of workers, queens and males are present in this species, but the differences within a site do not hold up when variation across all sites is included. These differences suggest that two reproductive and developmental pathways can occur in this species. Further work is needed to explore the biotic or abiotic factors that trigger the development of small and large castes.

The species is most similar to A. madagascarensis  HNS  but can be easily distinguished by its small eyes and scape that does not surpass the occipital lobe. A. madagascarensis  HNS  has large eyes (0.24-0.26 mm), and scapes that surpass occipital lobes.

Distribution and biology. A. grandidieri  HNS  is endemic to Madagascar and is widespread throughout Madagascar in forest and shrubland habitats below 1,550 m elevation (Fig 4b). It has been collected in gallery, dry, littoral, lowland, and montane forest, in desert spiny bush thicket in the southwest, and Uapaca woodland in the ceIntral plateau. As in many soil dwelling ants, A. grandidieri  HNS  has reduced eyes (EL /HW 0.11-0.13) and short scapes. A. grandidieri  HNS  is the only Anochetus  HNS  in Madagascar with these soil nesting modifications. The subterranean habitat of this species may allow it to survive in a wide range of habitats in Madagascar from desert to woodland to montane forest. Out of 453 collecting events, A. grandidieri  HNS  was most often recorded in sifted litter (97 collection records), rotten logs (96), and Malaise traps (155).

CO1. Shallow iIntraspecific (average within species sequence divergence of 2.72, SE = 0.048) and deep interspecific divergences(9.4% SE = 0.05) between A. grandidieri  HNS  and the other species. Small and large castes had identical DNA barcodes. (Figs 9, 16).

Diagnostic barcoding loci. A grandidieri  HNS  : T-273, T-282, T- 306, A-312, (shared with one population of A. goodmani  HNS  ), A-312, T- 333, A-483, T-528 (all 3rd base pair positions).

Specimens examined for Anochetus grandidieri  HNS  : Specimens from 456 separate collection events from the following 140 localities were examined. MADAGASCAR: Province Antsiranana: Sakalava Beach ;  Montagne des Francais, 7.2 km 142° SE Antsiranana   ; Antsiranana II Pref: Antsahampano S.-Pref: Montagne d'Ambre. Site MD2GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre, 3.6 km 235° SW Joffreville GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 13.6 km 192° SSW Anivorano Nord GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Ampondrabe, 26.3 km 10° NNE Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d' Antsahabe, 11.4 km 275° W Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Binara, 9.1 km 233° SW Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Nosy Be , Lokobe Forest GoogleMaps  ; Foret Ambato, 26.6 km 33° Ambanja GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ambondrobe, 41.1 km 175° Vohemar GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ampasindava, Foret d'Ambilanivy, 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha GoogleMapsCASC  ; R.S. Manongarivo, 10.8 km 229° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps  ; R.S. Manongarivo, 12.8 km 228° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps  ; R.S. Manongarivo, 14.5 km 220° SW Antanambao GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Anabohazo, 21.6 km 247° WSW Maromandia GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Marojejy, Manantenina River, 27.6 km 35° NE Andapa , 9.6 km 327° NNW Manantenina ;GoogleMapsCASC  Parc National de Marojejy, Manantenina River, 28.0 km 38° NE Andapa , 8.2 km 333° NNW Manantenina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Marojejy GoogleMapsCASC  ; Marojejy R.N.I. #12GoogleMaps  ; Foret Ambanitaza, 26.1km 347° Antalaha GoogleMapsCASC  ; 9.2 km WSW Befingotra , Res. Anjanaharibe-SudGoogleMaps  ; 6.5 km SSW Befingotra , Res. Anjanaharibe-SudGoogleMaps  ; 17 km W Andapa , Res. d' Anjanaharibe-SudGoogleMaps  ; 5 km SW Antalaha GoogleMaps  ; 14 km W Cap Est, Ambato GoogleMaps  ; Fotodriana, Cap Masoala GoogleMaps  . Province Mahajanga: Mahavavy River , 6.2 km 145° SE Mitsinjo GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve d'Ankoririka, 10.6 km 13° NE de Tsaramandroso GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ampijoroa National Park, 160 km N Maevatanana , Mahajanga Prov ., deciduous forestGoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Namoroka, 17.8 km 329° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Namoroka, 16.9 km 317° NW Vilanandro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Namoroka, 9.8 km 300° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo, 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 10.6 km ESE 123° Antsalova GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Tsimembo, 8.7 km 336° NNW Soatana GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 2.5 km 62° ENE Bekopaka , Ankidrodroa River GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 3.4 km 93° E Bekopaka , Tombeau Vazimba GoogleMapsCASC  ; Province Toamasina: Montagne d'Anjanaharibe, 19.5 km 27° NNE Ambinanitelo ;GoogleMapsCASC  Montagne d'Anjanaharibe, 18.0 km 21 ° NNE Ambinanitelo GoogleMapsCASC  ; Montagne d'Akirindro 7.6 km 341 ° NNW Ambinanitelo GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; 19 km ESE Maroantsetra GoogleMaps  ; 6.9 km NE Ambanizana, Ambohitsitondroina GoogleMaps  ; Ambanizana, Parc National Masoala GoogleMapsCASC  ; 5.3 km SSE Ambanizana, Andranobe GoogleMaps  ; 6.3 km S Ambanizana, Andranobe ; 1 km W Andampibe , Cap Masoala;GoogleMaps  GoogleMaps  Parc National Mananara-Nord, 7.1 km 261° Antanambe GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Foret d'Analava Mandrisy, 5.9 km 195° Antanambe   ; Res. Ambodiriana, 4.8 km 306° Manompana , along Manompana River   ; Ile Sainte Marie, Foret Ambohidena , 22.8 km 44° Ambodifotatra GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Ile Sainte Marie, Foret Kalalao , 9.9 km 34° Ambodifotatra GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Parcelle E3 Tampolo GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; S.F. Tampolo, 10 km NNE Fenoarivo Atn .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Bridge at Onibi, NW of Mahavelona GoogleMapsCASC  ; Mahavelona ( Foulpointe )GoogleMapsCASC  ; 2.1 km 315° Mahavelona GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foulpointe GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Betampona, Camp Vohitsivalana , 37.1 km 338° Toamasina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Betampona, Camp Rendrirendry 34.1 km 332° Toamasina GoogleMapsCASCCASC1CASC2GB1GB2  ; F.C. SandranantitraGoogleMaps  ; F.C. DidyGoogleMapsCASC  ; F.C. AndriantantelyGoogleMaps  ; P.N. MantadiaGoogleMaps  ; AnalamayGoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret Ambatovy, 14.3 km 57° Moramanga ;GoogleMapsCASC  TorotorofotsyGoogleMapsCASC  ; Andasibe National Park, botanic garden near eIntrance, West of ANGAP office   ; Res. Analamazaotra, Parc National, Andasibe ;GoogleMapsCASC  Fianarantsoa: Foret d'Atsirakambiaty, 7.6 km 285° WNW Itremo GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps  ; Vohiparara broken bridge, Fianarantsoa Prov .GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Parc National de Ranomafana, Sahamalaotra River , 6.6 km 310° NW Ranomafana GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana: Talatakely GoogleMapsCASC  ; 3 km W Ranomafana, nr. Ifandiana GoogleMaps  ; research cabin at Talatakely , Ranomafana National ParkGoogleMapsCASC  ; radio tower, Ranomafana National Park, Fianarantsoa Prov .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Namorona River at footbridge, Ranomafana National Park;GoogleMapsCASC  Ranomafana National Park, Tavolo treeGoogleMaps  ; Belle Vue trail, Ranomafana National Park , Fianarantsoa Prov .GoogleMapsCASC  ; 7 km W Ranomafana GoogleMaps  ; VatoharananaGoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Ranomafana, Vatoharanana River , 4.1 km 231 ° SW Ranomafana ;GoogleMapsCASC  P.N. Ranomafana, Vatoharanana-Ankovoka GoogleMapsCASC  ; 8 km E Kianjavato, Vatovavy Forest GoogleMaps  ; 7.6 km 122° Kianjavato , Foret Classee Vatovavy   ; 2 km W Andrambovato , along river Tatamaly ;GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  Foret d'Ambalagoavy Nord, Ikongo , Ambatombe GoogleMapsCASC  ; 45 km S. Ambalavao GoogleMaps  ; 45 km S Ambalavao GoogleMapsCASC  ; 43 km S Ambalavao , Res. AndringitraGoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National d'Isalo, Ambovo Springs , 29.3 km 4° N Ranohira GoogleMapsCASC  ; 8.0 km NE IvohibeGoogleMaps  ; 9.0 km NE IvohibeGoogleMaps  ; R.S. Ivohibe, 7.5 km ENE Ivohibe GoogleMaps  ; Parc National d'Isalo, 9.1 km 354° N Ranohira GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Analalava, 29.6 km 280° W Ranohira GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Vevembe, 66.6 km 293° Farafangana GoogleMapsCASC  ; Province Toliara  : Reserve Speciale d'Ambohijanahary, Foret d'Ankazotsihitafototra , 34.6 km 314° NW Ambaravaranala GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Speciale d'Ambohijanahary, Foret d'Ankazotsihitafototra , 35.2 km 312° NW Ambaravaranala GoogleMapsCASC  ; Vohibasia Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps  ; southern Isoky-Vohimena Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps  ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 33.2 km 344° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 29.2 km 343° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 29.4 km 343° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Tsinjoriaky, 6.2 km 84° E Tsifota GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Zombitse , 19.8 km 84° E Sakaraha;GoogleMapsCASC  Parc National de Zombitse, 17.7 km 98° E Sakaraha GoogleMapsCASC  ; 15 km E Sakaraha GoogleMaps  ; Foret de Mite, 20.7 km 29° WNW Tongobory GoogleMapsCASC  ; Sept Lacs; Beza-Mahafaly, 27 km E Betioky GoogleMaps  ; Ehazoara Canyon, 26 km E Betioky GoogleMapsCASC  ; 70.7 km NNE Tolanaro, Mahermano Mt .; 11 km NW Enakara , Res. Andohahela;GoogleMaps  GoogleMapsCASC  10 km NW Enakara, Res. Andohahela GoogleMaps  ; Res . Andohahela, 6 km SSW Eminiminy ;GoogleMaps  Parc National d'Andohahela, Col du Sedro , 3.8 km 113° ESE Mahamavo , 37.6 km 341° NNW Tolagnaro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National d'Andohahela, Manampanihy River , 5.4 km 113° ESE Mahamavo , 36.7 km 343° NNW Tolagnaro GoogleMapsCASC  ; 2.7 km WNW 302° Ste. Luce GoogleMaps  ; 9.2 km N Tolanaro, Ilapany Mt .  ; 29.5 km WNW Tolanaro , Vasiha Mt .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National d'Andohahela, Foret d'Ambohibory , 1.7 km 61° ENE Tsimelahy , 36.1 km 308° NW Tolagnaro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Mandena, 8.4 km NNE 30° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps  ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Bealoka , Mandrare River , 14.6 km 329° NNW Amboasary GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Malaza , Mandrare River , 8.6 km 314° NW Amboasary GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Berenty; Foret de Petriky , 12.5 km W 272° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps  ; 4.4 km 148° SSE Lavanono GoogleMapsCASC  ;GoogleMaps  Reserve Speciale de Cap Sainte Marie, 14.9 km 261° W Marovato GoogleMapsCASC  ; near road, Zombitse National Park , Tulear Prov.; near ANGAP office, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .;GoogleMapsCASC  GoogleMapsCASC  Parcel I, Beza Mahafaly Reserve, near research station, Tulear Province GoogleMapsCASC  ; Tsimelahy - Parcel II, Andohahela National Park , transition forest, Tulear Province GoogleMapsCASC  .

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Anochetus

Loc

Anochetus grandidieri Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A. 2008

2008
Loc

Anochetus madecassus

Santschi F 1928: 54

1928
Loc

Anochetus grandidieri

Forel A 1891: 108

1891