Cynipidae Latreille, 1802

Forshage, Mattias, Bowdrey, Jeremy, Broad, Gavin R., Spooner, Brian M. & van Veen, Frank, 2017, Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Cynipoidea, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 8049-8049: 8049

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Cynipidae Latreille, 1802


Cynipidae Latreille, 1802 


Liljeblad and Ronquist (1998), Ronquist (1999) and Ronquist et al. (2015) employed a series of monophyletic tribes, in the absence of strong evidence for relationships above this level. Synonymy for Cynipidae  includes all names that have appeared in the British literature but does not necessarily include all Palaearctic names proposed as varieties or forms. For complete synonymy please see Melika (2006a) and Melika (2006b), also Nieves-Aldrey (2001). It should be borne in mind that future molecular studies may change our understanding of some species concepts and their alternating generations.