Triplophysa

Li, Jinlu, Liu, Naifa & Yang, Junxing, 2007, A brief review of Triplophysa (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) species from the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang, China, with description of a new species, Zootaxa 1605, pp. 47-58: 54-55

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.178778

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0C563006-C139-4655-9AA9-B72155061F7A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/87610C46-FF9F-180A-FF5E-AAD4FA1A4BA3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Triplophysa
status

 

Key to Triplophysa  species in the Tarim Basin

1 No subocular groove delimiting two groups of breeding tubercles on the sides of the head, breeding tubercles restricted to a triangular area on the antero-inferior side of the eye; anterior chamber and capsule of air bladder strongly developed ........................................................................ T. yarkandensis yarkandensis 

- Subocular groove delimiting two groups of breeding tubercles on the sides of the head, breeding tubercles present from the eye almost to the insertion of the maxillary barbel; anterior chamber and capsule of air

bladder normal............................................................................................................................................. 2 2 Free posterior portion of air bladder rudimentary ....................................................................................... 3

- Free portion of air bladder developed.......................................................................................................... 6

3 Lateral line incomplete or lateral pores gradually more sparse toward caudal base; except young specimen, pelvic fins generally not extending beyond anus .................................................................. T. microps 

- Lateral line complete; pelvic fins extending beyond anus........................................................................... 4

4 Dorsal fin origin closer to snout tip than to caudal fin base; edge of lower jaw not sharp ....... T. ladacensis 

- Dorsal fin origin closer to caudal fin base than to snout tip; edge of lower jaw sharp................................ 5

5 Caudal peduncle depth reduced sharply towards caudal fin base; caudal peduncle round, at posterior end of anal fin base, caudal peduncle width equal or bigger than its height; caudal fin deeply emarginate........ ....................................................................................................................................................... T. stenura 

- Caudal peduncle depth not reduced sharply towards caudal fin base; caudal peduncle compressed, at posterior end of anal fin base, caudal peduncle width smaller than its height; caudal fin emarginate. .............. .................................................................................................................................................... T.stoliczkae 

6 Caudal peduncle depth reduced sharply towards caudal fin base; caudal peduncle round, width of caudal peduncle at posterior end of anal fin base equal to or bigger than caudal peduncle height ........................ 7

- Caudal peduncle depth not reduced sharply towards caudal fin base; caudal peduncle compressed, width of caudal peduncle at posterior end of anal fin base smaller than caudal peduncle height. ...................... 10

7 Lateral line incomplete or lateral pores gradually more sparse towards caudal base; free posterior portion of air bladder directly connecting to anterior encapsulated portion ............................................. T. stewarti 

- Lateral line complete; free posterior portion of air bladder connecting to anterior encapsulated portion with long tube .............................................................................................................................................. 8

8 D iii–v, 7–8 (7); BD/SL(%)=11.5–18.2; upper lip normal; interorbital space flat ....... T.papilloso  –labiatus

- D iii–v, 7–9 (8); BD/SL(%)=9.3–12.5; lateral projection of upper lip covering insertions of mandibular barbels; interorbital space convex ............................................................................................................... 9

9 PDL/SL(%)= 49–50; adpressed dorsal fin tip and tips of pelvic fins reaching vertical of anal fin origin; dark-colored with small epithelia protrusions that do not differ from basic background coloration ............ ..................................................................................................................................................... T.incipiens 

- PDL/SL(%)= 41–44; adpressed dorsal fin tip and tips of pelvic fins not reaching vertical of anal fin origin; light-colored with larger, whitish epithelia protrusions distinctly standing out against basic background... ................................................................................................................................................. T. bombifrons 

10 Free posterior portion of air bladder directly connecting to anterior encapsulated portion ...................... 11

- Free posterior portion of air bladder connecting to anterior encapsulated portion with long tube............ 12

11 Dorsal profile cuneiform, highest body point near origin of pectoral fin; free posterior portion of air blad- der spherical; intestine longer, 2–3 loops, with end of most anterior bend at least at middle part of stomachic dilatation. .............................................................................................................. T.zamegacephala 

- Dorsal profile slightly arched, highest body point at origin of dorsal fin; free posterior portion of air blad- der narrow and elongate; intestine shorter, only 2 single bends immediately behind posterior end of stomachic dilatation ......................................................................................................................... T.orientalis 

12 D iii, 8; lips smooth; length of free posterior portion of air bladder much smaller than length of long tube; outer rostral barbel reaching vertical of posterior naris, mandibular barbel length contained 1.5 times in snout length .............................................................................................................................. T. microphysa 

- D iii, 7; lips strongly papillated; length of free portion of air bladder almost equal to length of long tube; outer rostral barbel surpassing vertical of anterior margin of eye, mandibular barbel length contained 0.8– 1.3 times in snout length ..................................................................................................... T  . laterimaculata