Neotima galeai,

Peter Schuchert, 2017, Systematic notes on some leptomedusa species with a description of Neotima galeai n. spec. (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria), Revue suisse de Zoologie 124 (2), pp. 351-375: 362-363

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.893549

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/272687CA-CF54-E213-FC5E-F880F93EF864

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neotima galeai
status

new species

Neotima galeai  new species

Holotype: MHNG-INVE-93201; 1 mature medusa in ethanol, originally preserved in formalin; Persian Gulf, Abu Dhabi, 24.4666°N 54.3276°E, 0 m depth, collected 26.08.2006; leg. H. Galea.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: MHNG-INVE-53566; 4 intact and 1 dissected mature medusae in ethanol; otherwise same data as holotype.

Type locality: 24.4666°N 54.3276°E, 0 m depth.

Diagnosis: Neotima  medusa with gonads along radial canals interrupted for some distance, resulting thus in eight gonads in total.

Etymology: The species is dedicated to the collector of the type material, Dr Horia Galea, in appreciation of his admirable work on hydrozoan systematics.

Description: Medusa nearly hemispherical, diameter 9-11 mm. Aboral jelly thick, 1/3 or more of total height, with a broad gastric peduncle of about the same length as the bell height, basal diameter about half the diameter of the bell, tapering in an even curve to a diameter slightly smaller than stomach diameter. Manubrium small, 1.2 mm high, bell-shaped, mouth opening cruciform as margin drawn out into four perradial lips, entire mouth margin in numerous folds. 26-28 tentacles of which 4 always perradial, contracted 6-7 mm, not coiled, bases laterally compressed, no bulbs, no longitudinal furrows. Between each pair of tentacles 2-7, mostly 4-6, marginal warts, sizes variable but apparently not developing into tentacles, without adaxial papillae. Observed statocyst numbers 6-8, likely normally 8, number of concretions unknown. Cirri absent. Gonads along the four radial canals, reaching from close to junction with circular canal to manubrium, but interrupted for a stretch in middle of the peduncle, gonads thus subdivided into a total of eight gonads, diameter of gonads relatively small compared to other leptomedusae, not much thicker than tentacle base.

Nematocysts: small haplonemes, abundant on tentacles, (6-7)x(2) μm; larger haplonemes, relatively rare, along circular canal and in marginal warts, (11-14)x(3) μm. Colours: Transparent, gonads whitish.

Polyp unknown.

Distribution: Known from type locality only ( United Arab Emirates).

Remarks: The number of concretions in the statocysts could not be determined as these were missing due to the initial preservation in formalin.

The new species matched the diagnosis for the genus Neotima Petersen, 1962  (see also Bouillon et al., 2006), except for the subdivided gonad (see remarks above). It resembles Neotima lucullana ( Delle Chiaje, 1823)  , but this Mediterranean species is much larger (diameter up to 87 mm), has a thin aboral jelly, about twice as many tentacles, the tentacles have an abaxial groove, and the gonads are undivided ( Petersen, 1962). The only other known Neotima  species, Neotima peterseni Bouillon, 1984  , has a similar size and tentacle number as the new species, but the bell shape and thickness of the mesogloea are different, as well as the gonads being undivided (comp. Bouillon, 1984: table 3).

Neotima galeai  can potentially be confused with Eutima hartlaubi Kramp, 1958  , a species occurring in the same biogeographic zone. However, the latter species is distinguishable by having marginal warts with lateral cirri, only 12-14 tentacles, and an abaxial spur at the tentacle base ( Kramp, 1958; 1968).

The gonads of Neotima galeai  are relatively thin and one is tempted to regard the observed medusae as subadult. However, the other Neotima  species also have thin gonads and this seems to be a characteristic trait of the genus and also many other species of the family Eirenidae  .

Family Mitrocomidae Haeckel, 1879 

Genus Mitrocomella Haeckel, 1879 

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Eirenidae

Genus

Neotima

Loc

Neotima galeai

Peter Schuchert 2017
2017
Loc

Neotima galeai

Peter Schuchert 2017
2017
Loc

Neotima galeai

Peter Schuchert 2017
2017
Loc

Neotima

Petersen 1962
1962
Loc

Eutima hartlaubi

Kramp 1958
1958
Loc

Eirenidae

Haeckel 1879
1879
Loc

Mitrocomidae

Haeckel 1879
1879
Loc

Mitrocomella

Haeckel 1879
1879