Catallagia borealis Ewing

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M., 2007, Ectoparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, Zootaxa 1392, pp. 31-68: 40-42

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273680

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1BA23B6E-F96B-495C-B0C5-0AC99413D0C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E5278780-FFE4-FFC2-FF3B-5933FE6DFC2A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Catallagia borealis Ewing
status

 

Catallagia borealis Ewing 

Ex Myodes gapperi  (southern red­backed vole): GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997).

This is a vole flea with boreal affinities in North America although its range extends southwards at higher elevations along the Appalachians (Durden & Kollars 1997).

Catallagia  new species

Ex Myodes gapperi  (southern red­backed vole): 3 M, NC, Swain Co., Noland Divide, 16 Nov. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3038.

This undescribed flea has been collected from voles at high elevations in the Park. It will be described in a separate paper by R. P. Eckerlin (who has collected additional specimens) and L. A. Durden. Corrodopsylla curvata (Rothschild) 

Ex pitfall trap: 2 M, TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 1–30 Aug. 2002, Parker, Stocks, & Petersen.

Corrodopsylla curvata  is primarily a flea of shrews. This is a new Park and state record. Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes Baker 

Ex Blarina brevicauda  (northern short­tailed shrew): 2 M, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, K. Walters, Nov. 2001, L­ 2984.

Ex Myodes gapperi  (southern red­backed vole): GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 F, NC, Swain Co., Clingman’s Dome, 14 May 2002, K. Walters, L­ 2996; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Andrews Bald, 10–12 Sept. 1999, D. Linzey.

Ex Microtus chrotorrhinus  (rock vole): NC, Swain Co., Kanati Fork, along Route 441, 2800 ft., “Dec.” ( Linzey & Linzey 1973, Benton 1980); 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Clingman’s Dome, 3 Jun. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2950.

Ex Microtus  sp. (listed as M. montanus  which may have been M. gapperi  ): 3 F, NC, Swain Co., Oconaluftee, 18 Apr. 1931, R. L. Boke ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980).

Ex Ochrotomys nuttalli  (golden mouse): TN, Sevier Co., near Cosby, 1964–1966 ( Linzey 1968; Linzey & Linzey 1968, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Parascalops breweri  (hairy­tailed mole): 1 F, 1 M, TN, Blount Co., Tremont, 18 May 2001, P. Super; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 16 Nov. 2001, K. Walters, L­ 2980.

Ex pitfall trap: 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Twin Creeks, 30 Sep.– 5 Nov. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen.

Ex Rattus norvegicus  ( Norway rat): TN, Sevier Co., Little River Rd., 0.8 miles West of Elkmont turnoff, 27 Dec. 2003, K. Langdon, L­ 3285.

This small­mammal flea is common and widely distributed in the Park and in most eastern U.S. states ( Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Doratopsylla blarinae Fox 

Ex Blarina brevicauda  (northern short­tailed shrew): 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, K. Walters, Nov. 2001, L­ 2984.

Ex Ochrotomys nuttalli  (golden mouse): TN, Sevier Co., near Cosby, 1964–1966 ( Linzey 1968; Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Host not stated: TN, Sevier Co. ( Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

This flea is a relatively host­specific ectoparasite of Blarina  spp., short­tailed shrews, in the eastern United States ( Whitaker et al. 1994, Durden & Kollars, 1997). The above record from a golden mouse represents an atypical host.

Epitedia cavernicola Traub 

Ex Neotoma magister  (Allegheny woodrat) nest: 5 M, 7 F, TN, Blount Co., the Sinks, 17 Oct. 1949, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

This nidicolous (nest­associated) flea is a parasite of woodrats in the eastern U.S. and is typically collected during the cooler months (Durden & Kollars 1997, Durden et al. 1997 b).

Epitedia wenmanni (Rothschild) 

Ex Blarina brevicauda  (northern short­tailed shrew): 2 M, TN, Sevier, Greenbrier, 18 Apr. 1931, R. L. Boke ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Trillium Gap, 27 Oct. 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Myodes gapperi  (southern red­backed vole): 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Noland Divide, 22 Apr. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2958; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Cataloochee, 8 May 2000, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2962; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 7 Apr. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2960; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Creek, 12 May 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2944; 2 F, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 2 Jun. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2949; 1 M, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, E. B. Pivorun, 7 Apr. 2001, L­ 2961.

Ex Napaeozapus insignis  (woodland jumping mouse): 1 M, NC, Swain Co., Indian Gap, 3 Jun. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2948.

Ex Ochrotomys nuttalli  (golden mouse): TN, Sevier Co., near Cosby, 1964–1966 ( Linzey 1968; Linzey & Linzey 1968, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Ochrotomys nuttalli  (golden mouse) nest: 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 27 Oct. 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse): GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997); 1 F, TN, Blount Co., Long Branch, 13 Jan. 2000, E. Pivorun; 4 F, 2 M, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 19 Nov. 2001, K. Walters; 1 F, TN, Sevier Co., Little Laurel Branch, 7 Apr. 2000, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 2959; 1 F, TN, Long Branch, 13 Dec. 2001, E. B. Pivorun, L­ 3287; 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Mt. Le Conte, 15 Jun. 2002, K. Walters, L­ 3045. pitfall trap: 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Cataloochee, 15 Mar.– 10 May 2003, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, 1–15 Mar, 2003, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Brushy Mtn., 15–30 Nov. 2000, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Albright Cove, Aug.–Sep. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen, L­ 2934; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Albright Gove, 6–19 Nov. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 3 F, 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 6 Nov.– 21 Dec 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 1–13 Dec. 2000, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 17–31 Dec. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 6 May – 5 Jun. 2002, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 M, TN, Cocke Co., Snakeden Ridge, 3–25 Apr. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 1 F, 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 19 Feb.– 28 Mar. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 4 M, TN, Sevier Co., Goshen Prong, 11 Dec. 2000 – 31 Jan 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen; 2 M, TN, Sevier Co., Twin Creeks, 18 Feb.– 16 Mar. 2001, Parker, Stocks, Petersen.

Ex mouse nest: “many inds.,” TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 5 May 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 4 Jul. 1946, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Epitedia wenmanni  was the most frequently collected flea in the Park; it is widely distributed in the eastern USA (Durden & Kollars 1997).

Stenoponia americana ( Baker) 

Ex Peromyscus maniculatus  (deer mouse): 1 M, TN, Sevier Co., Greenbrier, 18 Apr. 1931, R. L. Boke ( Fox 1940, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997); GSMNP ( Linzey & Linzey 1968, Durden & Kollars 1997).

This large Nearctic flea parasitizes small mammals, especially Peromyscus  and Microtus  spp., east of the Great Plains ( Lewis 1974).

GSMNP

Great Smoky Mountains National Park