Cydia marita Brown,

Brown, Richard L. & Jaeger, Christi, 2014, A new species of Eucosma Hübner and two new species of Cydia Hübner (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from the United States, Zootaxa 3860 (3), pp. 226-234: 229-232

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3860.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:95CD3F9C-6F59-4A02-9D0E-30014052402B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C28783-FFDC-597F-FF77-F936764CFE4B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cydia marita Brown
status

new species

Cydia marita Brown  , new species

( Figs. 4View FIGURES 4 – 5, 6, 7View FIGURES 6 – 8, 11, 12View FIGURES 9 – 12)

Diagnosis. The Y-shaped silvery lines and orange scales on the forewing differentiate C. marita  from all previously described North American Cydia  . This species has male genitalia similar to those of C. bracteana (Fernald)  , but they differ in having a smaller cucullus relative to the sacculus, and cornuti arranged in a large median group and a small apical group, rather than a continuous row. The female of C. marita  differs from that of C. bracteana  in having larger papillae anales, a lamella postvaginalis with setae restricted to the lateral margins, and a large bulla seminalis approximate to the ductus bursae. This new species is also similar to C. timara  , and the two are differentiated below in the description of the latter.

Description. Head: Vertex and upper frons pale brownish gray, apices of scales paler; labial palpus concolorous with vertex, third segment 0.36 length of second (1 ♂).

Thorax: Prothorax and patagia, mesothorax and tegulae, and metathorax pale grayish brown. Forewing ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 4 – 5) length 4.4–7.9 mm; sex scales absent in male; outer margin of wing membrane concave; grayish brown from base to two-thirds length, suffused with orange on outer third, with silvery lines originating from six white strigulae on costa, two transverse silvery lines at mid-wing, often indistinct in rubbed specimens, a Y-shaped silvery line at two-thirds length, often with apical arm discontinuous from stalk, and a discontinuous Y-shaped silvery line near apex, with both arms broken at stalk by orange tipped scales; basal half of wing with three or four transverse striae, formed by scales with white or light gray apices; a small white or light gray spot on proximal margin of stalk of first Y-shaped silvery line; scale apices increasing in amount of orange from before mid-wing to Y-shaped silvery line at two-thirds length; ocellus with 3–4 dark brown longitudinal bars between stalks of Y-shaped silvery lines; scales of apical third of wing orange or brownish gray with orange apices; distal row of wing disc scales (basal to attenuate marginal scales) forming dark brown line, broken by white dash at M 1; marginal scales dark gray. Hindwing uniformly light brownish gray; cubital pecten poorly developed, anal pecten well developed, originating at wing base between 3 A and 1 A+ 2 A; remainder of dorsal surface without long setae. Male with 51 to 65 (2 n) setiform sex scales bordering marginal third of 3 A ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 9 – 12), apex of sex scale with at least 16 longitudinal ridges ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 9 – 12), sockets large relative to sockets of other wing scales; marginal third of 3 A in male thickened and appearing grooved; wing margin crimped near 3 A.

Abdomen: Male genitalia ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 6 – 8) with tegumen band-like, dorsally widened, with posterior margin inflected inwardly; uncus and socii absent; gnathos sclerotized basally, membranous apically; phallus 0.72–0.77 length of valva (4 n), sclerotized apex of phallus curved ventrally, ventral margin with 4–7 dentitions, dorsal margin unsclerotized from midlength to apex, forming elliptical opening, vesica with patch of 27–34 non-deciduous cornuti medially and 3–4 non-deciduous cornuti apically; anellus closely surrounding base of phallus; valva with deep, apically directed, ventral incurvation of neck, cucullus delimited by flange that widens dorsally, lower area of cucullus and neck without setae, costa densely setose except at base, sacculus with setose lobe on ventro-apical margin of basal opening. Ten preparations examined. Female genitalia ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 6 – 8) with sternum VII deeply excavated around ostium, with two parallel, lightly sclerotized ridges extending from posterolateral angles to anterior margin of segment, density of scales and setae increasing from anterior to posterior margins of sternum; tergum VIII densely setose on posterior margin, scales absent, anterior margin with two median projections; papillae anales with maximum width 0.31–0.36 the maximum length (5 n), bases of setae papillose, arranged in rows; lamella postvaginalis setose laterally and posteriorly, width at middle 0.58–0.68 length, with posterolateral angles weakly sclerotized, lateral margins slightly concave, anteromedial margin with triangular projection extending over ostium, anterolateral angles sharply pointed; lamella antevaginalis reduced and usually not evident; ductus bursae posteriorly with narrowly ovate, sinistral, sclerotized diverticulum (interpreted to be bulla seminalis), ductus seminalis arising from distal end of bulla seminalis, remainder of ductus bursae membranous; corpus bursae with small, rounded, membranous diverticulum near inception with ductus bursae, signa subequal in size, small, thornshaped. Eight preparations examined.

Holotype. ♂, Miss[issippi], Oktibbeha Co., 6 mi SW Starkville, 9 Mar 1986, R. L. & B. B. Brown; data are given as on label except for bracketed information; deposited in U. S. National Museum of Natural History on indefinite loan from Mississippi Entomological Museum, U.S. N.M. Type No. 76282.

Paratypes. ALABAMA: Baldwin Co., 13 mi SE Bay Minette, 20 Mar 1973, J. B. Heppner (13 ♂, genitalia slide JBH 453, 1♀); Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge, 30 ° 15 '09"N 87 ° 48 ' 50 "W, 14–17 Mar 1994, D. M. Pollock (1 ♀), 30 ° 14 ' 10 "N 87 ° 49 ' 49 "W, 14–18 Mar 1994, blacklight trap in hind dunes (3 ♂), 30 ° 14 ' 48 "N 87 ° 49 ' 45 "W, 15 Mar 1994, blacklight trap in oak-pine forest (1 ♂); 30 ° 13 ' 33 "N 87 ° 49 ' 51 "W, 28 Feb 2000, R. L. Brown, blacklight trap in foredunes (1 ♂); Gulf State Park, 30 ° 16 '00"N 87 ° 38 ' 19 "W, 12–13 Mar 1994, R. L. Brown (1 ♂); 1 mi E Oyster Bay, 30 ° 16 ' 57 "N 87 ° 42 ' 57 "W, 10–14 Mar 1990, R. L. Brown (1 ♂, 2 ♀). FLORIDA: Alachua Co., Gainesville, 11 Feb 1988, H. D. Baggett (1 ♂), 24 Feb 1988 (1 ♂), 17 Mar 1984, J.B. Heppner (1 ♂); 3 mi SW Gainesville, Archer Road Lab, 5 Mar 1973, J. B. Heppner (1 ♂, genitalia slide JAP 3816), 14 Mar 1973 (1 ♀, genitalia slide JBH 452), 28 Feb 1975 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 21 Feb 1976 (1 ♂), 29 Feb 1976 (1 ♂), 1 Mar 1976 (1 ♀), 2 Mar 1976 (1 ♂, 2 ♀), 11 Mar 1976 (2 ♀); 9 mi NW Gainesville, Univ. Fla. Hort. Unit, 2 Mar 1976, J.B. Heppner (9 ♂, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1122, 4♀, genitalia slides R. L. Brown 1119, 1121); 5 mi SE Alachua, San Felasco Hammock, 22 Feb 1975 (6 ♂, genitalia slide JBH 122, 11♀), 25 Mar 1988, H. D. Baggett (4 ♀), C. M. Stevens (3 ♀); Micanopy, Paynes Prairie State Preserve, 19 Mar 1986, D. Profant (2 ♀). Gulf Co., 6 mi SE Honeyville, 23 Mar 1973, J. B. Heppner (1 ♂). Highlands Co., Lake Placid, Archbold Biological Station, 19 Mar 1991, M. Deyrup, at main building fluorescent light (1 ♂). Hillsborough Co., Tampa, 14 Mar 1984, H. D. Baggett (2 ♂); Tampa, USF Ecology Area, 13 Mar 1991, W. L. Adair, Jr. (1 ♀). Liberty Co., Torreya St. Pk., 19 Mar 1974, J. B. Heppner, (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 30 Mar 1988, H. D. Baggett (1 ♀). Putnam Co., Welaka, Univ. Fla. Preserve (For. Cons. Sta.), 28 Mar 1987, H. D. Baggett (1 ♂, 5 ♀), 17–21 Mar 1986 (2 ♂, 1 ♀); Palatka, 2 Feb 1990, H. D. Baggett (1 ♂), 7 Feb 1990 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 8 Feb 1990 (2 ♂), 9 Feb 1990 (1 ♂, 2 ♀), 10 Feb 1990 (1 ♀), 11 Feb 1990 (7 ♂), 13 Feb 1990 (1 ♀), 15 Feb. 1990 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 28 Feb 1990 (1 ♂), 30 Jan 1991 (1 ♂), 4 Feb 1991 (1 ♂), 21 Feb 1991 (1 ♀), 22 Feb 1991 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 23 Feb 1991 (1 ♀), 25 Feb 1991 (2 ♂), 26 Feb 1991 (1 ♂), 27 Feb 1991 (2 ♂), 28 Feb 1991 (1 ♂), 7 Mar 1991 (4 ♂), 18 Mar 1991, (3 ♂, 1 ♀), 24 Mar 1991 (1 ♂), 1 Apr 1991 (1 ♂), 14 Feb 1992 (1 ♂), 21 Feb 1992 (1 ♀), 2 Mar 1993 (1 ♂), 10 Mar 1993 (1 ♀). Santa Rosa Co., FAMU Field Station nr. Holt, 16–17 Mar 1989, J. B. Heppner (1 ♂, 1 ♀). Sumter Co., Richloam Wildlife Management Area, 20 Feb 1991, W. L. Adair, Jr. (1 ♂, 3 ♀). LOUISIANA: East Baton Rouge Parish, Baton Rouge, 5 Mar 1970, G. Strickland (1 ♀, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1171), 1 Mar 1972 (1 ♂). St Tammany Parish, 4.2 mi NE Abita Springs, T 6 S, R 12 E, Sec 24, 18 Mar 1983, V. A. Brou (2 ♂), 23 Mar 1983 (1 ♂), 24 Mar 1983 (1 ♀), 17 Mar 1984 (1 ♂), 19 Mar 1984 (1 ♂), 23 Mar 1984 (1 ♂), 2 Sep 1984 [questionable date; no other records after April] (1 ♂), 1 Mar 1985 (1 ♂), 6 Mar 1985 (1 ♂), 9 Mar 1985 (1 ♀), 15 Mar 1985 (1 ♂), 9 Mar 1986 (3 ♂, 1 ♀), 16 Mar 1986 (4 ♂, 2 ♀). ILLINOIS: Putnam Co., 4 May 1950, M. O. Glenn (1 ♂, genitalia slide USNM 17856). MARYLAND: Dorchester Co., 3 mi E Hurlock, 12 Apr 2001, J. Glaser; DNA-ATBI specimen nos. 6438–6442 (4 ♂, 1 ♀). MISSISSIPPI: Forrest Co., Ragland Hills, T 3 N, R 12 W, Sec. 24 N, 13 Mar 1991, D. M. Pollock (4 ♂). Issaquena Co., 2 mi E Tallulah, LA, 17–26 Mar 1996, R. Kergosien (1 ♂), 15 Feb – 19 Apr 1997 (2 ♂). Harrison Co., Long Beach, 7 Mar 1991, R. Kergosien (1 ♂), 20 Mar 1991 (1 ♀). Lowndes Co., T 17 N, R 16 E, Sec. 5, 12 Mar 1990, D. M. Pollock (2 ♂); T 17 N, R 16 E, Sec. 34, 13 Apr 1994, D. M. Pollock (1 ♂), 10 Apr 1995 (1 ♂); Hwy 82 x 45 Alt., 33 ° 29 ' 17 "N 88 ° 39 ' 38 "W, 11 Apr 1994, T. Schiefer, D. Pollock (1 ♀). Noxubee Co., Noxubee N. W. Ref., 33 ° 15 ' 53 "N 88 ° 44 ' 16 "W, 14 Apr 1993, D. M. Pollock (3 ♂, 3 ♀). Oktibbeha Co., [Osborn Prairie], T 19 N, R 15 E, Sec. 16, 10 Mar 1990, D. M. Pollock (5 ♂), 23 Mar 1990 (2 ♂), 20 Mar 1991 (2 ♂), 6–12 Apr 1993 (1 ♂), 13 Apr 1994 (1 ♂); Dorman Lake, 10 Apr 1981, R. L. Brown (1 ♂, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1124, 1♀, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1125), 6 mi SW Starkville, 3 Mar 1985, R. L. & B. B. Brown (1 ♂), 19 Mar 1985 (4 ♂, 1 ♀), 28 Mar 1985 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 9 Mar 1986 (12 ♂), 11 Mar 1986 (4 ♂, 4 ♀, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1547), 24 Mar 1986 (9 ♂, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1546, 1♀), 31 Mar 1986 (1 ♂, 2 ♀, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1554), 25 Mar 1987 (19 ♂, 1 ♀), 12 Apr 1987 (5 ♂), 18 Apr 1987 (2 ♂); T 18 N, R 14 E, Sec 23, 28 Mar 1988, R. L. Brown (1 ♂), 3 Apr 1988 (1 ♀), 4 Apr 1988 (1 ♂). Stone Co., Sweetbay Bogs, T 2 S, R 13 W, Sec. 34 SW, 12 Mar 1991, D. M. Pollock (13 ♂). Tishomingo Co., Tishomingo State Park, 8 Apr 1988, R. L. Brown, (3 ♂); J. P. Coleman State Park, 11 Mar – 7 Apr 1995, R. Kergosien (1 ♂). Wilkinson Co., Centreville, 12 Mar 1972, G. Strickland (4 ♀, genitalia slide R. L. Brown 1123). Winston Co., Tombigbee Natl. Forest, 33 ° 13 '01"N 89 °05' 42 "W, 18 Mar 1999, J. A. MacGown (12 ♂), D. M. Pollock (7 ♂, 1 ♀); 33 ° 10 ' 20 "N 89 °03' 55 "W, 23 Mar 1999, J. A. MacGown (1 ♀), 33 ° 12 ' 53 "N 89 °06' 10 "W, 23 Mar 1999, J. A. MacGown (13 ♂, 1 ♀), D. M. Pollock (1 ♂). MISSOURI: Boone Co., Columbia, Apr 12 1977, W. S. Craig (1 ♂, genitalia slide L. K. Miller 1125772). NEW JERSEY: Ocean Co., Lakehurst, 6 May 1962, R. W. Hodges (23 ♂, genitalia slides USNM 22799, 17663). NORTH CAROLINA: Craven Co., Croatan, Rd. 147, 25 Mar 2002, J. B. Sullivan (1 ♂). SOUTH CAROLINA: Georgetown Co., McClellanville, Wedge Plantation, 18 Mar 1968, R. W. Hodges (2 ♂), 20 Mar 1968 (1 ♂), 21 Mar 1968 (3 ♂, genitalia slide USNM 17855, 1♀), 22 Mar 1968 (3 ♂). Greenville Co., Caesar's Head State Park, 20–22 Apr 1988, J.B. Heppner (1 ♂). TEXAS: Anderson Co., Engeling Wildlife Refuge, 14 Mar 1983, E. C. Knudson (2 ♂), 15 Mar 1983 (4 ♂). Harris Co., Bellaire, 5 Mar 1985, E. C. Knudson (1 ♂, genitalia and wing slide ECK 1177), 26 Feb 1986 (1 ♂), 27 Feb 1986 (3 ♀, genitalia slide ECK 1306), 28 Feb 1986 (1 ♂, 1 ♀), 1 Mar 1986 (1 ♂, 1 ♀). Harrison Co., Caddo Lake State Park, 6 Apr 1986, E. C. Knudson (1 ♀). Jasper Co., Martin Dies Jr. State Park, 5 Mar 1986, E. C. Knudson (3 ♂, 1 ♀). Morris Co, Daingerfield State Park, 23 Apr 1985, E. Knudson (1 ♀). VIRGINIA: Fairfax Co., Alexandria, Rose Hill, 16 Apr 1976, P. A. Opler (1 ♂, genitalia slide USNM 17854). Paratypes are deposited in collections of Vernon A. Brou (Abita Springs, LA), California Academy of Sciences, Canadian National Collection, University of Florida McGuire Center for Lepidoptera, Edward C. Knudson  (Bellaire, TX), Mississippi Entomological Museum, University of California, Berkeley, and U. S. National Museum of Natural History.

Hosts. The larva probably feeds on one or more species of Pinus  L., in cones, under bark, or other part of the host. The presence of orange scales on the forewing is characteristic of olethreutine species that feed on Pinus  , e.g., Rhyacionia Hübner  , Retinia Guenée  , and others. Related species of Cydia  with similar genitalia feed on Pinus  . Species of Pinus  are present at all localities where specimens of C. marita  have been collected, and this species has not been collected in localities lacking Pinus  .

Variation. Specimens from Alachua Co., Florida have forewings ranging in length from 4.8 to 7.9 mm. All other examined specimens have forewings ranging in length from 4.4 to 6.2 mm. The latero-anterior angles of the female lamella postvaginalis are pointed more sharply and are more elongate in some individuals. Apparent variation in sharpness of the ventral angle of cucullus is due to inclination of the valve on the slide mount. Variations in genitalia are not correlated with different lengths of forewings.

Etymology. The name “ marita  " is Latin and refers to the marriage ceremony at the type locality of the two collectors.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NEW

University of Newcastle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Tortricidae

Genus

Cydia