Tainarys myracrodrui , Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017, The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae, Zootaxa 4232 (4), pp. 535-567: 555-558

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1218CDD3-7F4B-411F-BE24-55464EC26656

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C5B8799-FF80-5A28-6D9A-8075FB780C0F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tainarys myracrodrui
status

sp. n.

Tainarys myracrodrui  sp. n.

( Figs 2View FIGURES 1 – 7, 10View FIGURES 8 – 21, 24View FIGURES 22 – 35, 38View FIGURES 36 – 49, 52View FIGURES 50 – 63, 66View FIGURES 64 – 80, 82View FIGURES 81 – 88, 91View FIGURES 89 – 99, 104View FIGURES 100 – 114, 117View FIGURES 115 – 127, 130View FIGURES 128 – 139, 142View FIGURES 140 – 151, 153View FIGURES 152 – 160, 162View FIGURES 161 – 171, 173View FIGURES 172 – 184)

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: Minas Gerais, Vazante, Fazenda Bainha , Paiadão , S17°53.5' W46°55.3/ 4', 670 m, 21.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest, Astronium graveolens (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  , #15(5) ( MZSP, dry mounted). 

Paratypes. Brazil: Distrito Federal: 1 ♀, 1 immature, Brasília , 6.x.2005, Melanoxylon brauna (D. L. Queiroz)  ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol);  Mato Grosso do Sul  : 2 ♀, Rio Verde do Mato Grosso, BR 163, S18°55.7/57.1’ W54°50.1/56.0’, 350–440 m, 13.xi.2012, Cerrado vegetation, park, Myracrodruon urundeuva (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  #68(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol)  ; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, 2 immatures, same but MS340, Bandeirantes , S19°50.1’ W54°28.1’, 450 m, 14.xi.2012, Cerrado, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #71(3)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, same but Rochedo, MS080, S19°58.1’ W54°39.0’, 350 m, 15.xi.2012, Cerrado, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #73(6); 1 ♀, Jardim , near BR 267, S21°27.0/28.0’ W55°47.5/48.2’, 380–440 m, 18–20.xi.2012, Cerrado edge along unpaved road, gallery forest along river, single trees in field, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #76(3)  ; 24 ♂, 9 ♀, 1 skin, Bonito, grounds of Hotel Cabanas , S21°10.3’ W56°26.5‒7’, 250‒320 m, 19.ix.2013 (D. L. Queiroz) #584, 585, 586;  Minas Gerais: 16 ♂, 21 ♀, Vazante, Fazenda Bainha , Guariba, S 17°52.7/8' W46°55.1/2', 640–660 m, 20.ix.2011, cerrado, edge of natural forest, Pouteria gardneri (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  , #13(9) ( NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol)  ; 2 ♂, same but Fazenda Bainha , around the house, S17°53.4' W46°55.4', 660 m, 21.ix.2011, fruit trees, hedges and isolated trees, #14 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 3 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha , S17°53.1' W46°55.0', 660 m, 23.ix.2011, cerrado, dry natural open scrub, #19GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 4 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, near source of Curtume river , S17°53.3/7' W46°55.2', 640–690 m, 13–14.vii.2012, degraded cerrado vegetation, Callisthene major  , #40(7)  ; 29 ♂, 32 f$, same but Fazenda Bainha, near source of Curtume river , S17°53.3/7' W46°55.2', 640–690 m, 11.ix.2014, Myracrodruon urudeuva  , degraded cerrado vegetation, #145(1) ( NHMB, dry mounted)  ; 8 ♂, 22 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha, S17°52.9/53.0’ W46°53.0/55.1’, 660–670 m, 29–30.x.2012, Cerrado vegetation, edges of disturbed forest, eucalypt plantation, creek, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #50(1); 20 ♂, 27 ♀, same but Fazenda Bainha , around the house and eucalypt plantation, S17°53.4' W46°55. 5', 662 m, 11.ix.2014, remnants of cerrado forest and eucalypt plantation, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #147(7) ( NHMB, dry mounted, 70% ethanol)  ; 50 ♂, 62 ♀, 3 immatures, 2 skins, same data as holotype but ( BMNH, LEEF, MZSP, NHMB, dry and slide mounted, in 70% ethanol)  ; 5 ♂, 7 ♀, same but Fazenda Bocaina , S17°53.6' W46°54.7', 642 m, 12.ix.2014, edges of cerrado forest, Myracrodruon urundeuva  , #146(9) ( NHMB, dry mounted)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but Vargem Bonita, Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Cachoeira Casca d’Anta , around park entrance, S20°18.5/9' W46°31.3/6', 850–860 m, 4–8.ix.2014, transition from riparian to cerrado vegetation, #141  ; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 7 immatures, Janaúba , 27.v.2014, fragments of dry forest, Myracrodruon urundeuva (L. C. P. Gardoni)  ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol)  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 11 immatures, Lagoa Santa , 7.vii.2016, cerrado vegetation, Myracrodruon urundeuva (L. C. P. Gardoni)  ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol)  ; 6 ♂, 6 ♀, Prata , 26.ix.2013 (M. P. Miranda) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol);  São Paulo: 9 ♂, 11 ♀, Matão, Araraquara, Fazenda Marchesan , 9‒16.ix.2005, suction trap (S. Halbert) ( NHMB, dry mounted)  ; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, same but 17.ix.2007 (P. Yamamoto) FSCA#E2008-1441 (FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, same but 23.x.2007; 3 m, same but Araraquara, Fazenda Cambuhy , 14–28.ix.2005 (P. Yamamoto) FSCA #E2006-254  ; 4 ♂, 2 ♀, same but 12–19.x.2005, no FSCA#; 1 ♂, same but 7–12.viii.2006, FSCA#E2008-273; 4 ♂, 5 ♀, same but 25–31.viii.2006, no FSCA#; 25 ♂, 17 ♀, same but 13–19.ix.2006, FSCA#E2007-9303; 3 ♂, 9 ♀, same but 20– 27.ix.2006, FSCA#E 2007-2655; 7 ♂, 7 ♀, Araraquara , 30.viii.2006, Citrus x sinensis var. Valencia (P. T. Yamamoto) ( NHMB, dry mounted)  ; 3 ♂, 3 ♀, Gavião Peixoto, Fazenda Maringá , S21°46.063' W48°28.019', 519 m, 2.ix.2014, edges of citrus plantation, Myracrodruon urundeuva (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz)  #139(2)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀, same but São Paulo, Gavião Peixoto, Fazenda Maringá , S21°46.063' W48°28.019', 519 m, 2.ix.2014, edges of citrus plantation, #140 ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol).GoogleMaps 

Description. Adult. Colouration. Head and thorax dirty whitish to ochreous, with dark brown pattern. Vertex with a large patch in the middle of each half, a longitudinal streak along the midline, and each a transverse line near and at the foremargin, respectively. Antennal insertions and eyes with dark margins. Clypeus light in the middle, brown otherwise. Antenna whitish, with apices of segments 4, 6 and 8 as well as entire segments 1, 8 and 9 dark brown. Thorax with a fine dark line in the middle and two broader dark lines sublaterally. Legs dirty whitish with dark brown dots. Forewing semi-transparent, light yellowish with brown dots covering the whole membrane; wing membrane along apical margin light brown, with dark dots denser ( Figs 2View FIGURES 1 – 7, 10View FIGURES 8 – 21). Apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4, Cu1a and Cu1b with a dark dot each. Hindwing semi-transparent, whitish. Abdomen yellowish, with dark brown sclerites; terminalia ochreous, brown at base. Young specimens with less extended dark colour.

Structure. Vertex ( Figs 38View FIGURES 36 – 49, 52View FIGURES 50 – 63) 1.6 times as wide as long, surface finely punctured; genae evenly curved down; frons small, rectangular. Antenna ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 64 – 80) with one subapical rhinarium on each of segments 4, 6, 8 and 9; segments 5 and 7 slightly thinner than other flagellar segments; relative length of antennal flagellar segments = 1.0/ 0.8/ 0.7/ 0.5/ 0.7/ 0.8/ 0.7/ 0.7; segment 3 shorter than segments 4 and 5 together; segment 10 with longer terminal seta about 1.1 times as long as segment and shorter seta about 0.7 times as long. Clypeus strongly subglobular. Pronotum transverse, long, about 5 times as wide as long. Meso- and metascutellum transverse, weakly raised. Metacoxa ( Fig. 82View FIGURES 81 – 88) with meracanthus small, tubercular and with a conical, weakly curved membranous process on the trochanteral cavity; metatibia with an open crown of 6 apical sclerotised spurs. Forewing ( Figs 2View FIGURES 1 – 7, 10View FIGURES 8 – 21) rhomboidal, apex broadly symmetrically rounded; vein C+Sc concave, slender; vein Rs strongly curved backwards; vein M1+2 curved backwards; membrane semi-transparent; surface spinules ( Fig. 24View FIGURES 22 – 35) densely spaced, covering whole wing membrane up to veins; radular spinules forming narrow, ill-defined bands along wing margin in cell m1, m2, and cu1. Terminalia as in Figs 91View FIGURES 89 – 99, 104View FIGURES 100 – 114, 117View FIGURES 115 – 127, 130View FIGURES 128 – 139, 142View FIGURES 140 – 151. Male subgenital plate, in profile, subrectangular with angular dorsal margin. Paramere with posterior lobe; inner face bearing a group of weakly sclerotised thickened setae. Distal portion of aedeagus weakly inflated apically. Female proctiger cuneate, subacute apically. Subgenital plate sparsely pilose ventrally.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (6 ♂, 6 ♀). Head width (HW) 0.38–0.42 (0.39±0.02), antenna length (AL) 0.58–0.64 (0.60±0.02), forewing length (WL) 1.48–1.90 (1.67±0.17), metatibia length (TL) 0.40–0.50 (0.45±0.04), male proctiger length (MP) 0.16–0.18 (0.17±0.01), paramere length 0.16, length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.14‒0.16 (0.15±0.01), female proctiger length (FP) 0.36–0.52 (0.44±0.20).—AL/HW 1.43–1.63 (1.53±0.08), WL/ HW 3.89–4.75 (4.24±0.32), WL/forewing width 2.66–2.83 (2.75±0.06), metafemur length/TL 0.58–0.64 (0.61±0.04), TL/HW 1.05–1.25 (1.14±0.07), MP/HW 0.42–0.45 (0.44±0.01), FP/HW 0.86–1.30 (1.08±0.26), FP/ circumanal ring length 2.25–3.71 (2.98±0.85), FP/subgenital plate length 1.06–1.63 (1.34±0.33).

Fifth instar immature ( Fig. 153View FIGURES 152 – 160). Colouration. Body whitish to yellowish. Antenna ochreous with apex dark brown to black. Apex of rostrum almost black. Apices of tarsi brown. Abdomen slightly orange.

Structure. Body outline subrectangular. Antennae 7-segmented with one rhinarium on each of segments 3 and 5, and two on segment 7 ( Fig. 162View FIGURES 161 – 171). Head and wing buds with a few lanceolate setae dorsally. Thoracic tergites small. Forewing buds moderately large, without humeral lobes. Margins of wing buds bearing 10‒12 subacute or truncate lanceolate setae. Legs relatively long and slender with fused tibiotarsus, claws absent; apex of tarsus slender, curved; tarsal arolium small, fan-shaped. Caudal plate ( Fig. 173View FIGURES 172 – 184) truncate apically, bearing marginal lanceolate setae slightly larger than those of wing buds; dorsum covered in scale-like microsculpture with each a submedian and sublateral longitudinal row of large lanceolate setae on either side and a median longitudinal row of very small lanceolate setae. Anus terminal; circumanal ring consisting of one row of elongate pores; very small; additional pore fields present on either side of circumanal ring.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (3 immatures). Body length (BL) 1.10–1.46 (1.24±0.19), antenna length (AL) 0.54–0.60 (0.57±0.03), forewing pad length (WL) 0.52–0.60 (0.55±0.04), caudal plate length (CPL) 0.28– 0.34 (0.31±0.03), caudal plate width (CPW) 0.46–0.60 (0.52±0.07).—BL/body width 1.38–1.57 (1.44±0.11), WL/ AL 0.96–1.00 (0.98±0.02), CPL/caudal plate width 0.56–0.65 (0.59±0.05), CPW/circumanal ring width 5.75–8.33 (7.19±1.32).

Etymology. Named after Myracrodruon  , one of its host genera.

Distribution. Brazil (Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo).

Host plants. Astronium graveolens Jacq.  , Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão  ( Anacardiaceae  ).

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

NHMB

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphalaridae

Genus

Tainarys