Phalangopsidae Blanchard, 1845,

Bolfarini, Marcio P., 2016, A new species of Eidmanacris Chopard, 1956, with notes on its distribution in Brazilian caves (Phalangopsidae, Luzarinae), Zootaxa 4083 (4): -1

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4083.4.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:215EA2A4-41E6-422F-8777-1BBF20E55881

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9D4B0E11-FF8E-FFB6-FF3A-FB2DFDC98F53

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phalangopsidae Blanchard, 1845
status

 

Family Phalangopsidae Blanchard, 1845 

Subfamily Luzarinae  Herbard, 1928

Tribe Phalangopsini  Blanchard, 1845 Subtribe Phalangopsina Blanchard, 1845  Genus Eidmanacris Chopard, 1956  Eidmanacris lencionii Bolfarini  , n. sp. Figs. 1View FIGURE 1, 2View FIGURE 2; Table I

TYpe material. Holotype ( MZSP). Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR15, 607825 mE / 7772598 mN SAD’ 69, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col  . 1 male, 3 females paratypes: same data as type material  . 1 male, 1 female paratypes: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR 16, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col  . 1 male, 1 female paratypes: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR 10, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col  . 2 male paratypes: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave SM- 16, 19–20.iv. 2009. Bessi et al. col  . 2 males paratypes: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave SM-15, 607347 mE / 7772436 mN SAD’ 69, 6– 7.viii. 2009, Bessi et al. col  . 1 female paratype: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR21, 606961 mE / 7770076 mN SAD’ 69, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col  . 1 male paratype: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR15, 607825 mE / 7772598 mN SAD’ 69, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col. 

Specimens examined. 9 adult males (holotype and paratypes), 6 adult females (paratypes). 6 juveniles: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR 16, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col  . 2 juveniles: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Brumadinho, cave PBR15, 607825 mE / 7772598 mN SAD’ 69, 28.ix –03.x.2009, Bessi et al. col. 

EtYmologY. Named after the Brazilian naturalist and zoological illustrator Dr. Frederico Lencioni Neto.

Diagnosis. Within Eidmanacris  , E. lencionii  n. sp. can be recognized by the following characters: male FWs short, triangular, yellow towards internal border, reaching the median first abdominal tergite; apex rounded connected to single vertical vein that divide external part of FW as a lateral field; apex of pseudepiphallic arms bifid, with bristles; lateral projection of the pseudepiphallic sclerite absent; ventral projection of pseudepiphallic arms short, curved; ectophallic arc broad, located posteriorly to the median part of pseudepiphallus; dorsal projections of ectophallic invagination short, sclerotized, clearly separated; ectophallic fold entirely membranous, and connected to the dorsal projections of the pseudepiphallic invagination.

Description. Male. Medium sized body, pubescent, general coloration medium brown, slightly marbled ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1). Head. Dark to medium brown, without maculae. Occiput and vertex medium brown, with yellowish maculae and a thin median line over the epicranial sutures area, with sparse bristles. Fastigium dark brown, mainly on its lateral part, longer than wide, narrower than scape. Three ocelli present, pre-eminent, the median largest ( Figs 1BView FIGURE 1); eye with unpigmented area on supero-internal angle ( Fig. 1EView FIGURE 1). Maxillary palpi long and thin ( Figs. 1B, DView FIGURE 1); joints 1 and 2 whitish, 3rd, 4th and 5th joints medium to light brown at apex ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1); apex of 5th joint slightly curved, light brown to whitish on distal portin ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1). In frontal view, frons light brown with a longitudinal medium brown stripe ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1). Gena light to medium brown; clypeus light brown, the central area medium brown, lower portin whitish ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1); labrum whitish, the apex light brown ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1). Antennal scape whitish ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1); antenomeres medium brown with interspersed light bands. Banding pattern as the figure 1C.

Thorax. Pronotum DD as long as wide, dark brown, slightly pubescent, divided by a thin, light brown vertical line; DD cephalic and caudal margin concave. Male FWs short, triangular, yellowish towards internal border, reaching the first abdominal tergite; apex rounded connected to single vertial vein that divide external part of FW as a lateral field ( Figs. 1FView FIGURE 1); internal margins not touch each other in apical half; metanotal structure present, composed of a cluster of bristles and two short lateral projectins ( Fig. 1JView FIGURE 1, arrows).

Legs. FI and FII yellowish. TI and II dark brown annulated with yellowish brown; TI and II with 2 same-sized apical spurs. FIII light brown with several dark brown stripes and spots on inner face, apical part dark brown; outer face light brown with medium brown maculae and stripes, apical part medium brown; TIII medium brown annulated with light brown; TIII subapical spurs 4/4; serrulatin between and above subapical spurs, except between inner apical dorsal (iad) and fist subapical (is1); apical spurs 3/3, more developed on inner face; inner apical spurs ( Fig. 1G, HView FIGURE 1): median one longer (iam), dorsal sub-equal in length (iad), ventral smallest (iav) (iam>iad>iav); outer apical spurs: median one longer (oam), dorsal sub-equal in length (oad), ventral smaller (oav) (oam>oad>oav).

Abdomen. Dark brown, slightly pubescent, divided by longitudinal light yellow line ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1). Supra anal plate square, medium brown, darkening in the margins; anterior margin straight on median part, lateral margins constricted in median portion ( Fig. 1IView FIGURE 1); posterior margin straight with extended distal projections in the latero-distal margin. Subgenital plate triangular, longer than wide, pubescent, dark brown; anterior margin sub-straight; posterior margin with distal projections ( Fig. 1LView FIGURE 1).

Phallic complex. Pseudepiphallus sclerotized, curved inwards ( Figure 2A –CView FIGURE 2); pseudepiphallic arms sclerotized, straight ( Figs. 2A, BView FIGURE 2); apex of pseudepiphallic arms bifid, with bristles ( Fig. 2AView FIGURE 2); lateral projection absent; ventral projection of pseudepiphallic arms short, curved ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1). PsP2 curved and pointed, with membranous sphere ( Fig. 2AView FIGURE 2); PsP1 well developed, laterally connected with PsP2 ( Figs. 2B, CView FIGURE 2). Ecophallic invagination: ectophallic apodeme long ( Fig. 2AView FIGURE 2); ectophallic arc wide, located posteriorly to the median part of pseudepiphallus ( Fig. 2AView FIGURE 2); dorsal projections of ectophallic invagination short, sclerotized, clearly separated ( Fig. 2AView FIGURE 2); ectophallic fold entirely membranous; in dorsal view, apex located posteriorly to the PsP2 and pseudepiphallic arms, and connected to the dorsal projections of the pseudepiphallic invagination ( Figs. 2A, BView FIGURE 2); medio-posterior projection of the endophallic sclerite sclerotized ( Fig. 2BView FIGURE 2); endophallic apodeme well developed ( Fig. 2BView FIGURE 2).

Female. Larger than male, general coloration darker than male; maxillary palpi also darker than male ( Fig. 1MView FIGURE 1); supra anal plate yellowish brown, with anterior margin straight, lateral ones not constricted on median portion, and posterior margin rounded, with thick bristles ( Fig. 1KView FIGURE 1); subgenital plate small, posterior margin rounded ( Fig. 1NView FIGURE 1); ovipositor yellowish, as long as FIII and TIII ( Table 1).

Distribution. The only record of Eidmanacris in Brazilian  caves is for the species E. alboannulata  , which type –locality is the cave “Gruta da Toca”, Itirapina municipality, São Paulo State (Mesa & de Mello, 1985). Through identification of material from environmental licensing studies of different lithologies, and bibliography (e.g. Pinto da Rocha (1995)), the distribution of the genus is expanded to the North and Midwest regions of Brazil, reaching latitudes not recorded for Eidmanacris  ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4). The known distribution for E. lencionii  n. sp. is the region of Brumadinho municipality, Minas Gerais State. The sampled caves are located at the east border of the Quadrilatero Ferrifero karst area ( Fig. 3).

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Phalangopsidae

Loc

Phalangopsidae Blanchard, 1845

Bolfarini, Marcio P. 2016
2016
Loc

Eidmanacris lencionii

Bolfarini 2016
2016
Loc

Eidmanacris

Chopard 1956
1956
Loc

Phalangopsini

Blanchard 1845
1845
Loc

Phalangopsina

Blanchard 1845
1845