Haidomyrmex

Phillip Barden, Hollister W. Herhold & David A. Grimaldi, 2017, A new genus of hell ants from the Cretaceous (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Haidomyrmecini) with a novel head structure, Systematic Entomology 42, pp. 837-846: 838

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1111/syen.12253

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:40D636A3-4D88-470A-BC5B-85ABFD1A49E2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A05D87FE-CA10-FFCE-7BAB-FBD4D9B045B3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Haidomyrmex
status

 

Haidomyrmex  scimitarus,

Haidomyrmex  zigrasi Barden & Grimaldi – reconstructions based on two entirely complete dealate (H. scimitarus) and worker (H. zigrasi) specimens suggested that the enigmatic L-shaped mandibles probably articulated, at least partially, in a vertical plane. In particular, the placement of trigger hairs on the clypeus as well as the hypognathous-like orientation of the head (all other non-haidomyrmecine ant heads are prognathous; Keller, 2011) suggested that hell ants were Cretaceous analogues to modern trap-jaw predators ( Barden & Grimaldi, 2012). H. scimitarus is also the largest haidomyrmecine, measuring over twice the total length of most other species.

Locality: Burmese amber