Pholcus buatong

Berhard A. Huber, Booppa Petchard, Charles Leh Moi Ung, Joseph K. H. Koh & Amir R. M. Ghazali, 2016, The Southeast Asian Pholcus halabala species group (Araneae, Pholcidae): new data from field observations and ultrastructure, European Journal of Taxonomy 190, pp. 1-55 : 38

publication ID 10.5852/ejt.2016.190

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Pholcus buatong


Pholcus buatong View in CoL species group

This species group is newly proposed to include one species previously part of the Ph. halabala group ( Ph. satun Huber, 2011 ), one species previously tentatively assigned to the Pholcus ethagala group ( Ph. schwendingeri Huber, 2011 ), and a newly described species ( Ph. buatong Huber , sp. nov.). They share three putative synapomorphies, (1) the complete reduction of distal anterior apophyses on the male chelicerae ( Fig. 156 View Figs 154 – 158 ); (2) the very distinctive dorsal bulging of the male palpal patella ( Fig. 155 View Figs 154 – 158 ; angle between femur and patella ~120–125° rather than ~180° as in typical pholcids); and (3) the large, heavily sclerotized ‘knob’ on the epigynum ( Figs 184, 187, 190 View Figs 184 – 192 ). The group is strongly supported by preliminary molecular data (A. Valdez-Mondragón, B.A. Huber & D. Dimitrov unpublished data). Pholcus schwendingeri and Ph. buatong sp. nov. also share a distinctive whitish membranous process retrolatero-distally on the procursus (arrows in Figs 155 View Figs 154 – 158 , 180 View Figs 173 – 183 ). Otherwise this group appears rather inhomogeneous: Pholcus schwendingeri males have extremely long eye stalks ( Fig. 173 View Figs 173 – 183 ) while males of the other two species have short eye stalks ( Fig. 155 View Figs 154 – 158 ); Pholcus buatong sp. nov. is rock-dwelling while the other two species are leaf litter dwelling; Pholcus satun has small AME, while the other two species lack AME; Pholcus satun males have only one bulbal process (sclerotized embolus), while males of the other two species have a membranous embolus plus an appendix. In all three species, egg-sacs are carried in front of the body ( Figs 145, 152 View Figs 143 – 152 ) as in typical pholcids. This species group is known from southern Thailand and northern mainland Malaysia ( Fig. 153 View Fig. 153 ).













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