Linguimaera daveyi , Hughes, Lauren E., 2016

Hughes, Lauren E., 2016, New genera, species and records of Maeridae from Australian Waters: Austromaera, Ceradocus, Glossomaera, Hamimaera, Huonella gen. nov., Linguimaera and Maeraceterus gen. nov. (Crustacea: Amphi, Zootaxa 4115 (1), pp. 1-81: 46-54

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4115.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C0CF41A3-40FB-428E-8933-02115AB0F6E3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D8297B13-4D0A-5A6D-65AF-3AA9FA3AFE37

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Linguimaera daveyi
status

sp. nov.

Linguimaera daveyi  sp. nov.

( Figs 35–38View FIGURE 35View FIGURE 36View FIGURE 37View FIGURE 38)

Type material. Holotype, male, 16.5 mm, dissected, 4 slides, SAMAAbout SAMA C6498, Reef off Starvation Bay , Bathurst Channel, Port Davey (GPS) under rocks, 14 March 2003, coll. K.L. Gowlett- Homes. 

Type locality. Reef off Starvation Bay , Bathurst Channel, Port Davey, Tasmania, Australia. 

Etymology. Named for marine ecologist Adam Davey and the type locality port.

Description. Based on holotype male, 16.5 mm, SAMAAbout SAMA C6498.

Head. Eyes subovate; lateral cephalic lobe broad, rounded, apically truncate, anteroventral margin with notch/ slit, anteroventral corner rounded. Antenna 1 longer than antenna 2; peduncular article 1 shorter than article 2, with 1 robust seta on posterior margin; peduncular article 2 longer than article 3; flagellum articles as long as broad, or broader than long, with 34 articles; accessory flagellum short, significantly less than half length of primary flagellum, with 7 articles. Antenna 2 peduncular article 4 longer in length than article 5; flagellum with 15 articles. Mandible accessory setal row, well developed with 9 setae; palp well developed, article 1 as long as broad, shorter than article 2; article 2 longer than article 3, with many slender setae; article 3 rectilinear, long, 3.2 × as long as broad, longer than article 1, with 5 apical slender setae. Lower lip inner lobes present, outer lobes ducts without ducts, mandibular lobes apically rounded. Maxilla 1 inner plate subquadrate, with 3 apical plumose setae.

Pereon. Gnathopod 1 coxa anterior margin concave, anteroventral corner produced, acute, posteroventral corner without notch; merus with acute posteroventral corner; carpus twice as long as broad, longer than propodus, length 1.1 × propodus, setae covering medial surface; propodus rectilinear, medial surface setal comb absent; palm subacute, straight, entire, lined with robust setae, defined by posterodistal corner; dactylus closing along palm.

Gnathopod 2 asymmetrical; larger gnathopod, chelate; coxa posteroventral corner without notch; basis slender, anterodistal corner subquadrate; merus with acute posteroventral corner; carpus compressed, length subequal to width; propodus massive, rectilinear, length 2.1 × width, anterior margin with rows of short slender setae, posterior margin with few slender setae, palm angle obtuse, margin undulating, lined with robust setae, posterodistal corner defined by tooth; dactylus closing along and reaching end of palm, posterior margin lined with setules, apically acute, unguis not defined. Gnathopod 2 smaller gnathopod subchelate; coxa posteroventral corner without notch; basis slender, anterodistal corner subquadrate; merus with subquadrate posteroventral corner; carpus compressed; propodus rectilinear, palm angle subacute, margin straight, lined with robust setae, defined by posteroventral corner with 2 large robust setae; dactylus closing along and reaching end of palm, posterior margin lined with setules, unguis present.

Pereopods 5–7 slender distally; basis posterior margin straight, weakly serrate, without long slender setae; merus and carpus not broadened; dactylus unguis simple.

Pleon. Pleonites 1–3 dorsally smooth. Epimera 1–3 posteroventral corner with notch, posterior margin with two distal serrations. Urosomites 1–3 without carina. Uropod 1 peduncle with 1 basofacial seta, length 1.2 × outer ramus. Uropod 2 peduncle length 1.2 × outer ramus, rami subequal in length. Uropod 3 rami subequal in length, much longer than peduncle, length 3.8 × width, distally truncated, with lateral and apical long and short robust setae. Telson  deeply cleft, length 1.2 × width, lobes divergent, tapering distally, each lobe with short inner and longer outer apical cusp, lobes apically acute, margins concave, each lobe with 2–3 short apical robust setae, with 1 pair of robust setae on inner margins, 2 pairs of lateral robust setae.

Remarks. Linguimaera daveyi  sp. nov. is one of two Linguimaera  species where the dominant gnathopod 2 propodus is chelate (palm angle obtuse), the other species being L. zeidleri Krapp-Schickel, 2008  . In L. daveyi  sp. nov. the uropod 3 rami are longer, length more than three times width, than in L. zeidleri  where the rami is only two and a half times as long as wide. Variation in length of uropod 3 rami with increasing specimen size was examined in the closely related species, H. thjisseni  and H. hamigera  , where more material was available for study. The ratio of the rami length to width was seen to be stable for specimens from 8 to16 mm. Therefore the possibility that L. daveyi  is a larger growth stage of L. zeidler  is rejected.

Examination of the holotype of L. zeidleri  revealed some variation in addition to the material figured (Krapp- Schickel, 2008a: fig 17a). The holotype has only three serrations on the posterior margin of the epimera 3 in comparison to the 6 serrations figure for the species. The fewer number of serrations for L. zeidleri  material is similar to L. daveyi  . Additionally the holotype of L. zeidleri  had only 1 pair of medial telsonic setae, a variation on the two pair illustrated. The telson  setation pattern, both number and placement of setae, may also be used to separate L. daveyi  from L. zeidleri  however this characters should be used with some caution. The single type specimen of L. daveyi  sp. nov. has an asymmetrical setation pattern on the telson  . The lack of symmetry occurs in many specimen of Linguimaera  (pers. obs. this study) and does not appear to be the result of damage.

Two additional Australian species, Hamimaera thijsseni  sp. nov., and H. hamigera (Haswell, 1879)  , also have a chelate dominant gnathopod 2. The short uropod 3 rami, being less than twice as long as wide, separates these species into Hamimaera  .

Distribution. Australia. Tasmania: Port Davey (current study).

Linguimaera everardensis  sp. nov. ( Figs 39–42View FIGURE 39View FIGURE 40View FIGURE 41View FIGURE 42)

Type material. Holotype male, 21 mm, dissected, 4 slides, south of Cape Everard  , Victoria (38°12.5′S 149°5.5′E), 152 m, Orange Peel Grab, 20 June 1962, coll. CSIROAbout CSIRO Fisheries (G2/62/62-5).GoogleMaps 

Type locality. South of Cape Everard (38°12.5′S 149°5.5′E).

Etymology. Named from the type locality.

Description. Based on holotype male, 21 mm, AM P.97874.

Head. Eyes subovate; lateral cephalic lobe broad, rounded, apically rounded, anteroventral margin with notch, anteroventral corner rounded. Antenna 1 longer than antenna 2; peduncular article 1 shorter than to article 2, with 1 distal robust seta on posterior margin; peduncular article 2 longer than article 3; flagellum articles longer than broad, with 33+ articles; accessory flagellum long, with 6 articles. Antenna 2 peduncular article 4 shorter in length than article 5; flagellum with 8 articles. Mandible accessory setal row, well developed with 5 setae; palp well developed, article 1 length 1.1 × width, shorter than article 2; article 2 longer than article 3, with many slender setae; article 3 rectilinear, long, 5 × as long as broad, longer than article 1, many marginal setae and 5 apical slender setae. Lower lip without apical ducts, mandibular lobes apically rounded. Maxilla 1 inner plate subquadrate, with 3 apical plumose setae. Maxilla 2 without medial setal row.

Pereon. Gnathopod 1 coxa anterior margin concave, anteroventral corner produced, acute, posteroventral corner with notch; merus with acute posteroventral corner; carpus length 2.1 × width, 1.1 × propodus length, with rows of setae covering medial surface; propodus subovate, medial surface setal comb absent; palm subacute, straight, entire, lined with robust setae, defined by 2 pairs of robust setae; dactylus closing along palm.

Gnathopod 2 asymmetrical; subchelate; larger gnathopod coxa posteroventral corner without notch; basis slender, anterodistal corner subquadrate, with several long slender setae; merus with acute posteroventral corner; carpus compressed, length 1.7 × width, anterior and posterior margin with rows of long slender setae; propodus rectilinear, length twice width, margin with rows of slender setae, palm angle subacute, posterodistal shelf subquadrate with 4 robust setae, palm margin with subquadrate tooth, palm defined by elongate subacute tooth and 4 long robust setae; dactylus closing along and reaching end of palm, posterior margin lined with setules, unguis absent. Gnathopod 2 smaller gnathopod basis slender, anterodistal corner subquadrate, with several long slender setae; merus with acute posteroventral corner; carpus compressed, length twice width, anterior margin without slender setae, posterior margin with rows of long slender setae; propodus rectilinear, length 2.1 × width, margin with rows of slender setae, palm angle subacute, without posterodistal shelf, palm margin lined with robust setae, palm defined by corner with 2 long and 2 short robust setae; dactylus closing along and reaching end of palm, posterior margin lined with setules, unguis present. Pereopods 3–4 slender distally; propodus posterior and distal margin with dense clusters of slender setae. Pereopods 5–6 slender distally; basis elongate, not expanded, posterior margin straight, weakly serrate; merus, carpus and propodus not broadened, anterior margins with clusters of long slender setae; dactylus unguis simple. Pereopod 7 slender distally; basis elongate, not expanded, posterior margin straight, serrate; merus, carpus and propodus not broadened, anterior margins with clusters of long slender setae; dactylus unguis simple.

.

Pleon. Pleonites 1–3 dorsally smooth. Epimera 1–3 posterior margin smooth, posterodistal corner with well-developed notch, ventral margin smooth. Uropod 1 peduncle with 1 basofacial seta, peduncle length 1.1 × outer ramus; inner ramus subequal to outer ramus. Uropod 2 peduncle length subequal to outer ramus; inner ramus subequal to outer ramus. Uropod 3 rami subequal, with apical slender setae; inner ramus length 2.5 × peduncle, length 5.2 × width. Telson  deeply cleft, length 1.5 × width, lobes divergent, apically notched, inner cusps shorter than outer cusps, with 2 pair of apical robust setae, inner margin with 3 pair of robust setae, with 1 pair of lateral robust setae.

Remarks. The setation pattern of the telson  with several pair of robust setae on the inner margins is similar to L. schickelae  and L. pirloti  . The smooth posterior margin with posterodistal notch of L. everardensis  distinguished it from the latter species which have a serrate margin.

Distribution. Victoria. Cape Everard (current study).

Linguimaera garitima Krapp-Schickel, 2003  ( Fig. 43–47View FIGURE 43View FIGURE 44View FIGURE 45View FIGURE 46View FIGURE 47)

Linguimaera garitima Krapp-Schickel, 2003: 266  , figs 5–7.— Krapp-Schickel, 2008: 22.

Material examined. New South Wales: 1 A male dissected, 7.5 mm, 4 slides, AM P.92229, Black Rock , south of Smoky Cape (30°56′58″S 153°04′32″E), 13 m, under stones, 13 February 2002, coll. R.T. Springthorpe ( NSWAbout NSW 1870View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 b male dissected, 6.0 mm, 1 slide, AM P.92230, Black Rock , south of Smoky Cape (30°56′58″S 153°04′32″E), 13 m, under stones, 13 February 2002, coll. R.T. Springthorpe ( NSWAbout NSW 1870View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 c male, partially dissected, 1 slide (no measurement, damaged only front half of specimen exists), 1 slides, AM P92231View Materials, Black Rock , south of Smoky Cape (30°56′58″S 153°04′32″E), 13 m, under stones, 13 February 2002, coll. R.T. Springthorpe ( NSWAbout NSW 1870View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 7 specimens, AM P.77453, Black Rock , south of Smoky Cape (30°56′58″S 153°04′32″E), 13m, under stones, 13 February 2002, coll. R.T. Springthorpe ( NSWAbout NSW 1870View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 male, AM P.77601, east of Kangarutha Point, south of Tathra (36°44′56″S 149°59′04″E), 15.9 m, sediment under loose boulders in crevices between rocks, 2 April 2008, coll. S.J. Keable (MI NSWAbout NSW 3234View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Victoria: 1 male, dissected, 4 slides, 10 mm, NMVAbout NMV J46909View Materials, off Crib Point, Western Port (38°22″00′S 145°13″23′E), 3 m, (CPBS-S 11); many specimens, NMVAbout NMV J5 6891, off Crib Point, Western Port (38°22″00′S 145°13″23′E), 3 m, (CPBS-S 11).

Tasmania: 1 specimen, AM P.88455, Great Taylors Bay (43°24′S 147°09′E), depth unknown, 8 November 2008, coll. A. Davey.GoogleMaps 

South Australia: 2 specimens, SAMAAbout SAMA C6488, Second Valley , Fleurieu Peninsula (35°30′35″S 138°12′54″E), 6 m, kelp dominated habitat, February 2002, coll. A. Hirst ( SARDI Encounter 2002 Expedition)GoogleMaps  ; 6 specimens, SAMAAbout SAMA C6499, Northern Reef, Home Bay , Reevesby Island, Sir Joseph Banks Group (34°31′59″S 136°16′00″E), depth unknown, 20 January 1986, coll. E. SpanoGoogleMaps  ; 7 specimens, SAMAAbout SAMA C6601, Second Valley , Fleurieu Peninsula (35°30′35″S 138°12′54″E), depth unknown, kelp dominated habitat, February 2002, coll. A. Hirst ( SARDI Encouter 2002 Expedition).GoogleMaps 

Type locality. Eighty-two km east northeast of North Point , Flinders Island, eastern Bass Strait, Tasmania, Australia (39°27.7´S 148°41.4´E)GoogleMaps  .

Remarks. This is the first record of L. garitima  north of Bass Strait.

Distribution. New South Wales: Smoky Cape (current study). Tasmania. Flinders Island; Great Taylors Bay ( Krapp-Schickel 2003; current study). South Australia: Fleurieu Penninsula, Sir Joseph Banks Group (current study).

SAMA

South Australia Museum

CSIRO

Australian National Fish Collection

NSW

Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of New South Wales

NMV

Museum Victoria

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Amphipoda

Family

Melitidae

Genus

Linguimaera

Loc

Linguimaera daveyi

Hughes, Lauren E. 2016

2016
Loc

Linguimaera garitima

Krapp-Schickel 2008: 22Krapp-Schickel 2003: 266

2008