Gunda Walker, 1862

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua, 2015, The fauna of the family Bombycidae sensu lato (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea) from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hainan Islands, Zootaxa 3989 (1), pp. 1-138: 15

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9BCFFC47-43D1-47B8-BA56-70A129E6A63F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB102D-FFB8-CE1F-A2B5-1DB4F5C2A38E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gunda Walker, 1862
status

 

II. Gunda Walker, 1862  ( FIGURES 4–5View FIGURE 4View FIGURE 5)

Gunda Walker, 1862  , J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 6: 176. Type species: Gunda ochracea Walker, 1862  , by monotypy. Norasuma Moore, 1872  , Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872: 575. Type species: Norasuma javanica Moore, 1872  , by monotypy. Aristhala Moore, 1878, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878: 704. Type species: Aristhala hainana Moore, 1878, by monotypy. Clenora Swinhoe, 1899  , Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 3 (7): 109. Type species: Clenora engonata Swinhoe, 1899  , by monotypy.

Synonymized by Holloway (1987).

Clenera  ; West, 1932, Novit. zool., 37: 215. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Clenora Swinhoe, 1899  . Hanisa Moore, 1879  , Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879: 406. Type species: Bombyx subnotata Walker, 1859  , by monotypy. Synonymized by Holloway (1987).

Diagnosis. Characterized by the following features: wings reddish-brown, yellowish-brown or dark brown; forewing with M 1 and R stalked, M stem clearly visible in discal cell; 2 A of hindwing basally forked; tornus of hindwing usually with a prominent recurved tooth; uncus bifid; valvae hooked with apex produced into 2–3 teeth; shape and ornamentation of sternum VIII highly diagnostic. The sexual dimorphism is obvious, with the female larger and paler than the male..

Distribution. Oriental and SE Palaearctic Regions.

Remarks. Roepke (1924) illustrated the larva of G. proxima  as having the thoracic segments strongly swollen as in Bombyx  . Holloway (1987) reported that Mell described the early stages of G. engonata ( Swinhoe, 1899)  in an unpublished manuscript. In this paper, three Gunda  species are recorded from China (Map 12).

Map 2. Distribution of Gunda  spp. mainly in China.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Bombycidae

Loc

Gunda Walker, 1862

Wang, Xing, Wang, Min, Zolotuhin, Vadim V., Hirowatari, Toshiya, Wu, Shipher & Huang, Guo-Hua 2015
2015
Loc

Clenora

Swinhoe 1899
1899
Loc

Clenora engonata

Swinhoe 1899
1899
Loc

Clenora

Swinhoe 1899
1899
Loc

Hanisa

Moore 1879
1879
Loc

Norasuma

Moore 1872
1872
Loc

Norasuma javanica

Moore 1872
1872
Loc

Gunda

Walker 1862
1862
Loc

Gunda ochracea

Walker 1862
1862
Loc

Bombyx subnotata

Walker 1859
1859