Euschoengastia jamesoni (Brennan)

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M., 2007, Ectoparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, Zootaxa 1392, pp. 31-68: 58-59

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273680

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1BA23B6E-F96B-495C-B0C5-0AC99413D0C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E5278780-FFF6-FFD5-FF3B-5D83FBB9FAC2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Euschoengastia jamesoni (Brennan)
status

 

Euschoengastia jamesoni (Brennan) 

Ex Sorex fumeus  (smoky shrew): NC, Swain Co., Long Branch, 12 Nov. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 3032.

Euschoengastia jamesoni  is a parasite of insectivores in the Appalachians and the attachment sites of this mite often appear as depressed lesions (Reeves et al 2004 b).

Euschoengastia peromysci (Ewing) 

Ex Blarina brevicauda  (northern short­tailed shrew): 18 L, TN, Sevier Co., Fish Camp Prong, 18 Nov. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 2985.

Ex Myodes gapperi  (northern red­backed vole): NC, Swain Co., Clingman’s Dome, 14 May 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2996; 1 L, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 3 Jun. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2975; 2 L, TN, Sevier Co., Chimney Tops Trail, 13 May 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2995; NC, Swain Co., Noland Divide, 16 Nov. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3035; 1 L, TN, Sevier Co., Brushy Mount, 9 Apr. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2993; ~ 50 L, TN, Sevier Co., Mt. Collins, 22 Apr. 2001, E. B. Pivorun & S. M. Miller, L­ 2973.

Ex Glaucomys sabrinus  (northern flying squirrel): TN, Sevier Co., Little Pigeon, West Prong, 22 Aug. 1953, E. V. Komarek, L­ 3011.

Ex Microtus chrotorrhinus  (rock vole): GSMNP (as Neoschoengastia signator  ) (Komarek & Komarek 1938); 4 L, TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 13 May 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2990; TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 16 Oct. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 3034. Ex Synaptomys cooperi  (southern bog lemming): ~ 30 L, NC, Swain Co., Andrew’s Bald, 9 Sep. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2989.

Ex Peromyscus leucopus  (white­footed mouse): 12 L, TN, Sevier Co., Twin Creeks, 11 Mar. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2987.

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse): TN, Cocke Co., Cosby, 21 Jan. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3010; 2 L, TN, Sevier Co., Roaring Fork Creek, 19 Feb. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2999; TN, Sevier Co., Twin Creeks, 10 Mar. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3005; TN, Sevier Co., 20 Nov. 2002, K. Walters.

Ex Sorex cinereus  (masked shrew): NC, Swain Co., Clingman’s Dome, 16 Nov. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3033.

Ex Tamiasciurus hudsonicus  (eastern red squirrel): NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 30 Sep. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 3031.

Euschoengastia peromysci  has a wide host distribution and this chigger ranges from high elevations in the Appalachians to the coastal plan (Reeves et al. 2004 b).

Euschoengastia pipistrelli Brennan 

Ex Myotis septentrionalis (northern myotis): 12 L, TN, Blount Co., Gregory’s Cave, Jun. 2002, L­ 2933 (Reeves 2000); ~ 40 L, TN, Blount Co., Whiteoak Sinks, 21 Jun. 2002, TN Tech Univ. group, L­ 2939.

Ex Pipistrellus subflavus  (eastern pipistrelle): 1 L, TN, Blount Co., Gregory’s Cave, Sep. 1999, W. K. Reeves, L­ 3021 (Reeves 2000); 1 L, TN, Blount Co., Whiteoak Saltpeter Cave, Sep. 1999, W. K. Reeves, L­ 3022 (Reeves 2000).

These chiggers were primarily removed from the ears and faces of bats that were roosting in caves (Reeves 2000).

Euschoengastia setosa (Ewing) 

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse): 1 L, TN, Sevier Co., 20 Nov. 2002, K. Walters.

Ex Tamiasciurus hudsonicus  (eastern red squirrel): 1 L, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 30 Sep. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 3031.

Euschoengastia setosa  is primarily an ectoparasite of small rodents, such as Peromyscus  spp., and lagomorphs (e.g. Whitaker & Loomis 1978).

Eutrombicula  sp.

Ex Sceloporus undulatus  (eastern fence lizard): 1 L, TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 8 Jul. 1986, W. King, L­ 3028. Eutrombicula alfreddugesi (Oudemans) 

Ex Eumeces fasciatus  (5 ­lined skink): 5 L, TN, Blount Co., Parson Branch, 8 Sep. 1987, W. King, L­ 3029. Ex Sceloporus undulatus  (eastern fence lizard): 5 L, TN: Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 8 Jul. 1986, W. King, L­ 3027.

Eutrombicula alfreddugesi  infests birds, reptiles, and mammals throughout the southeastern United States (Crossley & Proctor 1971, Reeves et al 2004 b)

Eutrombicula splendens (Ewing) 

Ex Homo sapiens  (human): 1 L, NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee/Ravensford, 1 Sep. 2002, W. K. Reeves, L­ 3026.

Like the previous species, this chigger parasitizes several species of vertebrates and can be a pest to humans (Reeves et al. 2004 b).

Fonsecia palmella Brennan & Loomis 

Ex Eumeces laticeps  (broad­headed skink): Several L, TN, Sevier Co., Pittman Ctr., 8 Sep. 1997. G. D. Shultz. L­ 3030.

Larvae of F. palmella  are ectoparasites of birds and occasionally reptiles and mammals (Reeves et al. 2004 b).

Leptotrombidium peromysci Vercammen­Grandjean & Langston 

Ex Microtus chrotorrhinus  (rock vole): 2 L, NC, Swain Co., Clingman’s Dome, 13 May 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2990.

This is a common chigger of small mammals, especially rodents, in the southeastern United States (Durden et al. 1997 b). In Asia and the Pacific region, chiggers in the genus Leptotrombidium  transmit the causative agent of scrub typhus.

Neotrombicula whartoni (Ewing) 

Ex Glaucomys volans  (southern flying squirrel): 1 L, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 20 Oct. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3036.

Larvae of Neotrombicula whartoni  primarily parasitize birds, rodents and lagomorphs in North America (Crossley & Proctor 1971, Whitaker & Loomis 1978, Reeves et al. 2004 b).

GSMNP

Great Smoky Mountains National Park