Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom, 1854,
Rosa, Paolo & Vardal, Hege, 2015, An annotated catalogue of the types of Chrysididae (Hymenoptera) at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, with brief historical notes, ZooKeys 495, pp. 79-132: 101-102
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|Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom, 1854|
Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Chrysididae
Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom, 1854 Plate 21
Chrysis sinuosa : Dahlbom 1854: 153.
South Africa: "Capitis Bonae Spei".
[Cap. B. Spei] [Mus. Payk.] [Type] [ sinuosa Dahlbom 84] [NHRS-HEVA000001120].
The type of Chrysis sinuosa lacks the right flagellum and the right foreleg. Dahlbom (1845: 11-12) described Chrysis sinuata based on two syntypes, a male and a female, with the same colour "Divis IV. Thorax variegatus. Abdomen cyaneo-. viridi- et aureo-fasciatum". He described the female with four teeth on the anal margin ("Subdivis. 2. Abdominis segmentum 3:tium apice 4-dentatum") (Plate 20D) and the male without teeth on the anal margin, but with a simple undulation ("Subdiv. 3. Abdominis segmentum 3:tium apice undulatum") (Plate 21D). These two specimens clearly belong to two different species-groups. Later, Dahlbom (1854: 153) recognised the male as belonging to a different species and described it with the name Chrysis sinuosa . He left the female under the name Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, 1845, without noticing that this name was already used by Brullé (1833).
Mocsáry (1889: 296), without type examination, considered Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom, 1845 and Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, 1854 ("ex parte, solum ♂" [the male only]) as synonyms of Chrysis bellula Guérin-Méneville, 1842. Mocsáry (1889: 440) also replaced the name Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, 1845, nec Brullé, 1833 ("ex parte, solum ♀") with Chrysis poecila Mocsáry, 1889. Chrysis bellula is now considered endemic to Madagascar, absent from South Africa ( Azevedo et al. 2010: 858). Since Mocsáry (1889: 428) did not examine Dahlbom’s types, he described again Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, 1845 as a new species from South Africa with the name Chrysis eximia Mocsáry, 1889. We examined the type of Chrysis eximia , which is deposited at the NHMW.
In this case, the replacement name Chrysis poecila Mocsáry has priority over Chrysis eximia Mocsáry and therefore we propose the new synonym Chrysis eximia Mocsáry, 1889 = Chrysis poecila Mocsáry, 1889. Edney (1952: 423) followed Mocsáry in the interpretation of Chrysis (Holochrysis) bellula Brullé, but without reporting any differences between the sexes. He also described Chrysis ceres Edney, 1952, which resulted synonym of Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom. Kimsey and Bohart (1991: 463), without the examination of Dahlbom’s types, synonymised Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, Chrysis poecila Mocsáry and Chrysis ceres Edney with Chrysis sinuosa and used eximia Mocsáry, 1889 as the valid name. Madl and Rosa (2012) followed the interpretation given by Kimsey and Bohart (1991).
According to the types, the two valid species and their synonymies are:
Chrysis poecila Mocsáry, 1889 replacement name for Chrysis sinuata Dahlbom, 1845 nec Brullé, 1833 (synonyms: Chrysis eximia Mocsáry, 1889; Chrysis westwoodi Mocsáry, 1912) ( Chrysis splendidula - senegalensis group);
Chrysis sinuosa Dahlbom, 1854.
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