Philopteridae

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M., 2007, Ectoparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, Zootaxa 1392, pp. 31-68: 36-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273680

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1BA23B6E-F96B-495C-B0C5-0AC99413D0C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E5278780-FFE8-FFCF-FF3B-5D83FBC4FCE2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Philopteridae
status

 

Family Philopteridae 

All philopterid chewing lice are ectoparasites of birds and some are vectors of filarial nematodes ( Seegar et al.

1976).

Brueelia brunneinucha Cicchino 

Ex Dumetella carolinensis  (gray catbird): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 10 Jul. 2004, P. Super; NC,

Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 14 May 2005, P. Super; NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee, 4 Jul. 2001, P. Super. Price et al. (2003) list eight hosts for B. brunneinucha  including D. carolinensis  .

Brueelia pallidula (Piaget) 

Ex. Pheucticus ludovicianus  (rose­breasted grossbeak): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 23 Jun. 2006, P.

Super.

Pheucticus ludovicianus  is the type host for B. pallidula ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Brueelia vulgata (Kellogg) 

Ex Junco hyemalis  (dark­eyed junco  ): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 16 Jul. 2002, P. Super. Junco hyemalis  is the type host for B. vulgata ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Brueelia  sp.

Ex Catharus fuscescens  (veery): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 6 Jul. 2002, P. Super. According to Price et al. (2003), Brueelia  spp. are not known to parasitize C. fuscescens  . These speci­

mens represent either stragglers (short­term infestation of an atypical host species) or undescribed species.

Chelopistes meleagridis  (L.)—large turkey louse

Ex Meleagris gallopavo  (wild turkey): TN, Blount Co., Cades Cove, 23 Jun. 2001, P. Super. The large turkey louse can be common on both domestic and wild turkeys (Durden 2002).

Cuculicola coccygii (Osborn) 

Ex Coccyzus americanus  (yellow­billed cuckoo): TN, Sevier Co., Gatlinburg, 11 Jul. 1963, Unknown. Coccyzus americanus  is the type host for C. coccygii ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Fulicoffula longipila (Kellogg) 

Ex Fulica americana  (American coot): TN, Sevier Co., Gatlinburg Trail, 19 Feb. 2006, P. Super. Fulica americana  is the type host of F. longipila ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Oxylipeurus clavatus (McGregor) 

Ex Colinus virginianus  (northern bobwhite): NC, Haywood Co., Big Creek, 25 May 1959, Unknown. Colinus virginianus  is the type host for O. clavatus ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Philopterus fuscoventralis (Osborn) 

Ex Contopus virens  (eastern wood­pewee): TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 7 Jun. 2002, P. Super. The eastern wood­pewee is the type host for this louse ( Price et al. 2003).

Philopterus sialli (Osborn) 

Ex Sialia sialis  (eastern bluebird) nest box: 2 M, 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 29 May 2003, W. K.

Reeves, L­ 3076; TN, Blount Co., Cades Cove, 19 Jul. 2001, P. Super. This louse is a host­specific ectoparasite of the eastern bluebird in North America ( Price et al. 2003).

Philopterus  spp.

Ex Cardinalis cardinalis (Cardinal): NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee, 14 May 2005, P. Super; TN, Blount Co., 9

Jun. 2001, Tremont P. Super.

Ex Baeolophus bicolor  (tufted titmouse): TN, Blount Co., Cades Cove, 19 Jun. 2001, P. Super.

Ex Junco hyemalis  (dark­eyed junco  ): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 3 Jun. 2004, P. Super.

Ex Thryothorus ludovicianus  ( Carolina  wren): TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 11 Jul. 2002, P. Super.

According to Price et al. (2003), Philopterus  spp. are not known to parasitize these birds. These specimens represent either stragglers (short­term infestation of an atypical host species) or undescribed species. Peters (1928) reported Philopterus subflavescens (Geoffroy)  from both Junco hyemalis  and Cardinalis cardinalis, but Philopterus subflavescens  was not included in the world checklist by Price et al. (2003). Picicola foedus (Kellogg and Chapman) 

Ex Sayornis phoebe  (eastern phoebe  ): TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 7 Jul. 2002, P. Super; TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 19 Jul. 2002, P. Super.

Picicola foedus  has been recorded from several species of tyrannid birds in the New World including Sayornis phoebe ( Price et al. 2003)  .

Sturnidoecus simplex (Kellogg) 

Ex Turdus migratorius  (American robin): NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 29 May 2006, P. Super; NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 14 Apr. 2006, P. Super; NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 11 Jul. 2006, P. Super

Sturnidoecus simplex  is an ectoparasite of the American robin ( Price et al. 2003).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Phthiraptera

Family

Philopteridae

Loc

Philopteridae

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M. 2007
2007
Loc

B. pallidula (

Price et al. 2003
2003
Loc

B. vulgata (

Price et al. 2003
2003
Loc

C. coccygii (

Price et al. 2003
2003
Loc

F. longipila (

Price et al. 2003
2003
Loc

O . clavatus (

Price et al. 2003
2003
Loc

Sayornis phoebe (

Price et al. 2003
2003