Tainarys aroeira, Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017, The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae, Zootaxa 4232 (4), pp. 535-567: 538-545

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1218CDD3-7F4B-411F-BE24-55464EC26656

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C5B8799-FF97-5A35-6D9A-8265FD5F0A22

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tainarys aroeira
status

sp. n.

Tainarys aroeira  sp. n.

( Figs 1View FIGURES 1 – 7, 8View FIGURES 8 – 21, 22View FIGURES 22 – 35, 36View FIGURES 36 – 49, 50View FIGURES 50 – 63, 64, 78View FIGURES 64 – 80, 81View FIGURES 81 – 88, 89View FIGURES 89 – 99, 102View FIGURES 100 – 114, 115View FIGURES 115 – 127, 128View FIGURES 128 – 139, 140View FIGURES 140 – 151, 152View FIGURES 152 – 160, 161View FIGURES 161 – 171, 172View FIGURES 172 – 184)

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: Goiás, Goiânia , 18.v.2016, Myracrodruon urundeuva (J. F. Silva)  ( MZSP, dry mounted). 

Paratypes. Brazil: Distrito Federal: 4 ♂, 4 ♀, Brasília , 28.vi.1998, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , Schinopsis brasiliensis (D. Navia)  IIE23946View Materials /4 ( BMNH, dry mounted);  Goiás: 3 ♂, 22 ♀, 4 immatures, same data as holotype ( MZSP, NHMB, dry and slide mounted);  Minas Gerais: 1 ♀, 1 skin, Vazante , S17°58.1' W46°54.3', 723 m, 27.xii.2011, disturbed vegetation along dirt road, Astronium fraxinifolium (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  #25(2) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol)GoogleMaps  ; 9 ♀, 20 immatures, 11 skins, same but Vazante , Fazenda Bainha, S 17°52.9–53.0' W46°55.0', 660–670 m, 26.xii.2011, cerrado, forest edge around farm; sweeping vegetation, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #23(3)  ; 1 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha , Guariba, S 17°52.7‒8' W46°55.1‒2', 640–660 m, 20.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest, Pouteria gardneri  , #13(9)  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, Paiadão , S17°53.5' W46°55.3/4', 670 m, 21.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest, Astronium graveolens  , #15(5)  ; 3 ♂, 5 ♀, 1 immature, same but Fazenda Bainha , Córrego Curtume, S 17°53.1/9' W46°55.3/4', 650–660 m, 21–22.ix.2011, cerrado along river, Myracrodruon urundeuva  and Eugenia  sp., #16(2), 16(4) ( NHMB, dry mounted, 70% ethanol)  ; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, near source of Curtume river , S17°53.3/7' W46°55.2', 640–690 m, 11.ix.2014, Myracrodruon urudeuva  , degraded cerrado vegetation, #145(1) ( NHMB, dry mounted); 2 immatures, Janaúba, 27.v.2014, fragments of dry forest, Myracrodruon urundeuva (L. C. P. Gardoni)  ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol);  Mato Grosso do Sul, 1 ♂, 9 ♀, 8 immatures Jardim , near BR267, S21°27.0/28.0’ W55°47.5/48.2’, 380–440 m, 18– 20.xi.2012, Cerrado edge along unpaved road, gallery forest along river, single trees in field, Myracrodruon urundeuva (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  #76(14) ( NHMB, slide mounted, 70% ethanol)  ; 1 ♂, Bodoquena, Fazenda Boca da Onça , S20°44.5’ W56°44.1’, 270 m, 15.ix.2013 (D. L. Queiroz) #583 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 1 skins, same but Bonito, on grounds of Hotel Cabanas , S21°10.3’ W56°26.5‒7’, 250‒320 m, 19.ix.2013, #584, 586 ( NHMB, slide mounted, 70% ethanol).  São Paulo, 1 ♀, Matão, Araraquara, Fazenda Cambuhy , 20– 27.ix.2006, short suction trap (P. Yamamoto) FSCA #E 2007-2655 ( FSCA, 70% ethanol). 

Description. Adult. Colouration. Head and thorax dirty whitish. Vertex with yellow foveae and dark antennal insertions. Eyes grey, ocelli orange. Antenna whitish, with apices of segments 4, 6 and 8 as well as entire segments 9 and 10 dark brown; dark colour on segments 4 and 6 sometimes reduced to the rhinaria. Thorax with orangebrown pattern consisting of two sublateral dots on either side of pronotum, two anterior spots on mesopraescutum and four longitudinal bands on mesoscutum. Forewing dirty greyish-yellowish, semi-transparent, with sparse indistinct brown dots mostly in the apical part of wing; apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4, Cu1a and Cu1b brown, sometimes indistinct, darker than surrounding area ( Figs 1View FIGURES 1 – 7, 8View FIGURES 8 – 21). Hindwing semi-transparent, whitish. Legs with yellow or brown apical tarsal segment. Abdomen yellowish dorsally, whitish ventrally.

Structure. Vertex ( Figs 36View FIGURES 36 – 49, 50View FIGURES 50 – 63) 1.8 times as wide as long, surface finely punctured; genae evenly rounded; frons small, rectangular. Antenna ( Fig. 64, 78View FIGURES 64 – 80) with one subapical rhinarium on each of segments 4, 6, 8 and 9; all flagellar segments of similar width; relative length of antennal flagellar segments = 1.0/ 0.6/ 0.5/ 0.6/ 0.6/ 0.6/ 0.4/ 0.5; segment 3 shorter than segments 4 and 5 together; terminal setae about 0.9 and 0.6 times as long as segment 10. Clypeus subglobular. Pronotum transverse, weakly curved, short, about 6 times as wide as long. Meso- and metascutellum transverse, weakly raised. Metacoxa with meracanthus forming medium sized tubercle bearing moderately long, subcylindrical membranous process on the trochanteral cavity. Metatibia with an open crown of 7–8 apical sclerotised spurs. Forewing ( Figs 1View FIGURES 1 – 7, 8View FIGURES 8 – 21) rhomboidal, apex broadly, symmetrically rounded; vein C+Sc almost straight, slender; vein Rs weakly curved backwards; vein M1+2 curved backwards; membrane semitransparent; surface spinules ( Fig. 22View FIGURES 22 – 35) densely, irregularly spaced, present in all cells, covering membrane up to the veins; radular spinules forming broad, ill-defined bands along wing margin in cell m1, m2, and cu1. Terminalia as in Figs 89View FIGURES 89 – 99, 102View FIGURES 100 – 114, 115View FIGURES 115 – 127, 128View FIGURES 128 – 139, 140View FIGURES 140 – 151. Male subgenital plate, in profile, subrectangular with angular dorsal margin. Paramere bearing obliquely inclined posterior lobe which is posteriorly rounded; inner face bearing a group of weakly sclerotised long, thick setae in apical half. Distal portion of aedeagus weakly inflated apically. Female proctiger cuneate, subacute apically. Subgenital plate sparsely pilose, subacute apically.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (1 ♂, 1 ♀). Head width (HW) 0.64, antenna length (AL) 0.70–0.76 (0.73±0.04), forewing length (WL) 1.68–1.90 (1.79±0.16), metatibia length (TL) 0.44–0.54 (0.49±0.07), male proctiger length (MP) 0.30, paramere length 0.20, length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.18, female proctiger length (FP) 0.66.—AL/HW 1.09–1.19 (1.14±0.07), WL/HW 2.63–2.97 (2.80±0.24), WL/forewing width 2.26– 2.33 (2.30±0.05), metafemur length/TL 0.70–1.00 (0.85±0.21), TL/HW 0.69–0.84 (0.77±0.11), MP/HW 0.47, FP/ HW 1.03, FP/circumanal ring length 4.71, FP/subgenital plate length 1.38.

Fifth instar immature ( Fig. 152View FIGURES 152 – 160). Colouration. Body yellowish, sclerites light brown. Antenna yellow with apex dark brown to black. Apex of rostrum almost black. Wing buds light brown. Apices of tarsi brown. Abdomen slightly orange.

Structure. Body outline subrectangular. Antennae 9-segmented with one rhinarium on each of segments 3, 5, 7 and 8 ( Fig. 161View FIGURES 161 – 171). Head glabrous dorsally, wing buds with a few scattered simple setae dorsally. Thoracic tergites very small. Forewing bud moderately large, without humeral lobes. Margin of forewing bud bearing 8‒11 short to moderately long, simple setae, that of hindwing pad 2‒3 simple setae and one lanceolate seta. Legs relatively long and slender with fused tibiotarsus, claws absent; apex of tarsus slender, curved; tarsal arolium very small. Caudal plate truncate apically, bearing marginal slender lanceolate setae and four pointed lanceolate setae on either side; dorsum covered in scale-like microsculpture with just a few setae. Anus terminal; circumanal ring consisting of one row of elongate pores, small; each an additional oval-shaped pore field present on either side of circumanal ring, consisting of several rows of pores ( Fig. 172View FIGURES 172 – 184).

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (4 immatures). Body length (BL) 1.44–1.84 (1.60±0.17), antenna length (AL) 0.50–0.60 (0.57±0.05), forewing pad length (WL) 0.52–0.62 (0.58±0.04), caudal plate length (CPL) 0.20– 0.30 (0.24±0.05), caudal plate width (CPW) 0.56–0.70 (0.62±0.06).—BL/body width 1.48–1.53 (1.51±0.03), WL/ AL 0.97–1.07 (1.03±0.04), CPL/caudal plate width 0.32–0.43 (0.38±0.05), CPW/circumanal ring width 4.83–6.20 (5.62±0.58).

Etymology. Named after its host plants Astronium  and Myracrodruon  , whose Brazilian common name is ‘aroeira’.

Distribution. Brazil (Distrito Federal, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo).

Host plants. Astronium fraxinifolium Schott  , A. graveolens Jacq.  , Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão  ( Anacardiaceae  ). Some adults were collected on Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl.  ( Anacardiaceae  ) which is a likely host. The immatures induce irregular leaf roll galls.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

NHMB

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphalaridae

Genus

Tainarys