Myrmelachista joycei

Longino, J. T., 2006, A taxonomic review of the genus Myrmelachista (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica., Zootaxa 1141, pp. 1-54: 25-28

publication ID

21030

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:323B9B2C-F6AE-40B5-982B-4BBEA5317786

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B7C2D468-D44D-7F6E-AF70-EBBF5BD78840

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Myrmelachista joycei
status

NEW SPECIES

Myrmelachista joycei  HNS  NEW SPECIES

Figures 2, 5, 7, 8, 10, 14

Holotype queen: Costa Rica, Prov. Puntarenas, Monteverde , 10°18’N, 84°48’W, 1500m , 29 May 1990 (J. Longino #2707) [ INBC, specimen code JTLC000006202].GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: workers and queens, from same nest as holotype, specimen codes JTLC000002769, JTLC000006203 - JTLC000006206, distributed to MCZC, USNM, UCDC, LACM, BMNH.GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis

Worker with antenna 9-segmented, color red brown. Queen with head black, mandible and clypeus usually smooth and shiny, HW 70.5-1.08mm, CI 87-98, OcI 3-6. Male with digitus elongate, curving, scimitar-shaped.

Worker

Antenna 9-segmented; maxillary palpus 5-segmented but terminal segment elongate, sometimes with partial constriction suggestion partial fusion of terminal two palpomeres; mandible, clypeus, and face smooth and shining; in full face view, side and rear margins of head with sparse to abundant subdecumbent pubescence, sometimes with projecting setae on posterolateral vertex; ventral surface of head with very abundant short subdecumbent pubescence, no erect setae; scape with abundant suberect setae, longer setae about equal to width of scape; hind tibia with abundant appressed to suberect setae, relatively uniform length, about 1/4 to 1/2 width of tibia; typically with dark brown head and gaster, mottled dark and light brown mesosoma, sometimes uniformly dark brown, never strongly bicolored (nanitics may be bicolored).

Measurements: HL 0.556-0.655, HW 0.556-0.670, SL 0.302-0.352, EL 0.114-0.137, CI 100-107 (n=5).

Queen

Antenna 9-segmented; maxillary palpus 6-segmented; dorsal surface of mandible smooth and shining with sparse piligerous puncta or weakly punctatorugose; clypeus and face largely smooth and shining with sparse small piligerous puncta; in full face view side and rear margins of head with abundant short appressed to suberect pubescence, without longer erect setae, sometimes with longer erect setae on posterolateral vertex; ventral surface of head with abundant subdecumbent to suberect setae, these similar to or longer than setae on sides of head; scape with abundant suberect setae, longer setae about equal to width of scape; hind tibia with abundant appressed to suberect setae, relatively uniform length, about 1/4 to 1/2 width of tibia; color largely black, sometimes with some degree of lighter red color on anterior face.

Measurements: HL 0.793-1.124, HW 0.747-1.083, SL 0.395-0.531, EL 0.213-0.269, OW 0.024-0.069, OD 0.176-0.220, CI 87-98 (87 for specimen from northern Nicaragua, 89-98 for Costa Rican material), OI 25-29, OcI 3-6 (n=12).

Male

Antenna 10-segmented; maxillary palpus 6-segmented; pygostyles minute, in the form of weakly sclerotized papillae; basiparamere with elongate lobe; paramere elongate and linear, with parallel sides; cuspis a small, weakly sclerotized narrowly triangular tooth appressed to the inner surface of the paramere, distant from digitus; digitus elongate, curving, scimitar-shaped; apodeme of penial valve curving into dorsal margin at obtuse angle.

Etymology

The name refers to Frank Joyce, Monteverde biologist and teacher, indefatigable field naturalist, champion for the conservation of tropical biodiversity, and respected friend.

Range

Costa Rica, Nicaragua. In Costa Rica it occurs in cloud forest above 1000m, from the Cordillera de Tilarán south to the Cordillera de Talamanca. I have one record of a queen from cloud forest near Matagalpa, Nicaragua.

Biology

This species is very abundant in cloud forest. It nests in live branches of canopy trees, with columns extending out in galleries beneath epiphyte mats. It is one of the most common arboreal ants in the Monteverde cloud forest, occurring in a high frequency of tree crowns (Longino 2000) and common in canopy fogging samples (Schonberg et al. 2004). Active colony space occurs in hollow stems near shoot tips, but also extends far back in the centers of live branches, such that workers may be found in narrow chambers deep in the center of relatively thick branches, to 10cm diameter or more. Periodic larger chambers contain dense masses of workers, queens, and brood and may be well-protected deep in solid wood. Clusters of workers and brood also occur beneath epiphytes and in small bits of dead wood. Colonies are large and may occupy an entire tree crown. Large colonies are strongly polygynous, with clusters of physogastric queens scattered throughout the colony space. Pseudococcidae  and Coccidae  commonly occur in the nests and in the surface galleries beneath epiphytes. Colonies have been found in live branches of Sapium oligoneuron  , Vismia  , Clusia alata  , Cecropia angustifolia  (formerly polyphlebia  ), Ficus  , Ocotea austinii  , hemiepiphytic Araleaceae, Licaria  , and Erythrina  . A founding queen was found in a live stem of an orchid.

Material Examined

COSTA RICA, Alajuela: Refugio El Aleman, Rio Penas Blancas , 10°18’N, 84°45’W, 940m (J. Longino, 2 collections)GoogleMaps  ; Cartago: 10km SE Orosi , 9°45’N, 83°47’W, 1300m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; Guanacaste: Cerro Cacao , 10°56’N, 85°28’W, 1100m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; 3km N Santa Elena , 10°20’N, 84°50’W, 1500m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; Heredia: 8km N Vol. Barba , 10°12’N, 84°06’W, 1830m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; 16km SSE La Virgen , 10°16’N, 84°05’W, 1100m (ALAS, 12 collections)GoogleMaps  ; same data (R. Vargas C)GoogleMaps  ; same data (D. Brenes, 3 collections)GoogleMaps  ; same data (Longino, 2 collections)GoogleMaps  ; 10km NE Vara Blanca , 10°14’N, 84°05’W, 1500m (J. Longino, 5 collections)GoogleMaps  ; Puntarenas: Monteverde , 10°18’N, 84°48’W, 1500m (J. Longino, 12 collections)GoogleMaps  ; same data (N. Nadkarni)GoogleMaps  ; same data (Yanoviak & Gering, multiple canopy fogging samples)GoogleMaps  ; San Luis Valley , 10°17’N, 84°47’W, 1100m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; Estacion Biol. Pittier , 9°02’N, 82°58’W, 1670m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; Fila Cruces, nr San Vito , 8°47’N, 83°03’W, 1200m (J. Longino)GoogleMaps  ; NICARAGUA, Matagalpa: Santa Maria de Ostuma, 1400m (N. L. H. Krauss) [ USNM]  .

INBC

Costa Rica, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

UCDC

USA, California, Davis, University of California, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]