Tainarys,

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017, The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae, Zootaxa 4232 (4), pp. 535-567: 537-538

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1218CDD3-7F4B-411F-BE24-55464EC26656

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C5B8799-FF96-5A3C-6D9A-8521FA140EDD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tainarys
status

 

Key to Tainarys  species

Adults

1 Forewing with cross-veins between veins Rs and M1+2, as well as M3+4 and Cu1a ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 8 – 21); lacking surface spinules ( Fig. 31View FIGURES 22 – 35). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 97View FIGURES 89 – 99, 110View FIGURES 100 – 114, 123View FIGURES 115 – 127, 147View FIGURES 140 – 151. Argentina, Chile..................................... venata 

- Forewing without cross-veins ( Figs 8‒16, 18‒21View FIGURES 8 – 21)............................................................ 2

2 Apices of veins Rs and M1+2 of forewing curved towards fore margin; vein C+Sc wide ( Figs 18‒21View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules absent or indistinct ( Figs 32‒35View FIGURES 22 – 35). Vertex width/length ratio ± 1.4........................................................3

- Apices of veins Rs and M1+2 of forewing straight or curved backwards, ending at outer wing margin; vein C+Sc narrow ( Figs 8‒16View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules present or absent ( Figs 22‒30View FIGURES 22 – 35). Vertex width/length ratio> 1.5...............................6

3 Forewing with dark patch in the middle, in cells r2 and m2 ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 89View FIGURES 89 – 99, 111View FIGURES 100 – 114, 124View FIGURES 115 – 127, 137View FIGURES 128 – 139, 148View FIGURES 140 – 151. Male paramere bent backwards in apical third; inner face bearing 5–8 strongly sclerotized black pegs. Female subgenital plate with dense basal pilosity which becomes gradually sparser towards apex. Argentina, Chile.................. sordida 

- Forewing lacking dark patch in the middle, in cells r2 and m2 ( Figs 19‒21View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male paramere bent backwards from the middle; inner face bearing 8–12 strongly sclerotised black pegs ( Figs 99‒101, 112‒114View FIGURES 89 – 99View FIGURES 100 – 114). Female subgenital plate with 3–5 transverse rows of densely spaced setae at base which strongly contrast with the other setae ( Figs 149‒151View FIGURES 140 – 151)...................... 4

4 Antenna entirely, conspicuously black (7, 49, 77); segment 3 less than a quarter as long as antennal flagellum ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 64 – 80). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 101, 114View FIGURES 100 – 114, 127View FIGURES 115 – 127, 139View FIGURES 128 – 139, 151View FIGURES 140 – 151. Brazil......................................... nigricornis 

- Antenna with at least segment 3 light; segment 3 more than a quarter as long as antennal flagellum ( Figs 75, 76View FIGURES 64 – 80)..........5

5 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 100, 113View FIGURES 100 – 114, 126View FIGURES 115 – 127, 138View FIGURES 128 – 139, 150View FIGURES 140 – 151. Paramere with dorsal margin of apical portion straight. Antennal segment 5 sometimes with rhinarium ( Figs 76, 79View FIGURES 64 – 80). Forewing broad apically ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 8 – 21). Brazil, Uruguay......... didyma   

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 99View FIGURES 89 – 99, 112View FIGURES 100 – 114, 125View FIGURES 115 – 127, 149View FIGURES 140 – 151. Paramere with dorsal margin of apical portion weakly curved. Antennal segment 5 never with rhinarium ( Fig. 75View FIGURES 64 – 80). Forewing narrow apically ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 8 – 21). Argentina, Uruguay.............. schini 

6 Forewing ( Fig. 16View FIGURES 8 – 21) with extended pattern consisting of large brown patches; vein C+Sc strongly concave, vein Rs sinuous, vein Cu1a weakly curved. Female subgenital plate densely hairy ( Figs 136View FIGURES 128 – 139, 146View FIGURES 140 – 151). Peru........................... lozadai 

- Forewing pattern consisting of brown dots or lacking distinct pattern; venation different ( Figs 8‒15View FIGURES 8 – 21). Setae on female subgenital plate sparse ( Figs 128‒135View FIGURES 128 – 139, 140‒145View FIGURES 140 – 151)...................................................................7

7 Forewing short, less than twice as long as wide ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 1 – 7)................................................ † reposta 

- Forewing long, more than twice as long as wide ( Figs 8‒15View FIGURES 8 – 21)....................................................8

8 Antennal segment 3 shorter than segments 4 and 5 together ( Figs 64‒66View FIGURES 64 – 80), segments 4 and 6 light at base, brown apically. Forewing broadly rounded apically, bearing brown dots at the apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4 and Cu1a ( Figs 8‒10View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules conspicuous, densely irregularly spaced ( Figs 22‒24View FIGURES 22 – 35). Paramere with posterior lobe, lacking sclerotised peg setae on inner face ( Figs 89‒91View FIGURES 89 – 99, 102‒104View FIGURES 100 – 114). On Astronium  , Myracrodruon  , Schinopsis  ...............................................9

- Antennal segment 3 longer than segments 4 and 5 together ( Figs 67‒71View FIGURES 64 – 80), segments 4 and 6 entirely light (the rhinaria may be visible as dark rings). Forewing often narrowly rounded apically, lacking brown dots at the apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4 and Cu1a ( Figs 11‒15View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules forming cellular pattern, indistinct or absent ( Figs 25‒29View FIGURES 22 – 35). Paramere without posterior lobe, bearing sclerotised peg setae on inner face ( Figs 105‒109View FIGURES 100 – 114). On Schinus  .......................................... 11

9 Brown dots on forewing sparse; vein Rs weakly curved in apical third ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 89View FIGURES 89 – 99, 102View FIGURES 100 – 114, 115View FIGURES 115 – 127, 128View FIGURES 128 – 139, 140View FIGURES 140 – 151. Paramere weakly widening to apex. Female proctiger almost straight dorsally..................... aroeira 

- Brown dots on forewing dense; vein Rs strongly curved in apical third ( Figs 9, 10View FIGURES 8 – 21). Paramere with distinct posterior lobe apically ( Figs 103, 104View FIGURES 100 – 114). Female proctiger concave dorsally ( Figs 129, 130View FIGURES 128 – 139).........................................10

10 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 90View FIGURES 89 – 99, 103View FIGURES 100 – 114, 116View FIGURES 115 – 127, 129View FIGURES 128 – 139, 141View FIGURES 140 – 151. Posterior lobe of paramere broadly rounded. Female proctiger strongly concave. Paraguay....................................................................... inopinata   

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 91View FIGURES 89 – 99, 104View FIGURES 100 – 114, 117View FIGURES 115 – 127, 130View FIGURES 128 – 139, 142View FIGURES 140 – 151. Posterior lobe of paramere subtriangular. Female proctiger weakly concave. Brazil........................................................................ myracrodrui 

11 Meso and metascutellum flattened. Forewing brown or black, sometimes with indistinct pattern ( Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules absent ( Figs 25, 26View FIGURES 22 – 35)...................................................................................12

- Meso and metascutellum distinctly raised ( Figs 4, 5View FIGURES 1 – 7). Forewing yellowish, semi-transparent or yellowish-ochreous, sometimes with brown dots covering the whole wing ( Figs 13‒15View FIGURES 8 – 21); surface spinules forming cellular pattern, sometimes indistinct ( Figs 27‒29View FIGURES 22 – 35).............................................................................................13

12 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 92View FIGURES 89 – 99, 105View FIGURES 100 – 114, 118View FIGURES 115 – 127, 131View FIGURES 128 – 139. Paramere on inner face with a row of peg setae in apical third. Dorsal outline of female proctiger irregularly undulating, concave. Chile....................................... acuticauda   

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 93View FIGURES 89 – 99, 106View FIGURES 100 – 114, 119View FIGURES 115 – 127, 132View FIGURES 128 – 139, 143View FIGURES 140 – 151. Paramere on inner face with a group of peg setae in apical third. Dorsal outline of female proctiger evenly concave. Brazil.................................................... atra 

13 Forewing yellowish, semi-transparent ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 95View FIGURES 89 – 99, 108View FIGURES 100 – 114, 121View FIGURES 115 – 127, 134View FIGURES 128 – 139. Argentina (Mendoza)  , Chile................................................................................ maculipectus 

- Forewing yellowish-ochreous, opaque ( Figs 13, 15View FIGURES 8 – 21). Brazil...................................................14

14 Forewing evenly covered in brown dots ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 94View FIGURES 89 – 99, 107View FIGURES 100 – 114, 120View FIGURES 115 – 127, 133View FIGURES 128 – 139, 144View FIGURES 140 – 151....... hapla 

- Forewing without distinct brown dots ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 8 – 21). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 96View FIGURES 89 – 99, 109View FIGURES 100 – 114, 122View FIGURES 115 – 127, 135View FIGURES 128 – 139, 145View FIGURES 140 – 151...... orientalis