Ctenocephalides canis

Reeves, Will K., Durden, Lance A., Ritzi, Christopher M., Beckham, Katy R., Super, Paul E & Oconnor, Barry M., 2007, Ectoparasites and other ectosymbiotic arthropods of vertebrates in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, Zootaxa 1392, pp. 31-68: 44

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273680

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scientific name

Ctenocephalides canis


Ctenocephalides canis  Curtis—dog flea

Ex Canis lupus  (domestic dog): 3 M, 16 F, NC, Haywood Co., Purchase Knob, W. K. Reeves, 31 Jul. 2003, L­ 3089.

The above record appears to be the first from the Park for this cosmopolitan flea of domestic dogs and some other canids (Durden & Kollars 1997). The dog flea is an intermediate host for the double pored dog tapeworm (Durden & Traub 2002). Parola et al. (2003) reported novel genotypes of Rickettsia  , from the dog flea.

Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché)  —cat flea

Ex Felis  silvestris (catus) (domestic/feral cat): TN, Blount Co., 23 Nov. 1947, D. W. Pfitzer (Pfitzer 1950, Benton 1980, Durden & Kollars 1997).

Ex Homo sapiens  (human): TN, Blount Co., near Elkmont, 15 Jan. 2005, M. McCaroll.

Like the previous species, this flea has a cosmopolitan distribution. Ctenocephalides felis  is more common than C. canis  in most regions and parasitizes several mammalian species such as cats, dogs, humans, and Virginia opossums (Durden & Kollars 1997). The cat flea is a potential vector or intermediate host of Acanthocheilonema reconditum  , Bartonella henselae  , Bartonella koehlerae  , Bartonella quintana, Dipylidium  caninum, Rickettsia felis  , Rickettsia  sp. RF 2125, Rickettsia  sp. RF 31, and Rickettsia typhi  (Durden & Traub 2002; Reeves et al. 2005 b; Rolain et al. 2005).