Ophion brocki Johansson,

Johansson, Niklas & Cederberg, Björn, 2019, Review of the Swedish species of Ophion (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Ophioninae), with the description of 18 new species and an illustrated key to Swedish species, European Journal of Taxonomy 550, pp. 1-136: 54-56

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.550

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F8707194-B55E-48CA-8FE0-4CD0D023C217

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3477053

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A270EE7E-FC49-FFDD-F36D-A8B93026F96B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ophion brocki Johansson
status

sp. nov.

Ophion brocki Johansson  sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:

Figs 10CView Fig, 13EView Fig, 15B, D, GView Fig, 28View Fig

Diagnosis

This species belongs to the Ophion mocsaryi  aggregate and is distinguished from other Swedish species in this aggregate by the number of flagellomeres, the enlarged compound eyes, the deep groove behind the posterior ocelli, the nervellus being broken distinctly below the middle and the usually strong carination of the propodeum.

Etymology

This species is named in honor of the British hymenopterist Jim Brock who, by his meticulous studies of the British fauna of Ophion  , has contributed greatly to the taxonomy of the genus in Northwestern Europe and indirectly assisted in the definition of this species.

Material examined

3 ♀♀, 11 ♂♂ ( Sweden); 1 ♂ ( Italy); 1 ♀, 1 ♂ ( Germany); 9 ♀♀, 25 ♂♂ ( Great Britain).

Type material

Holotype

SWEDEN • ♀; Blekinge, Karlskrona, Tullaretorpet ; 56.227° N, 15.647° E; 2–3 Jun. 2016; C. Philipsson leg.; MV-light trap in deciduous forest; STI-NJBC172; NHRS-HEVA000008630.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes

SWEDEN • 1 ♂; Blekinge, Karlskrona, Tullaretorpet ; 56.227° N, 15.647° E; 2–3 Jun. 2016; C. Philipsson leg.; MV-light trap in deciduous forest; STI-NJBC136; NHRS-HEVA000008631GoogleMaps  1 ♂; Blekinge, Karlskrona, Tullaretorpet ; 56.227° N, 15.647° E; 23–24 May 2016; C. Philipsson leg.; MV-light trap in deciduous forest; STI-NJBC135; NHRS-HEVA000008632GoogleMaps  1 ♀; Blekinge, Karlskrona, Tullaretorpet ; 56.227° N, 15.647° E; 28–29 May 2016; C. Philipsson leg.; MV-light trap in deciduous forest; STI- NJBC171; NHRS-HEVA000008633GoogleMaps  1 ♀; Öland, Mörbylånga, Strandskogen ; 56.702° N, 16.494° E; 12 Jun. 2017; B. Andersson leg.; MV-light in garden close to deciduous forest; STI-NJBC173; NHRS- HEVA000008634GoogleMaps  1 ♂; Blekinge, Karlskrona, Tullaretorpet ; 56.227° N, 15.647° E; 31 May–1 Jun. 2016; C. Philipsson leg.; MV-light trap in deciduous forest; STI-NJBC134; NHRS-HEVA000008635GoogleMaps  1 ♂; Öland, Mörbylånga, Arontorp , Trollvägen ; 56.646° N, 16.516° E; T. Lindberg leg.; MV-light in garden close to deciduous forest; STI-NJBC132; NHRS-HEVA000008636GoogleMaps  .

Description

Fore wing length 15–16 mm. Antenna with 59–64 flagellomeres. First flagellomere 3.0 times as long as wide. Central flagellomeres stout, about 1.2–1.3 times as long as wide. Apical flagellomeres approximately 1.5 times as long as wide. Head quite narrowed behind eyes. Temple in lateral view 0.3–0.4 times as long as compound eye ( Fig. 15GView Fig). Space between compound eye and lateral ocellus narrow, at most 0.1 times the diameter of ocellus. Head in anterior view transverse with compound eye large ( Fig. 15DView Fig). Groove behind lateral ocellus usually very deep and distinct ( Fig. 15BView Fig). Occipital carina centrally evenly rounded, sometimes very weakly angled. Face below antennal sockets shagreened with scarce punctures. Malar space about 0.1 times as long as mandibular base in female and about 0.1–0.2 times in males. Mandibular gape right-angled, with internal angles. Wing membrane clear. Ramellus very long, reaching 0.4–0.5 the width of the discosubmarginal cell. Radius sinuous. Nervellus broken distinctly below the middle by the discoidella ( Fig. 13EView Fig). Mesopleuron shagreened with punctures quite dense, space between punctures about equal to their diameter. Epicnemial carina, in antero-ventral view, with pleurosternal angles level to or slightly anterior to sternal angles. Pleurosternal angles slightly acute or right angled. Scutellum without lateral carinae. Propodeum with very weak rugose structure, shining, with anterior and posterior transverse carina usually strongly raised ( Fig. 10CView Fig). In small males the anterior transverse carina is weak or absent laterally. Central and lateral longitudinal carinae usually strong, but sometimes lateral longitudinal carinae weaker. Sclerotised part of first sternite ending level to spiracle. Hind trochantellus shorter than wide in dorsal view. Legs normal with hind femur about six times as long as wide. Inner spur of hind tibia long about 0.4 times as long as hind metatarsus.

Colour

Body testaceous. Inner and outer eye margins sometimes yellow. Mandibular teeth black. Ovipositor sheath black or dark brown, contrasting in colour with posterior metasomal segments.

DNA barcode

The DNA barcode sequences of eight Swedish specimens of Ophion brocki Johansson  sp. nov. are available at the BOLD systems database (www.boldsystems.org, BIN. BOLD: AAW9160. Specimen codes: STI-NJBC: 32, 76, 132, 134–136, 171–172).

Ecology

The taxonomic history of this species with frequent misidentifications makes it hard to draw any definitive conclusions regarding the host species and no rearing records are known. The main period of activity in Sweden seems to be early summer, May–June.

Distribution in Sweden

A very rare species known from two areas in the southeastern part of the country.