Zinophora mudenensis, Redman & Hamer & Barraclough, 2003

Redman, Guy T., Hamer, Michelle L. & Barraclough, David A., 2003, Revision of the Harpagophoridae (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida) of southern Africa, including descriptions of five new species, African Invertebrates 44 (2), pp. 203-277 : 249-251

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.7666308

persistent identifier


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scientific name

Zinophora mudenensis

sp. nov.

Zinophora mudenensis View in CoL sp. n. Redman

Figs 2 View Fig , 127–135 View Figs 127–135

Type material (examined): Holotype: SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal: 1ơ, Mhlopeni Nature Reserve (29˚ 01.072S:30˚ 24.846E), 1.xi.2000, G. Redman ( NMSA 18948 View Materials ). Paratypes: SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal: 12ơ3^, same data as holotype except 29˚ 00.508S:30˚ 24.373E ( NMSA 18924 View Materials ) GoogleMaps .

Etymology: The species is named for the district in which it was collected (Muden).

Diagnosis: One short, proximally broad and flattened femoral spine ( Fig. 130 View Figs 127–135 ). Posterior telocoxal fold distally convex, with lateral protrusion curling orally ( Figs 129, 131 View Figs 127–135 ). Telocoxal spine prominent and medially and proximally directed ( Fig. 129 View Figs 127–135 ).


Dimensions: Males, n = 12; females, n = 3. Body width 8.0, 6–8 [6.9], female 7.0–9.5; collum width 7.4, 6.0–7.4 [6.7], female 5.7–8.2; body length 79.0, 65.0–85.0 [75.6], female 57.0–76.0; leg length 4.9, 4.1–4.9, female 3.4–4.5; antenna length 7.0, 5.0–7.0 [6.0], female 5.0–6.2.



Number of segments: 48, 46–49 [48], female 45–48.

Colour: Head reddish to maroon and clypeus brown with reddish tinge. Collum dark maroon. Prozonites light brown to yellow, mesozonites red, and metazonites dark maroon. Pre-anal ring reddish to maroon. Legs and antennae dark red to maroon.

First ozopore: Segment 6.

Collum: Anterior corner rounded with one submarginal groove ( Fig. 127 View Figs 127–135 ).

Gonopods: One distally directed, short, flattened femoral spine present, with width subequal to anterior limb of telopodite and with apex concealed under posterior telocoxal fold ( Figs 129–132 View Figs 127–135 ). Pectinophore curved towards thumb apically. Distal margin of thumb dentate with about five cusps. Second lamella broadening apically and curled away from apical elements ( Figs 134, 135 View Figs 127–135 ). Telocoxal spine smooth with broad base and curved downwards ( Figs 129, 131 View Figs 127–135 ). Lateral, distal margin of telocoxite with projection bearing serrated edges curled orally ( Fig. 133 View Figs 127–135 ). Margin of posterior telocoxal fold distally convex and sloping diagonally over anterior telocoxal fold, partly concealing telocoxal spine and not overlapping opposite posterior telocoxal fold ( Figs 129, 131, 133 View Figs 127–135 ).

Pre-anal ring: Caudal spine extending well beyond margin of anal valve and upturned distally.

Distribution: Current records are from Mhlopeni Nature Reserve and the Muden area immediately surrounding the reserve ( Fig. 2 View Fig ). The area is a combination of grassland, savanna and valley thicket habitats.

Remarks: This species most closely resembles Z. pearlae , but Z. pearlae has two femoral spines, and there are also other small differences in the telocoxite and apical element structure.

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