Jaguajir rochae ( Borelli, 1910 ),

Lauren A. Esposito, Humberto Y. Yamaguti, Cláudio A. Souza, Ricardo Pinto-Da-Rocha & Lorenzo Prendini, 2017, Systematic Revision of the Neotropical Club-Tailed Scorpions, Physoctonus, Rhopalurus, and Troglorhopalurus, Revalidation of Heteroctenus, and Descriptions of Two New Genera and Three New Spec, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 415, pp. 1-134: 84-86

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/0003-0090-415.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:146A0539-0A2C-44CD-986C-8F8A8EB4598C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8F65ED57-FF9E-B102-3AA7-C93AB7D868B9

treatment provided by

Admin

scientific name

Jaguajir rochae ( Borelli, 1910 )
status

comb. nov.

Jaguajir rochae ( Borelli, 1910)  , comb. nov.

Figures 1View FIG. 1 DView FIG, 2DView FIG, 8View FIG, 11DView FIG, 15FView FIG, 17CView FIG, 19FView FIG, 21FView FIG, 22FView FIG, 24E –HView FIG, 41CView FIG, 42CView FIG, 43CView FIG, FView FIG, 44CView FIG, 47View FIG

Rhopalurus rochae Borelli, 1910: 3–5  ; Mello- Leitão, 1932: 31; Meise, 1934: 42; Lourenço, 1982 a: 122, 135, figs. 47–62, 78, table 1; 1982b: 74, figs. 1–3; 1986b: 165, fig. 7; 1990: 161; Kovařík, 1998: 118; Fet and Lowe, 2000: 222; Kamenz and Prendini, 2008: 9, table 2, pl. 44; Volschenk et al., 2008: 651, 652, 654, 660, 661, 663, 664, 674, fig. 2E, tables 1, 2; Prendini et al., 2009: 222–224.

Centrurus stenochirus Penther, 1913: 240–242  , figs. 1, 2 (synonymized by Lourenço, 1982 a: 122).

Centrurus barythenar Penther, 1913: 242–243  , figs. 1, 2 (synonymized by Lourenço, 1982 a: 122); Werner, 1927: 358; Mello-Leitão, 1945: 286.

Rhopalurus barythenar: Mello-Campos, 1924 a: 252  , 276, 281, 282, pl. 5, fig. 27, pl. 8, fig. 34; 1924b: 318, 341, 347, pl. 5, fig. 27, pl. 8, fig. 34; Mello-Leitão, 1932: 16, 31; Vellard, 1932: 556; Meise, 1934: 42; Prado, 1940: 26, 34, 35.

Rhopalurus rochai: Mello-Campos, 1924 a: 252  , 276, 279–281, pl. 10, figs. 35, 36; 1924b: 318, 341, 345, 346, pl. 10, figs. 35, 36; Werner, 1927: 358; Mello-Leitão, 1932: 16; Prado, 1940: 26, 34; Mello-Leitão, 1945: 267, 285– 288, figs. 118, 119; Bücherl, 1959: 269; 1971: 327; Lucas and Bücherl, 1972: 263; Stahnke and Calos, 1977: 119; Lourenço, 1979: 215, fig. 7; Araújo, 1981: 235; Lucas et al., 1981: 128, table 1; Fet and Lowe, 2000: 222; Brazil and Porto, 2010: 25, 50, 59, 66, figs. 5B, 7A; Porto et al., 2010: 292–294, 296, fig. 2B, table 1; Ubinski et al., 2016: 122.

Rhopalurus stenochirus: Mello-Campos, 1924 a: 252  , 275, 278, 279, pl. 11, fig. 39; 1924b: 318, 341, 343–345, pl. 11, fig. 39; Mello-Leitão, 1932: 15, 31; Meise, 1934: 42; Prado, 1940: 26, 30, 31; Mello-Leitão, 1945: 267, 288–290, figs. 120, 121; Bücherl, 1971: 327; Lucas and Bücherl, 1972: 263; Stahnke and Calos, 1977: 119; Araújo, 1981: 235; Lourenço, 1982 a: 122, 123, figs. 49, 50.

Centruroides stenochirus: Werner, 1927: 357  .

Ropalurus barythenar: Viquez, 1935: 111  , fig. 40.

TYPE MATERIAL: BRAZIL: Bahía: Centrurus barythenar  : 12 ♂ syntypes (NMW 2248), Joazeiro. Centrurus stenochirus  : 2 ♂, 1 juv.? ♀ syntypes (NMW 2251), Barra. Ceará: Rhopalurus rochae  : Lectotype ♀, paralectotype ♂ [desig. Lourenço, 1982 a: 138] (MIZT Sc 421 ex 645), Fortaleza. 

DIAGNOSIS: Jaguajir rochae  can be differentiated from J. agamemnon  and J. pintoi  by its paler coloration and more slender metasoma. Whereas the base coloration is pale to dark yellow, and the metasoma of the male slightly wider posteriorly in J. rochae  , the base coloration is brown to black, and the metasoma of the male markedly wider posteriorly in J. agamemnon  and J. pintoi  . Additionally, the fixed and movable fingers of the pedipalp chela of the male are slightly curved, creating a small proximal gap between them, and the proximal lobe on the fixed finger of the male exhibits a prominent proximal lobe in J. rochae  , whereas the fixed and movable fingers of the pedipalp chela of the male are markedly curved, creating a large proximal gap between them, and the proximal lobe on the fixed finger of the male is reduced or absent in J. agamemnon  and J. pintoi  . Furthermore, the subaculear tubercle of the telson is much reduced, forming a small protuberance in J. rochae  , as in J. pintoi  , but well developed and spinoid in J. agamemnon  .

DISTRIBUTION: Jaguajir rochae  is endemic to northeastern Brazil and recorded from the states of Bahía, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Río Grande do Norte and Sergipe (fig. 8). A record from Costa Rica ( Viquez, 1935) is based on a misidentification.

ECOLOGY: This species inhabits open savannah (fig. 2D). Specimens collected by the authors were found under stones during the day and with UV light detection at night. The habitat and habitus are consistent with the lapidicolous ecomorphotype ( Prendini, 2001 b).

REMARKS: Borelli (1910) named the species after Francisco Diaz da Rocha, but the original spelling was feminine, rochae  . Fet and Lowe (2000) noted that the masculine spelling is rochai  and changed it accordingly. Although the corrected spelling has been adopted by others (e.g., Teruel, 2006: 52), we consider it an unjustified emendation and continue to use Borelli’s (1910) original spelling. It is noteworthy that, on the page preceding the description of R. rochae, Borelli (1910)  described Tityus duckei Borelli, 1910  , after Mr. Ducke, implying he was aware of the proper ending for a masculine name and it was not a lapsus. If Rocha is considered a Latin name, the proper ending, even if dedicated to a man, is rochae  ( ICZN, 1999: Art. 31.1.1. Examples), which may be what Borelli (1910) intended.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: BRAZIL: Bahía: Barra, Igarité, 5.vi.2008, 1 ♀ (MZSP 31122/ AMCC [LP 9963]); Catu, Ibiraba, 2.viii.2000  , 1 ♀ (MZSP 31123/AMCC [LP 9953]); Guanambí, Ceraíma, 14°13′S 42°46′W, 10–17. xii.2007, H.Y. Yamaguti et al.GoogleMaps  , 1 ♂ (MZSP 30881/AMCC [LP 9684]); Guanambí, 7 km S, 14°17′5.6″S 42°47′2.2″W, 533 m, 24.i.2007, C.I. Mattoni, R. Pinto-da-Rocha, and H.Y. Yamaguti, UV sampling, modified savannah, cloudy and rainingGoogleMaps  , 1 juv. (AMCC [LP 7638]); Guanambí , 16 km SE, 14°17′19″S 42°41′31.1″W, 559 m, 25.i.2007, C.I. Mattoni, R. Pinto-da- Rocha, and H.Y. Yamaguti, UV sampling and under leaf litter, banana plantation and surroundsGoogleMaps  , 1 juv. (AMCC [LP 7655]); Fazenda do Fabiano , 8 km NE Guanambí, 14°10′17.6″S 42°43′56.4″W, 539 m, 24.i.2007, C.I. Mattoni, R. Pinto-da-Rocha, and H.Y. Yamaguti, under rocks, rocky hill and surrounds, open savannah modifiedGoogleMaps  , 1 ♀ (AMNH), 1 ♂, 2 juv. (AMCC [LP 7639]); Jeremoabo, Espadoado de Cima , 10°04′S 38°23′W, 27.v.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, T.J. Porto, and M.B. da SilvaGoogleMaps  , 1 subad. ♀ (MZSP 30882/AMCC [LP 9685]); Ibotirama, 12°10′34″S 43°11′33″W, 8.vi.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, M.B. da Silva, and T.J. PortoGoogleMaps  , 1 ♂ (MZSP 31125/AMCC [LP 9956]), 1 ♀ (MZSP 31124/ AMCC [LP 9947]); Jeremoabo, 10°04′S 38°23′W, 25.v.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, M.B. da Silva, and T.J. PortoGoogleMaps  , 1 ♂ (MZSP 31126/AMCC [LP 9945]); Várzea do Poço   GoogleMaps, 19.x.2007, 1 ♀ (MZSP 31127/AMCC [LP 9926]). Minas Gerais: Janaúba, 11.xii.2007, H.Y. Yamaguti, S. Outeda- Jorge, and C.A. Souza  , 1 juv. ♂ (MZSP 31136/ AMCC [LP 9957]); Janaúba, UNIMONTES, Campus Janaúba, 11.xii.2007, H.Y. Yamaguti et al.  , 1 subad. ♂ (MZSP 30879/AMCC [LP 9682]). Paraíba: Soledade, 07°02.118′S 36°27.311′W, 575 m, 16.iii.1999, A. Kury and A. GiupponiGoogleMaps  , 3 ♂ (AMCC [LP 1581, 1582, 1775]). Pernambuco: Escola Aquicola, Exu   GoogleMaps, 30.iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , caatinga, 1 ♂ (AMNH), 27.vi.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♂ (AMNH); Exu , 07°26′44″S 39°44′21″W, 1.vi.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, M.B. da Silva, and T.J. PortoGoogleMaps  , 1 ♀ (MZSP 31144/AMCC [LP 9955]), 1 juv. ♂ (MZSP 31143/AMCC [LP 9951]); Exu   GoogleMaps, 18 km E, 5. iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , under leaf of granite on boul- der, caatinga habitat  , 2 ♀, 68 1 st instars  (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 20 km E, 30.iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 2 juv. (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 3 km NW, 10. iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 3 juv. (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 3 km W, 30.v.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 2 ♂, 4 ♀, 4 juv. (AMNH), 1.vi.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♀ (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 5 km E, 8.v.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 juv. (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 5 km N, 6.iv.1977, L.J. Vitt  , caatinga, 1 ♂, 1 juv. (AMNH), 18.i.1978, L.J. Vitt  and K.E. Streilein, 1 juv. (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 6 km N, 15. iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , open fields (cotton), under fallen logs, 1 ♀, 1 juv. ♂ (AMNH); Exu   GoogleMaps, 6 km NE, 16.iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , under rock on larger rock, caatinga habitat, 1 ♀, 49 1 st instars  (AMNH); Fazenda Batente, 5 km NE Exu, 29. iii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 juv. (AMNH); Fazenda Caterino, 10 km NE Exu, 1.viii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 7 ♂, 3 ♀, 3 juv. (AMNH); Fazenda Chelonia, 8 km S Exu, 28.vii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 2 juv. (AMNH); Fazenda Guarani, 3 km N Exu, 14.vii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 1 subad., 3 juv. (AMNH); Fazenda Guarani, 5 km N Exu, 29.vii.1977, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♀, 3 juv. (AMNH), 19.ii.1978, L.J. Vitt  , 1 ♀ (AMNH); Serra Talhada, 07°58′11″S 38°19′16″W, 30.v.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, M.B. da Silva, and T.J. PortoGoogleMaps  , 2 ♀ (MZSP 31146/AMCC [LP 9943], MZSP 31147/AMCC [LP 9930]); Vitória do Santo Antão , 08°07′S 35°25′W, 28.v.2008, H.Y. Yamaguti, M.B. da Silva, and T.J. PortoGoogleMaps  , 1 ♀ (MZSP 31148/AMCC [LP 9946]). Piauí: Castelo do Piauí, 05°13′43″S 41°41′57″W, 13.viii.2008, R. Pinto-da-Rocha and L.S. CarvalhoGoogleMaps  , 1 ♂ (MZSP 31150/AMCC [LP 9961]), 1 ♀ (MZSP 31151/AMCC [LP 9941]). Sergipe: near Genipapo, vii.1982, O.F. Francke  , 1 ♂, 2 ♀ (AMNH); UHE Xingó, Canindé de São Francisco   GoogleMaps, 22.viii.2007, Arnaldo Jr., 1 ♀ (MZSP 30880/AMCC [LP 9683])  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Scorpiones

Family

Buthidae

Genus

Jaguajir

Loc

Jaguajir rochae ( Borelli, 1910 )

Lauren A. Esposito, Humberto Y. Yamaguti, Cláudio A. Souza, Ricardo Pinto-Da-Rocha & Lorenzo Prendini 2017
2017
Loc

barythenar:

Viquez 1935: 111
1935
Loc

Centruroides stenochirus:

Werner 1927: 357
1927
Loc

Rhopalurus barythenar:

Mello-Campos 1924: 252
1924
Loc

Rhopalurus rochai

: Mello-Campos 1924: 252
1924
Loc

Rhopalurus stenochirus:

Mello-Campos 1924: 252
1924
Loc

Centrurus stenochirus

Penther 1913: 240
1913
Loc

Centrurus barythenar

Penther 1913: 242
1913
Loc

Rhopalurus rochae

Borelli 1910: 3
1910