Bradyporus (Callimenus) toros, Ünal, Mustafa, 2011

Ünal, Mustafa, 2011, Taxonomic review of the subfamily Bradyporinae (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae; Bradyporini; Ephippigerini) of Turkey, with description of new species and the relationship of the taxa, Zootaxa 2899, pp. 1-42: 28-30

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.207707


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scientific name

Bradyporus (Callimenus) toros

sp. n.

Bradyporus (Callimenus) toros   sp. n.

( Figs. 92–104 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 146– 149, 156 – 157)

Material examined. Konya, Beyşehir, Kurucaova yolu, 37 ° 33 ’ 778 ’’N, 31 ° 32 ’ 303 ’’ E, 1216 m, 1.6 .2010, 3 males (including holotype), 1 female (allotype) (leg. M. Ünal) (AÏBÜEM); Burdur, Bucak-Antalya, Susuz Karaanseray (Kervansaray), ca. 5 km S. of Bucak, 774 m, 37 ° 23 ’025’’ N, 32 °03’006’’ E, 13.6 .2009, 4 males, 1 female (leg. R. Kleukers, B. Ode & L. Willemse) ( NCB).

Distribution. Turkey: Konya, Burdur and Antalya provinces ( Fig. 156 View FIGURE 156 ).

Description. Male (holotype): Head relatively wide, 1.2 times higher than wide in frontal view. Eye clearly larger than antennal foramen. Lateral carinae of pronotum ( Figs. 92, 93 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 146, 147) distinct, blunt, but not distinctly raised; prozona depressed shallowly; metazona raised, with not very distinct 4 tubercular folds, inner 2 much larger; prozona 1.2 times narrower than metazona in dorsal view and as high as metazona in lateral view; pronotum 1.5 times longer than its height; anterior and posterior margins of pronotum almost straight, posterior margin with 5 small incision placed end of tubercular folds; paranota broadly rounded ( Figs. 92, 93 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 146, 147). Fore femur unarmed, mid and hind femora with several small ventral spines distally, but in the specimens collected from Burdur all femora unarmed. Prosternum with 2 asunder, long and strong spines; mesosternal lobes large collar-like, narrowly ended, apex blunt; metasternal lobes smaller collar-like, rounded at apex. Subgenital plate ( Fig. 94 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) 1.2 times wider than long, basal part broad, distinctly narrowed to apex, with 2 lateral carinae, without styli; posterior margin with a shallow but very distinct rounded median incision. Cercus ( Figs. 95, 96 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) stout, typically short and broad in dorsal view, apex blunt, very short with several indistinct teeth; inner arm very long lying horizontally, its apex blunt, indistinctly bidentate; ventral view much longer; basal lobe large and high ( Figs. 95, 96 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ). Titillator ( Figs. 97, 98 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) slender, apical arms relatively long, curved outwards, distal part distinctly narrowed, pointed with a small, downcurved apical tooth; basal arm black and long, its proximal part wide, distal part narrow and upcurved; bridge between left and right arms short and narrow; in lateral view ( Fig. 98 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) titillator especially basal arm very narrow; apical arm curved towards the posterior.

Female: Head and eye as in male but slightly larger. Lateral carinae of pronotum ( Figs. 99, 100 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 148, 149) distinct, slightly raised and blunt; prozona with shallow depression; metazona raised, with 2 short tubercular folds; anterior margin of pronotum almost straight, posterior margin slightly concave with 2 indistinct incision placed end of tubercular folds; in lateral view prozona 1.2 times higher than metazona; pronotum 1.4 times longer than its height; anterior edge of prozona and metazona raised; paranota rounded ( Figs. 99, 100 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 148, 149). Subgenital plate ( Fig. 101 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) angled (not rounded), 1.4 times wider than long, posterior margin very slightly convex but lateral tips slightly elongated backwards; basal pits large. Cercus ( Fig. 102 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) very short and broad, almost conical, pointed with a small tooth; basal lobe large and high. Ovipositor ( Figs. 103 View FIGURES 92 – 104 , 148, 149) not very short, 1.3 times shorter than hind femur; ventral valve with a row of irregular apical teeth; upper and lower valves sharp and clearly diverged at apex; basal projecting of ventral valve ( Fig. 104 View FIGURES 92 – 104 ) very narrow, long, almost triangular, distal part slightly incurved with pointed apex.

Color: Body entirely and strongly darkened, mostly unique opaque black with reddish brown (dark and dirty pale orange) pronotum. Head black, between antennal foramen and lower part of gena with a large light (cream in male, milky brown in female) band which continuing lower part of frons, more distinct in female; this band seen as a large transversal light band in frontal view of head; basal part of mandibles milky brown and basal part of clypeus in female with a narrow transversal light band. Pronotum typically reddish brown with several fused black spots and short stripes in prozona in dorsal view; lower and middle part of prozona and upper part of metazona in male black in lateral view, in female metazona without black spots; lateral carinae with a black stripe along its legth. Fore femur black with a light band in distal part of inner side; mid femur black, its outer side with a small light spot apically, inner side orange in basal half with several black spots; outer surface of hind femur cream with big black spots, upper side and inner surface distictly orange in basal half, apical part black; inner surface of fore tibia cream with a narrow black stripe in middle, outer surface brownish cream, remaining part including spines black; inner surface of mid and hind tibia reddish brown, outer surface cream with reddish brown and black spines and a thin longitudinal black stripe; apical part of each segment of tarsi and its ventral surface black. Abdominal tergites entirely opaque black (not metallic as in B. dasypus   ), in 2 males from Burdur abdomen with 2 indistinct longitudinal light bands. Cerci, subgenital plates except basal pits in male black. Ovipositor yellowish brown, its basal part black, apical teeth reddish brown. Sternites also darkened with brown or reddish brown.

Measurements (mm). Holotype (male): length of body 52.8; pronotum 14.6; hind femur 18.8. Paratypes: length of body: male 40.5–53, female 44.3–45.2; pronotum: male 13.8–19, female 13.6–14.1; hind femur: male 18–20.3, female 19.2–20; ovipositor: 14.7–16.

Diagnosis. This new species is recognizable by the male subgenital plate, the male cercus, titillator, the female subgenital plate and the typical coloration. It is most related to Bradyporus latipes   by the general shape of pronotum, somewhat titillator, the male cercus with blunt apex and the shape of inner arm of male cercus, the female subgenital plate and relatively long ovipositor. But, the male cercus with narrower apex, long and horizontal inner tooth, the details of pronotum, the shape of male subgenital plate, the narrower basal projecting of ventral valve of ovipositor, the smaller size, the coloration and distribution are different. Titillator is more similar to Iranian specimens of B. latipes   , but all the other characters given above are more distinct than Turkish specimens of B. latipes   .

Remarks. The coloration of this species is quite stable and unique in the both localities. I have seen a photograph of one more specimen of this new species in internet taken by Daniel Prunier from Antalya: Alanya, Konaklı, Güzelbaġ in June 2009. Its coloration is agree with the studied specimens here.

Etymology. The species name, “ Toros   ”, is Turkish spelling of the Taurus Mountains of where the western part covers the distributional area of this new species. Many endemic species are found along the Toros   Mountains, S. Turkey.


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