Pseudoplatystoma metaense , Uriel Angel Buitrago-Suárez & Brooks M. Burr, 2007

Uriel Angel Buitrago-Suárez & Brooks M. Burr, 2007, Taxonomy of the catfish genus Pseudoplatystoma Bleeker (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) with recognition of eight species., Zootaxa 1512, pp. 1-38: 25-27

publication ID

z01512p001

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A7987452-69A5-4C79-B0F2-29B889EA3E1B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/225EE3EA-3E58-9D03-E8F5-E6430C9EA686

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Pseudoplatystoma metaense
status

n. sp.

Pseudoplatystoma metaense  n. sp.

(Figure 23, Table 6)

Geographic distribution: Orinoco River, Colombia and Venezuela (Fig. 22).

Holotype: ANSP 146858, 528 mm SL. Metica River, ca 1.5 km E of Rajote (Plancha 267) , 3°56'N, 73°3'W, Meta River , department of Meta, Colombia, W. G. Saul et al., 16 March 1973.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: ANSP 149541, (2), Orinoco River inlet below Barrancas, 141 nautic miles, upstream from sea buoy , Venezuela 8º43'N, 62º08'W, R. V. Eastward, 17 February 1978.GoogleMaps  ANSP 128135, (1), hacienda Mozambique; lake Mozambique, W side near end , 3º58'N, 73º04' W, Meta River, Orinoco River , department of Meta, Colombia, J.E. Bohlke et al., 29 March 1971.GoogleMaps 

Material examined: AMNH 96661, (2), between Puerto Ordaz and Barrancas at los Castillos de Guyana, isla Japatupa in an isolated laguna , 8º31'36"N, 62º26'42"W, Orinoco River , Venezuela, C. Eastward et al., 10 November 1976.GoogleMaps  ANSP 146858, (1), Metica River, ca 1.5 km. E of Rajote (Plancha 267) , 3º56'N, 73º3'W, Meta River, Orinoco River , department of Meta, Colombia, W. Saul and W. Smith -Vaniz, 16 March 1973.GoogleMaps  ANSP 149541, (2 ds), Orinoco River inlet below Barrancas, 141 nautic miles, upstream from sea buoy , Venezuela 8º43'N, 62º08'W, R. V. Eastward, 17 February 1978.GoogleMaps  ANSP 166447, (1), Cabruta; laguna Larga II, Orinoco River , estado de Guarico, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez and A. Martinez, 11 January 1988.  CAS 162518, (1), whereabouts in the Orinoco River , Venezuela.  CAS 164380, (2), whereabouts in the Orinoco River , Venezuela.  CAS 211347, (2), cano tributary of Orinoco River, nautic miles 92 , estado Delta Amacuro, Venezuela.  CAS 64945, (1), south of Bruzual, Prestamo on east side of highway, Orinoco River , estado de Apure, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 18 February 1981.  INHS 35798, (1), laguna cano Largo , 8º14'50"N, 63º15'55"W, Orinoco River , estado de Bolivar, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 27 May 1987.GoogleMaps  INHS 35880 & 35881, (2), SE, El Carote, near mouth of Caujauito River , 7º41'N, 66º21W, Orinoco River , estado de Guarico, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 12 January 1995.GoogleMaps  MCNG 38744, (1), Cojedes River, Orinoco River , estado de Cojedes, Venezuela, N. Hurtado, February 1994.  MCNG 31287, (1 ds), laguna Tineo , 8º11'25"N, 63º28'20"W, Orinoco River , distrito Independencia, estado Anzoategui, Venezuela, M. Rodriguez, 28 March 1988.GoogleMaps  UF 80652, (1), Guasimito River, tributary Guanare River , 8º20'55"N, 68º2'20"W, Orinoco River , estado de Barinas, Venezuela, D. Taphorn et al., 6 April 1984.GoogleMaps  UMMZ 211348, (2), delta Amacuro, inlet of cano Araguaito on north side of Orinoco River , estado delta Amacuro, Venezuela, E. Marsh et al., 14 November 1979.  USNM 258155, (1 ds), Apure River, side channel of the Riverca, 5 km W of San Fernando de Apure , 7º53'N, 67º29W, Orinoco River , estado de Apure, Venezuela, technicians at Apure fisheries, 21 January 1983.GoogleMaps  USNM 258157, (2), side channel along dike opposite municipal slaughter house , 7º35'N, 67º29'W, Apure River, tributary of Orinoco River , estado de Apure, Venezuela, technicians at Apure fisheries, 25 January 1983.GoogleMaps  USNM 233935, (1), cano Limon on north side of the river, opposite los Castillos, between Pt. Ordaz and Barrancas, 162.1 nautic miles from sea buoy , 8º31'48"N, 62º25'24"W, Orinoco River , Venezuela, Marsh et al., 10 November 1979.GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis: A species of Pseudoplatystoma  ZBK  distinguished by a combination of the following features: dark spots randomly distributed over dusky region on body (this pattern has been regarded mistakenly as the spotted condition of P. corruscans  , and consequently, these two species often have been confused); side of body with few (no more than 5) straight dark vertical bars; fewer (2 or 3) loop-like bars than in P. tigrinum  ZBK  ; adipose fin with fewer spots than in P. tigrinum  ZBK  (8-10, in P. tigrinum  ZBK  , 5-7 in P. metaense  ); surrounding areas over dorsal procurrent caudal rays also with fewer spots than in P. tigrinum  ZBK  ; (8-10 in P. tigrinum  ZBK  , 5-8 in P. metaense  ); 35 vertebrae; pectoral and pelvic fins pale with no dusky pigmentation.

Description: Maximum recorded length 528 mm TL. P. metaense  has a narrow head and flat snout, somewhat expanded anteriorly. Viewed laterally, widest measurement at dorsal fin origin. Body tapers in depth gradually toward the tail. Dark pigmentation on dorsum and lateral sides from head to tail. Spots and vertical lines over the dusky region, sometimes a few spots on lateroventral white region. Rays of dorsal fin with few spots, spine pale with no spots. Pelvic fins pale and lacking spots, anal fin pale with few spots. Caudal fin with many spots (compare Figs. 14 and 15). No loop-like or spots on dorsal region of head. A long groove or fontanel extends from middle length of mesethmoid to middle length of supraoccipital. Posterior process of supraoccipital with a conspicuous crest. Surface of the head rough posteriorly with a transverse groove. Surface of snout with reticulating/dendritic prolongations of the lateral line system as well as on cheeks, all over surface and posteriorly to the opercle. Maxillary barbels short, not reaching beyond opercle flap. Short posterior mental barbels extend beyond pectoral girdle.

Etymology: The specific epithet metaense refers to the type locality, Meta River, a tributary of the Orinoco River in Colombia and Venezuela.