Gesomyrmex germanicus , Dlussky, G. M., Wappler, T. & Wedmann, S., 2009

Dlussky, G. M., Wappler, T. & Wedmann, S., 2009, Fossil ants of the genus Gesomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Eocene of Europe and remarks on the evolution of arboreal ant communities., Zootaxa 2031, pp. 1-20: 10

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Gesomyrmex germanicus

sp. nov.

Gesomyrmex germanicus  HNS  sp. nov.

(Fig. 3A and Fig. 6I)

Derivation of the name. The species name is derived from the country of origin (Germany).

Holotype. NHMM PE-1997/29 ([[queen]]). Paratype: NHMM PE-1998/13 ([[queen]]). Other specimens ([[queen]][[queen]]): NHMM PE-1998/1, PE-1998/9.

Type locality and horizon. Eckfeld, Germany. Middle Eocene, ca. 44 Ma (Mertz et al. 2000).


Description. Gyne. BL 9-10 mm. Head subrectangular, about 1.3 times longer than wide, with feebly convex sides and posterior margin and rounded posterolateral corners. Anterior clypeal margin projected as small rounded lobe. Frontal carinae divergent. Eyes ovate, comparatively large: head about 3 times longer than maximum eye diameter. Ocelli large, distance between them a little more than their diameter. Scape does not reach posterior margin of eye, head 3 to 3.5 times longer than scape. Mandibles triangular with an acute apical tooth and some blunt teeth on the masticatory margin. Mesosoma about as wide as head. Scutum about as long as wide. Scutellum transverse. Forewing with very small trapezioid cell mcu. Whole body black. Wings colorless with dark veins and pterostigma.

Measurements (in mm). Holtype PE-1997/29: BL 9.7, AL 2.6, HL 2.0, HW 1.5, SL 0.61, ED 0.65; paratype PE-1998/13: BL 9.4, AL 2.7, HL 1.8, SL 0.60; specimen PE-1998/1: HL 1.75, specimen PE-1998/9: BL 9.0, AL 2.35, HL 1.5.


Germany, Mainz, Naturhistorisches Museum Mainz