Charinus diamantinus, Miranda & Giupponi & Prendini & Scharff, 2021
Miranda, Gustavo Silva de, Giupponi, Alessandro P. L., Prendini, Lorenzo & Scharff, Nikolaj, 2021, Systematic revision of the pantropical whip spider family Charinidae Quintero, 1986 (Arachnida, Amblypygi), European Journal of Taxonomy 772, pp. 1-409 : 106-108
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Charinus diamantinus sp. nov.
This species may be separated from other Charinus in eastern South America by means of the following combination of characters: large size; small carina ventral to lateral eyes; cheliceral claw with 8–10 teeth; pedipalp tarsus with two or three dorsal spines ( Fig. 57D View Fig ); secondary sexual dimorphism present ( Fig. 58A–B View Fig ); leg IV basitibia with four pseudo-articles.
This species resembles C. euclidesi sp. nov., from which it may be differentiated by the smaller number of spines on the pedipalp femur and patella.
Adjective referring to the Diamantina Plateau , a geological formation in the Brazilian state of Bahia, where the type locality is located.
Paratypes BRAZIL • 1 ♀; Bahia, Andaraí ; Giupponi and Baptista leg.; MNRJ 9299 View Materials • 1 ♂; Gruna Lava Pé (Igatu 020), povoado Igatu , Andaraí ; A.P.L. Giupponi, G.S. Miranda, M.E. Bichuette and J.E. Gallão. leg.; MNRJ 9189 View Materials • 1 ♂, 1 juv.; Bahia, Povoado Igatu, Andaraí, Gruna Parede Vermelha (Igatu 010); 11 Mar. 2012; A.P.L. Giupponi, G.S. Miranda, M.E. Bichuette and J.E. Gallão leg.; MNRJ 9190 View Materials • 1 ♂; Bahia, Gruta do Lapão, Lençóis ; 9 Mar. 2012; MNRJ 9288 View Materials • 1 ex. [without gonopod], 1 juv.; Bahia, Igatu ; MNRJ 9203 View Materials • 2 ♂♂; Bahia, Igatu ; MNRJ 9300 View Materials .
CARAPACE. Weak carina ventral to lateral eyes, closer to carapace margin than to lateral eyes; frontal process large, subtriangular, not visible in dorsal view ( Fig. 57C View Fig ). Median eyes and median ocular tubercle present ( Fig. 57C View Fig ); median ocular tubercle shallow, slightly higher than carapace surface, with pair of small setae. Lateral eyes well developed, pale, small seta posterior to each lateral ocular triad ( Fig. 57A View Fig ).
STERNUM. Tritosternum projected anteriorly into small, blunt tubercle, barely surpassing base of pedipalp coxae ( Fig. 57B View Fig ); medial platelet (tetrasternum) and third platelet (pentasternum) forming single convex platelet, with pair of large setae anteriorly, and several small setae posteriorly; metasternum with anterior seta in membranous region; two or three setae forming longitudinal row posteriorly.
OPISTHOSOMA. Ventral sacs and ventral sac cover absent.
GENITALIA. Female genital operculum slightly convex, with several setae along margin and on surface; base of sucker-like gonopods sclerotized; small claws projecting from distal border. Male gonopod with thin sclerotized region in distal border of fistula and at base of lateral lobes; LoL2 fimbriate ( Fig. 59A– B View Fig ); LaM elongated, reaching LoD ( Fig. 59A–B View Fig ); LoD covered with denticulate projections ( Fig. 59C View Fig ).
CHELICERAE. Small tooth in retrolateral row of basal segment; prolateral surface with transverse row of ca ten small setae, from dorsal to ventral; three setae, retrolateral, retromedial, and prolateral, on dorsodistal margin, near membranous region of claw; claw with 8–10 teeth and row of setae on retrolateral surface from base to near apex (dorsal side).
PEDIPALPS. Coxal dorsal carina with five or six small setae and three or four setae on anterior margin. Femur with three distinct setiferous tubercles proximal to spine 1 ( Fig. 57E View Fig ); primary series with four dorsal spines and smaller spine between spines 1 and 2, and (in some specimens) between spines 2 or 3 ( Fig. 57E View Fig ); small spine, similar in size to spine 4 (suggesting a duplication) may also be present between spines 3 and 4 (present on sinistral pedipalp of adult female (MNRJ 9299), two adult males (MNRJ 9190 and MNRJ 9300), juvenile (MNRJ 9288), and, as smaller spine, on both pedipalps of adult male (MNRJ 9189; Fig. 57E View Fig ); four ventral spines, with small spine between spines 1 and 2 and between spines 2 or 3 ( Fig. 57F View Fig ); spine parallel to ventral spine 1, near base; large ventral spine proximal to spine 1. Patella with three dorsal spines ( Fig. 57E View Fig ); large setiferous tubercle distal to spine I, about one-third length of spine I; three ventral spines decreasing in size ( Fig. 57F View Fig ); two or three setiferous tubercles between spine I and distal margin. Tibia with two dorsal spines, proximal spine two-thirds length of distal spine; two or three ventral spines, longest spine in distal half and other(s) medially on tibia. Tarsus with three dorsal spines (also present in juveniles) ( Fig. 57D View Fig ); ventral row of cleaning brush with 24–27 setae.
LEGS. Tibia of leg I with 23 articles (up to 36 on regenerated legs), tarsus I with 41 articles (up to 57 on regenerated legs); leg apex with small modified claw, emerging from common base, with sensilla ventral to it ( Fig. 60A–B View Fig ); lateral claws smaller than medial claw ( Fig. 60A–C View Fig ); rod sensilla with six setae in shallow groove ( Fig. 60D View Fig ). Leg IV basitibia with four pseudo-articles; trichobothrium bt situated in proximal third; distal apex of pseudo-articles with dark, denticulate projection; distitibia trichobothrium bc situated closer to sbf than to bf; sc and sf series each with five trichobothria; distitarsus with marked white annulus distally on first article.
See Table 4 View Table 4 .
Occurs in several caves in the Diamantina Plateau , in the Brazilian state of Bahia.
Known only from caves. This is a large species with secondary sexual dimorphism, i.e., the pedipalps are larger in males than females.
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