Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M., 2007, Ectoparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, Zootaxa 1392, pp. 31-68: 38-40

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273680

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1BA23B6E-F96B-495C-B0C5-0AC99413D0C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E5278780-FFEA-FFC0-FF3B-5A79FD01FB12

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)
status

 

Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)  — chicken flea

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse) nest: 1 M, 2 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Creek, 23 Jul. 2002, W. K. Reeves, L­ 3002 (Nelder et al. 2005).

Although the chicken flea has been introduced from Europe to various parts of the world along with its domesticated host, in North America, it is primarily found in the northern United States and the above record represents a significant range extension ( Benton 1980, Nelder et al. 2005). Ceratophyllus vison Baker 

Ex Tamiasciurus hudsonicus  (red squirrel): 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 4 Nov. 2000, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2956; 1 M, 3 F, TN, Sevier Co., Mount Le Conte, 14 Jun. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3048; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Indian Gap, 1 Oct. 2001, K. Walters.

Ex squirrel nest: 2 M, 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 5 May 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Tamias striatus  (eastern chipmunk): 1 F, NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee, 5 Jun. 2002, W. K. Reeves, L­ 2932.

This flea is a relatively host­specific ectoparasite of the red squirrel and it mainly occurs in boreal North America (Durden & Kollars 1997). Nevertheless, it occurs in the Park at higher elevations where the climate and vegetation resemble those of more northern regions. The above record from an eastern chipmunk is atypical.

Opisodasys pseudarctomys ( Baker) 

Ex Glaucomys volans  (southern flying squirrel): 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 20 Oct. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3036.

Although this is a largely boreal flea species associated with sciurids (flying squirrels), there are a few records from southern U.S. states including Tennessee and Florida ( Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997). This is the first record of this flea from NC and the Park. Soneshine et al (1978) did not examine O. pseudarctomys  as a potential vector of the agent of epidemic typhus to flying squirrels, but this flea could be involved with transmission of Rickettsia  .

Orchopeas howardi ( Baker)  —squirrel flea

Ex bird nest: 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 23 May 2003, W. K. Reeves, L­ 3071; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Cataloochee, 3 May 2002, W. K. Reeves, L­ 2935.

Ex Sciurus carolinensis  (gray squirrel): TN, Sevier Co., Route 441, 2,000 ft., “Dec.” ( Linzey & Linzey 1973, Durden & Kollars, 1997); 2 F, TN, Sevier Co., Sugarlands on US 441, 19 Dec. 2005, W.K. Reeves, L­ 3329.

Ex Tamiasciurus hudsonicus  (red squirrel): 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 4 Nov. 2000, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2956.

Ex pitfall trap: 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 4–21 Dec. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen.

Ex squirrel nest: “Many inds.,” TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 5 May 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Orchopeas howardi  is a widespread flea associated with Nearctic tree squirrels that is especially common in the eastern United States (Durden & Kollars 1997). As one of the above records indicates, O. howardi  can infest bird nests. This flea has been implicated in the transmission of Rickettsia prowazekii  from flying squirrels to humans (Soneshine et al. 1978; Bozeman et al. 1981) and was recently associated with uncultured Rickettsia  sp. and Bartonella  sp. genotypes ( Reeves et al. 2005 b). Durden et al. (2004) reported two additional genotypes of Bartonella  from this flea.

Orchopeas leucopus ( Baker) 

Ex Microtus  sp. (listed as M. montanus  which might have been M. gapperi  ); 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Mount Le Conte, 12 Apr. 1931, R. L. Boke ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Ochrotomys nuttalli  (golden mouse): TN, Sevier Co., near Cosby, 1964–1966 ( Linzey 1968; Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Peromyscus leucopus  (white­footed mouse): 2 F, NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee, no date given, R. L. Boke ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 18 Apr. 1931 ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, C.C.C. Barracks, 15 May 1949, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); 8 F, TN, Sevier Co., Chilhowee Mountains, Hickman cabin, 16 Oct. 1949, A. C. Cole & D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 F, TN, Blount Co., Abrams Creek, 12 Dec. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 3289.

Ex Peromyscus leucopus  (white­footed mouse) nest: “Many inds.,” TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, Hiking Club cabin, 5 May 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse): GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Cataloochee, 8 May 2000, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2962; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 7 Apr. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2960; 1 M, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 7 Apr. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2961; 1 M, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 12 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2943; 2 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Creek, 12 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2944; 2 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 20 Nov. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3037; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Cataloochee, 12 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2945, RML 123123; 4 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Creek, 13 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2947; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 15 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2946; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 21 Apr. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2998; 1 M, NC, Swain, Oconaluftee, 28 Feb. 2000, E. Pivorun; NC, Swain Co., Mingus Creek, 23 Feb. 2000, E. Pivorun; 1 M, 2 F, TN, Sevier Co., Chimneys Tops Trail, 2 Jun. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 2951; 1 F, TN, Blount Co., Long Branch, 13 Jan. 2000, E. Pivorun; 1 M, TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 9 Jan. 2000, E. Pivorun; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 24 Aug. 2002, K. Walters; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Mt. Le Conte, date not provided, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2954; 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Mt. Le Conte, 14 Jun. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3044; 1 M, 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 18 Nov. 2001, K. Walters.

Ex pitfall trap: 1 F, NC, Swain Co., Andrews Bald, 3–18 Jul. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Albright Grove, 24 Aug.– 13 Sep. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 4 Oct.– 18 Nov. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 27 Sep.– 16 Oct. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 15 Oct.– 21 Nov. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Indian Gap, 27 Apr.– 10 May 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen.

This widely distributed Nearctic flea of Peromyscus  spp. and O. nuttalli (Durden & Kollars 1997)  is widespread in the Park. The record from a vole is atypical.

Orchopeas pennsylvanicus  ( Jordan)

Ex Neotoma magister  (Allegheny woodrat): 1 F, TN, Blount Co., Gregory’s Cave, 2 Feb. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2953.

Ex Neotoma magister  (Allegheny woodrat) nest: 2 M, 3 F, TN, Blount Co., the Sinks, 17 Oct. 1949, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

This flea parasitizes woodrats ( Neotoma  ) in the eastern and central United States including Tennessee (Durden & Kollars 1997, Durden et al. 1997 b).

GSMNP

Great Smoky Mountains National Park