Pagurus aff. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859 ),

Lima, Daniel, Tavares, Marcos & Jr, Joel Braga De Mendonça, 2019, Paguroids (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae and Paguridae) of the remote oceanic Archipelago Trindade and Martin Vaz, off southeast Brazil, with new records, description of three new species and , Zootaxa 4694 (1), pp. 1-63: 37-40

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4694.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A24900FC-0D4F-499E-B7BB-566F6B7D350A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/87748C32-F830-F422-CE89-FD7DFC78F0FF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pagurus aff. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859 )
status

 

Pagurus aff. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859) 

( Figs. 19View FIGURE 19 A–E, 20A, B)

Eupagurus brevidactylus Stimpson, 1858: 237  [nomen nudum]; 1859: 45 [type locality: Bathsheba, Barbados, West Indies, neotype designed by McLaughlin 1975: 360]; Stimpson 1859: 91; Alcock 1905: 181.

Pagurus brevidactylus  .— Gordan 1956: 327; Fausto-Filho 1970: 71, 1974: 9; Felder 1973: 26; McLaughlin 1975: 360, figs. 1–3; Camp et al. 1977: 29; Heck 1977: 339; Felder & Chaney 1979: 10; Sánchez & Campos 1978: 41, fig. 13 [mislabeled as Pagurus annulipes ( Stimpson, 1860)  ]; Lemaitre et al. 1982: 675; Coelho & Ramos-Porto 1986: 40; Rieger 1998: 413; Melo 1999: 122, fig. 66; Boschi 2000: 104; Coelho et al. 2007: 10, tab. 4; Nucci & Melo 2007: 48 View Cited Treatment ; Almeida et al. 2010: 337; McLaughlin et al. 2010: 34; Lemaitre & Tavares 2015: 492 View Cited Treatment .

Pagurus miamensis Provenzano, 1959: 414  , fig. 21 [type locality: Miami Beach, Florida]; Provenzano 1960: 119, 1961: 158; Coelho 1964: 255; Pequegnat & Ray 1974: 243.

Pagurus miamensis miamensis Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1968: 116  , 124, figs. 97, 98; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 164: 255.

Pagurus miamensis uncifer Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1968: 122  , figs. 78, 79, 95, 98 [type locality: Sítio Forte Bay, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis]; Fausto-Filho 1970: 71; Coelho & Ramos 1972: 164; Scelzo & Boschi 1973: 214; McLaughlin 1974: 41.

Pagurus brevidactilus  .— Scelzo & Boschi 1973: 214 [misspelling]

Pagurus brevidactylus  .— Provenzano 1959: 412, fig. 20; Williams 1965: 132, fig. 107; Forest & de Saint Laurent 1968: 116, 12; McLaughlin 1974: 41; Mercando & Lytle 1980: 338 [= Pagurus carolinensis McLaughlin, 1975  , not Pagurus brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859)  ].

Trindade specimens. 1 male ( MZUSP 36255), Brazil, Espírito Santo, Trindade Island, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°31’01.3”S, 29°17’56.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 12.vii.2013, SCUBA, 10.8 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 ovigerous female, 1 female, 1 male ( MZUSP 36269), idem, Trindade Island, Ponta Norte , 20°29’18.7”S, 29°20’18.3”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 01.iv.2014GoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36288), idem, Ponta Norte , 20°29’18.7”S, 29°20’18.3”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 23.vi.2016, SCUBA, 11.3 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36258), idem, Praia dos Cabritos , 20°29”32.0”S, 29°19’46.5”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 28.iv.2014, SCUBA, 9.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36248), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 24.x.2014, SCUBA, 15.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36217), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 18.iv.2014, SCUBA, 12.1 mGoogleMaps  ; 3 ovigerous females, 1 male, 1 female ( MZUSP 36260), idem, Enseada de Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 06.vii.2013, SCUBA, 14 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36294), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’32.3”S, 29°20’32.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 22.vi.2012GoogleMaps  ; 1 female ( MZUSP 36304), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 01.vii.2016, SCUBA, 9.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36310), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 20.x.2014, SCUBA, 14.1 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36221), idem, Praia das Orelhas , 20°29’40.2”S, 29°20’32.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 21.vii.2015, SCUBA, 15 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36381), idem, Enseada do Príncipe, Pedra da Garoupa , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 15.vii.2013, SCUBA, 14.3 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36242), idem, Praia do Príncipe, 20°31’20.1”S, 29°18’34.7”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2012, SCUBA, 12.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 ovigerous females, 1 male, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36249), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 20.v.2014, SCUBA, 13.1 mGoogleMaps  ; 4 males, 2 females ( MZUSP 36261), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 06.vii.2015, SCUBA, 12.6 mGoogleMaps  ; 3 males, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36264), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 08.iv.2014, SCUBA, 12.9 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36267), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 06.vii.2015, SCUBAGoogleMaps  ; 6 males, 3 ovigerous females ( MZUSP 36292), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 23.x.2014, SCUBA, 12.5 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36293), idem, Praia dos Portugueses , 20°30’17.7”S, 29°18’56.7”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 08.vii.2015, SCUBA, 11.6 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36325), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 10.vii.2012, SCUBA, 13.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36262), idem, Ponta do Monumento , 20°30’10.3”S, 29°20’36.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 16.vi.2012, SCUBA, 12.1 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36317), idem, Ponta do Monumento , 20°30’10.3”S, 29°30’36.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 02.iv.2014, SCUBA, 8.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36066), idem, Ponta do Monumento , 20°30’10.3”S, 29°20’36.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 16.vi.2012, 12.1 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 39878), idem, Ponta da Calheta , 20°30’18.72”S, 29°18’31.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 04.xii.2017, SCUBA, 17.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 female, 2 males ( MZUSP 36253), idem, Ponta da Calheta , 20°30’18.7”S, 29°18’31.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 20.v.2014, SCUBA, 16.3 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36414), idem, Ponta da Calheta , 20°30’18.72”S, 29°18’31.67”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 25.vi.2015, artificial reef substrateGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36300), idem, Praia da Calheta , 20°30’29.5”S, 29°18’37.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 10.iv.2014, snorkeling, 5 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 ovigerous females, 2 males, 1 female ( MZUSP 36254), idem, Ilha da Racha , 20°30’26.5”S, 29°20’48.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 01.vii.2016, SCUBA, 21.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 females, 2 males ( MZUSP 36279), idem, Ilha da Racha , 20°30’26.5”S, 29°20’48”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 01.vii.2016, SCU- BA, 21.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36312), idem, Ilha da Racha , 20°30’26.5”S, 29°2048.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 16.vii.2012, SCUBA, 24.9 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 female ( MZUSP 36287), idem, Ponta dos Andradas, 20°30’45.7”S, 29°18’21.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 21.vii.2013, tide poolGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36257), idem, Praia dos Andradas , 20°30’45.7”S, 29°18’21.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 24.vii.2013, SCUBA, 12.3 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 males ( MZUSP 36268), idem, Enseada do Lixo , 20°31’33.9”S, 29°19’33.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 24.vi.2012; 1 ovigerous femaleGoogleMaps  , 3 males ( MZUSP 36297), idem, Praia do Lixo , 20°31’29.8”S, 29°19’43.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 04.xi.2014, SCUBA, 15.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 4 males ( MZUSP 36318), idem, Enseada do Lixo , 20°31’29.8”S, 29°19’43.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 22.iv.2014, SCUBA, 14.5 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 33016), idem, Ilha Sul , 20°31’34”S, 29°19’27.98”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., SCUBA, 22.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36272), idem, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°31’01.3”S, 29°17’56.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 03.vii.2013GoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36295), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 20.vi.2012, SCUBA, 11.8 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36298), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 04.iv.2014, SCUBA, 12.2 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36307), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 25.x.2014, SCUBA, 10.7 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 female ( MZUSP 36308), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’29.8”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 13.xi.2014, SCUBA, 18.8 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 female ( MZUSP 36303), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 08.vii.2013, SCUBA, 9.5 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36326), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira , 20°30’57.1”S, 29°20’15.2”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 09.vii.2012, SCUBA, 13.8 mGoogleMaps  ; 3 males, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36252), idem, Enseada da Cachoeira, Farrilhões , 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 09.vii.2013, SCUBA, 10.4 mGoogleMaps  ; 2 females ( MZUSP 36259), idem, Paredão , 20°31’36.9”S, 29°18’14.3”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2012, SCUBA, 19 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36290), idem, Paredão , 30°31’36.9”S, 29°18’14.3”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 20.vi.2012, SCUBA, 20 mGoogleMaps  ; Comparative material examined. Pagurus brevidactylus    : 1 male ( MZUSP 34613), United States, Texas, Murphy’s Reef off South Padre Island , 26°23’N, 97°00’W, M. Wicksten coll., 10.viii.2006, SCUBA, 32 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male, 1 female ( MZUSP 9440), Brazil, Pernambuco, Fernando de Noronha, Ponta da Sapata , P.S. Young coll., 03.xii.1988  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36225), Brazil, Pernambuco, Fernando de Noronha, Ilha da Rata, Buraco do Inferno , 03°48’31.24”S, 32°22’52.71”W, L.R. Simone coll., 05.v.2013, 5– 10 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male, 1 ovigerous female ( MZUSP 36038), Brazil, Paraíba, João Pessoa , “Queimado” shipwreck, 07°05.070’S, 34°44.852’W, L.R. Simone coll., SCUBA, 15 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 13380), Brazil, Bahia, Salvador, Praia de Itapuã , L.R. Simone coll., 23–27.ii.1997  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 28040), Brazil, Bahia, Boipeba, Castelhanos , sta 8, 13°39.957’S, 38°53.582’W, Tavares et al. coll., 19.ix.2012GoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 22153), Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Angra dos Reis, Ilha Jorge Grego , V.S. Amaral & A.P. Dornellos coll., 08/ 09.viii.2009  ; 1 male, 1 female ( MZUSP 28300), Brazil, São Paulo, São Sebastião, Arquipélago de Alcatrazes, sta Ponto 1— Costa Sul Portinho , 24°06’22.01”S, 45°41’36.26”W, L.R. Simone et al., coll., 04.xii.2012GoogleMaps  ; 2 males (32772), Brazil, São Paulo, São Sebastião, Parcel da Pedra Lisa, sta Ponto 5, 23°46’S, 45°15’W, IV Workshop of Neograstropoda coll., 25–30.viii.2014, 0–10 mGoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 13808), Brazil, Santa Catarina, Porto Belo, xii.1998  ; 1 male ( MZUSP 16961), Brazil, Santa Catarina, Ilha do Arvoredo, Andrea-FURG coll  .

Distribution. Bermuda, Florida, Gulf of Mexico, throughout the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic coast of South America from Venezuela to Santa Catarina, Brazil ( Lemaitre & Tavares 2015). Trindade Island, this study.

Color. In life ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A–E), shield with reddish brown, longitudinal stripes/spots laterally on a whitish background; posteromedian plate with many small white spots on a light purple background, extending to the posterior branchiostergite. Ocular peduncles distinctly bicolor, pale brown proximally, dark blue to black distally; corneas reddish; ocular acicles white. Antennular and antennal peduncles pale blue or royal blue; antennal flagellum brown, interrupted every 3–6 articles by 2 white articles. Chelipeds with propodi, carpi, and meri white with broad pale or dark brown patch proximally. Ambulatory legs whitish, sometimes with longitudinal pale orange stripes; dactyli and propodi each with one proximal, transverse dark band; carpi and meri each with one median, transverse dark band.

Remarks. For many years there have been evidences for the existence of cryptic species in P. brevidactylus  , including differences in color pattern ( Lemaitre et al. 1982; Lemaitre & Tavares 2015). Pagurus brevidactylus  is widely distributed in the western Atlantic shores from Bermuda (~ 32°N) to Santa Catarina, Brazil (~ 27°S), but is also known from the oceanic islands of Fernando de Noronha ( Nucci & Melo 2007) and Trindade (this report). The color pattern in life for P. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859)  s. str. was described in detail by McLaughlin (1975) based on the male neotype, sl 2.1 mm, obtained from the type locality, Barbados (~ 13°N). The population from Trindade (~ 20°S) diverge in color pattern from the specimens from northern localities (for instance Barbados, aff. MacLaughlin 1975; Saint Martin, Fig. 19FView FIGURE 19), but in the absence of additional evidence it is herein, only tentatively, attributed to P. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859)  .

Pagurus aff. brevidactylus  differs in color pattern from P. brevidactylus  s. str. (cf. McLaughlin 1975) in having (1) ocular peduncles distinctly bicolor, with a pale brown transverse band proximally and a dark blue to black distal band, Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A–E (vs. “ocular peduncles mottled light pink with brownish and greenish-black stripes” throughout the length of the peduncle in P. brevidactylus  , Fig. 19FView FIGURE 19); (2) antennular peduncles distinctly blue, Fig. 19A, CView FIGURE 19 (vs. antennular peduncles “greenish or brownish-black” in P. brevidactylus  , Fig. 19FView FIGURE 19); (3) ambulatory legs whitish, occassionally with slender, longitudinal pale orange stripes; dactyli and propodi each with one proximal, transverse dark band each; carpus and merus with one median, transverse dark band each, Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A–D (vs. ambulatory legs “white with dorsal, lateral, mesial and ventral longitudinal [distinct] stripes of greenish or brownish black and darker broad transverse band medially on each segment, lateral faces also with median longitudinal stripe of red or reddish-brown, occasionally greenish-brown” in P. brevidactylus  , Fig. 19FView FIGURE 19).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Paguridae

Genus

Pagurus

Loc

Pagurus aff. brevidactylus ( Stimpson, 1859 )

Lima, Daniel, Tavares, Marcos & Jr, Joel Braga De Mendonça 2019
2019
Loc

Pagurus miamensis miamensis

Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 255
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 164
Forest, J. & de Saint Laurent, M. 1968: 116
1972
Loc

Eupagurus brevidactylus

McLaughlin, P. A. 1975: 360
Alcock, A. 1905: 181
Stimpson, W. 1859: 91
Stimpson, W. 1858: 237
Loc

Pagurus brevidactylus

Lemaitre, R. & Tavares, M. 2015: 492
Almeida, O. A. & Souza, G. B. G. & Boehs, G. & Bezerra, L. E. A. 2010: 337
McLaughlin, P. A. & Komai, T. & Lemaitre, R. & Rahayu, D. L. 2010: 34
Coelho, P. A. & Almeida, A. O. & Bezerra, L. E. A. & Souza-Filho, J. F. 2007: 10
Nucci, P. R. & Melo, G. A. S. de 2007: 48
Boschi, E. E. 2000: 104
Melo, G. A. S. 1999: 122
Rieger, P. J. 1998: 413
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos-Porto, M. A. 1986: 40
Lemaitre, R. & McLaughlin, P. A. & Garcia-Gomez, J. 1982: 675
Felder, D. L. & Chaney, A. H. 1979: 10
Sanchez, H. & Campos, N. H. 1978: 41
Camp, D. K. & Whiting, N. H. & Martin, R. E. 1977: 29
Heck, K. L. 1977: 339
McLaughlin, P. A. 1975: 360
Fausto-Filho, J. 1974: 9
Felder, D. L. 1973: 26
Fausto-Filho, J. 1970: 71
Gordan, J. 1956: 327
Loc

Pagurus miamensis

Pequegnat, L. H. & Ray, J. P. 1974: 243
Coelho, P. A. 1964: 255
Provenzano, A. J. Jr. 1961: 158
Provenzano, A. J. Jr. 1960: 119
Provenzano, A. J. Jr. 1959: 414
Loc

Pagurus miamensis uncifer

McLaughlin, P. A. 1974: 41
Scelzo, M. A. & Boschi, E. E. 1973: 214
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 164
Fausto-Filho, J. 1970: 71
Forest, J. & de Saint Laurent, M. 1968: 122
Loc

Pagurus brevidactilus

Scelzo, M. A. & Boschi, E. E. 1973: 214
Loc

Pagurus brevidactylus

Mercando, N. A. & Lytle, C. F. 1980: 338
McLaughlin, P. A. 1974: 41
Forest, J. & de Saint Laurent, M. 1968: 116
Williams, A. B. 1965: 132
Provenzano, A. J. Jr. 1959: 412