Augochlora (Oxystoglossella) modica

Lepeco, Anderson & Gonçalves, Rodrigo Barbosa, 2020, New species of Augochlora (Oxystoglossella) Eickwort (Hymenoptera; Apoidea) from Northeastern Brazil with an identification key for the region, Zootaxa 4802 (2), pp. 261-293: 277-282

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4802.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:44387651-1E93-4F6F-B676-AFB76C2FB122

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/706C8792-EF73-8977-FF14-F888CEE4FCF7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Augochlora (Oxystoglossella) modica
status

sp. nov.

Augochlora (Oxystoglossella) modica  sp. nov.

( Figs. 1AView FIGURE 1; 5AView FIGURE 5; 12View FIGURE 12 A-D; 13A-D; 18C; 19B)

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:C9E1EBCD-7885-454A-BC4B-64C49B2109D2

Diagnosis. Females of this species have a tuberculate projection on S1 and males have an apically narrowed hind leg basitarsus, as in A. tenax  sp. nov. Females of A. modica  sp. nov differ from the latter by the metapostnotum posterior surface microreticulate, not rugulose, and by the smooth integument among punctures on mesoscutum and scutellum. The males of A. modica  sp. nov. can be separated by the smooth posterior surface of metapostnotum, rugulose in A. tenax  sp. nov.

Description. ♀. Measurements. Eye notch width: 1.05–1.46 (mean = 1.24, n = 10); head length: 1.44–1.84 (mean = 1.57, n = 10); clypeus width: 0.30–0.52 (mean = 0.40, n = 10); clypeus length: 0.32–0.48 (mean = 0.39, n = 10); clypeoantennal distance: 0.20–0.28 (mean = 0.24, n = 10); clypeus ocellar distance: 0.82–1.20 (mean = 0.94, n = 10); intertegular distance: 0.80–1.79 (mean = 1.01, n = 10); T1 width: 1.00–1.72 (mean = 1.38, n = 10); T2 width: 1.16–1.84 (mean = 1.54, n = 10); body length: 4.50–6.50 (mean = 5.40, n = 10).

Head. Labrum basal surface yellow; basal elevation slight, not orbicular. Mandible mostly light brown, apex and base brown; preapical tooth far from apex. Clypeus mostly green with golden reflection, apical dark brown band> OD; punctate, punctures large and weak, smooth in between; long setae (3.0 OD) on apical margin, shorter on basal margin. Epistomal angle acute, protruding into clypeus. Supraclypeal area green with golden reflection; sparsely punctate, smooth in between. Parocular area with golden reflection; punctate, i = PD, punctures weak; long setae (2.0–3.0 OD) intermixed with tomentose setae. Antennae: scape and pedicel black, flagellum dark brown, ventrally pale; longer setae (= OD) on scape base. Frons with golden reflection; contiguously punctate; setae length 1.5–2.0 OD. Vertex punctate, punctures weak. Preoccipital area weakly lamellate, lamella not expanded near post gena. Gena with golden reflection; weakly punctate. Postgena mostly darkened with green reflection; microreticu- late, some scattered weak punctures; setae length <3.0 OD. Hypostomal carina lamellate, not projected anteriorly.

Mesosoma. Pronotum lateral angle widely rounded; dorsal surface green with golden reflection. Fore leg: coxa brown with weak green reflection; trochanter and femur brown with weak green reflection; long plumose setae (<3.0 OD); tibia and tarsus light brown. Mesoscutum green with golden reflection; punctate, i = PD, sparser on disc after median line, smooth in between, densely punctate on lateral surfaces; setae length <2.0 OD. Scutellum green with golden reflection; mostly densely punctate, i <PD, sparser on sublateral surfaces, smooth in between; longer setae (4.0 OD) near apex. Mesepisternum green with golden reflection; preepisternum punctate; hypoepimeral area punctate, i = PD, smooth in between; below scrobe punctate, i = PD, smooth in between, ventrally conflected. Mid leg: coxa and trochanter dark brown; femur dark brown with weak green reflection; tibia and tarsus light brown. Tegula light brown with anterior green spot. Fore wing marginal cell apex truncate, appendiculate. Metanotum with tiny setae near base, scattered long setae (<3.0 OD). Metepisternum green with golden reflection. Hind leg: coxa dark brown with weak green reflection, ventrally rounded; trochanter dark brown; long plumose setae (4.0 OD); femur dark brown; tibia brown; tarsus light brown. Metapostnotum green with golden reflection; as long as scutellum; plane, mostly rugose, carinate on lateral surfaces, posterior surface microreticulate. Propodeum green with golden reflection; long plumose setae (3.0 OD) intermixed with tiny decumbent setae; posterior surface weakly punctate, imbricate in between; lateral surfaces mostly weakly punctate, contiguously punctate anteriorly, imbricate in between.

Metasoma. T1 anterior surface sparsely punctate, microreticulate in between; dark brown with weak green reflection; setae up to 3.0 OD intermixed with tomentose setae. T1 dorsal surface mostly impunctate, imbricate, lateral surfaces weakly puncticulate; mostly brown with weak green reflection, dull, lateral surfaces green; tiny setae dorsally, long setae (2.0 OD) on lateral surfaces. T2 weakly puncticulate, imbricate in between; mostly brown with weak green reflection, dull, lateral surfaces green; marginal area brown; tiny decumbent setae near base and on lateral surfaces, long setae (2.0 OD) on lateral surfaces. T3 weakly puncticulate, imbricate in between; mostly green, apex brown; mostly with tiny decumbent setae reaching apical margin, long setae (2.0 OD) near margin and lateral on surfaces. T4 weakly punctate, imbricate in between; mostly green, apex brown; mostly with tiny decumbent setae, long setae (3.0 OD) scattered on disc and lateral surfaces. T5 black; prepygidial area covered with dense scale-like setae. S1 projection tuberculate; light brown; with long plumose setae (> 2.0 OD) medially, margin with tiny decumbent setae. S2 light brown; with long plumose setae (> 3.0 OD). S3–4 as S2. S5 apical margin widely rounded; light brown; long plumose setae (> 3.0 OD). S6 brown; long dark setae on apex.

Description. ♂. Measurements. Eye notch width: 1.08–1.33 (mean = 1.21, n = 10); head length: 1.44–1.68 (mean = 1.56, n = 10); clypeus width: 0.32–0.44 (mean = 0.37, n = 10); clypeus length: 0.34–0.46 (mean = 0.39, n = 10); clypeoantennal distance: 0.20–0.28 (mean = 0.24, n = 10); clypeus ocellar distance: 0.80–1.00 (mean = 0.89, n = 10); intertegular distance: 0.93–1.21 (mean = 1.02, n = 10); T1 width: 1.12–1.44 (mean = 1.26, n = 10); T2 width: 1.24–1.56 (mean = 1.39, n = 10); scape length: 0.40–0.44 (mean = 0.41, n = 10); body length: 5.00–5.50 (mean = 5.16, n = 10).

Head. Labrum basal surface creamy white. Mandible mostly creamy white, apex brown. Clypeus mostly green with golden reflection, apex creamy white; punctate, i = PD, punctures large, smooth in between; setae length = 2.0 OD. Supraclypeal area green. Parocular area with golden reflection; densely punctate, punctures small, smooth in between; long setae (2.0 OD) intermixed with dense tomentose setae. Antennae: scape dark brown; pedicel dark brown; F1 brown; remaining flagellomeres mostly dark brown, ventrally yellow. Frons with blue iridescence; contiguously to conflected punctate; setae length <OD. Vertex densely punctate behind ocelli, punctures weak. Preoccipital area weakly lamellate. Gena green; punctate, punctures weak. Postgena green with golden reflection; with some scattred weak punctures, smooth in between; setae length <3.0 OD.

Mesosoma. Pronotum dorsal surface green with golden reflection. Pronotal lobe punctate, loosely imbricate in between. Fore leg: coxa ventrally green; trochanter brown with weak green reflection; femur brown with green reflection; not swollen; tibia and tarsus yellow. Mesoscutum green with golden and blue iridescences; sparsely punctate on disc, i> PD, sparser after median line; smooth in between, denser punctuation on lateral margins; setae length = 1.0–2.0 OD. Scutellum without longitudinal furrow; green with golden and blue iridescences; mostly sparsely punctate, denser punctuation on lateral and posterior surfaces, smooth in between; longer setae (3.0 OD) near apex. Mesepisternum green with golden and blue iridescences; preepisternum punctate, smooth in between, ventrally conflected; hypoepimeral area punctate, i = PD, smooth in between; below scrobe punctate, i = PD, smooth in between. Mid leg: coxa brown; trochanter brown with weak green reflection; setae length <OD; femur brown with weak green reflection; slightly swollen; tibia and tarsus yellow. Tegula yellowish; Metanotum contiguously punctate, punctures small, laterally and posteriorly rugulose; tiny setae near base, scattered long setae (2.0 OD). Metepisternum green; punctate, smooth in between, striate near hind wing. Hind leg: coxa green; trochanter green; setae = OD; femur brown with green reflection; tibia yellow, with abundant tiny setae among long setae; tarsus yellow; basitarsus about 5.0 times longer than wide. Metapostnotum green; as long as scutellum; plane, mostly carinate, rugose medially, posterior surface smooth. Propodeum green with golden and blue iridescences; long plumose setae (2.0 OD) intermixed with tiny decumbent setae; posterior surface sparsely punctate, smooth in between; lateral surfaces mostly sparsely punctate, imbricate in between, denser punctuation anteriorly.

Metasoma. T1 anterior surface sparsely punctate, i = 3.0 PD, imbricate in between; brown with green reflection; long setae up to 2.0 OD, tomentose setae peripherally. T1 dorsal surface sparsely punctate, i> 2.0 PD, punctures weak on disc; mostly brown with weak golden and green reflections, dull; tiny setae at disc, lateral surfaces with longer setae (= OD). T2 sparsely punctate, i> 2.0 PD, imbricate in between; mostly green, dorsally darkened, dull; mostly with tiny setae, long setae (= OD) on lateral surfaces, premarginal setae ending near apical margin on sublateral surfaces. T3 weakly punctate, imbricate in between; mostly green, dull, marginal area light brown; mostly with tiny setae, long setae (2.0 OD) near margin and lateral surfaces. T4 weakly punctate, imbricate in between; mostly green, dull, marginal area light brown; mostly with tiny setae, long setae (2.0 OD) scattered on disc and lateral surfaces. T5 mostly brown with weak green reflection, apex light brown; long setae (2.0 OD) intermixed

with tiny setae. T6 light brown with weak green reflection, apex light brown; mostly with long setae (<2.0 OD). T7 yellow. S1 brown with weak green reflection; with long plumose setae (3.0 OD) medially, margin with tiny decumbent setae. S2 mostly light brown, apical band yellowish; with long plumose setae (2.0 OD), tiny setae on apex. S3 mostly light brown, apical band yellowish; medioapical margin slightly rounded; punctate, microreticulate in between; with long plumose setae (2.0 OD), tiny setae on apex. S4 mostly light brown, apical band yellowish; medioapical margin almost straight; punctate, microreticulate in between; with long plumose setae (2.0 OD), tiny setae on apex, forming a tuft of thick setae medially. S5 depressed medially; mostly dark brown, apical band yellowish; setae length <2.0 OD. S6 brown; setae length = 2.0 OD, tiny setae on apex. S7 lateral apodemes shorter than half S8 width. S8 anterior projection <5.0 times longer than apical width.

Genitalia. Gonobase 2.0 times wider than long. Gonocoxite about 1.5 times longer than wide. Gonostylus: basal process reduced, not forming a lobe; inner lobe of ventral process globose, apex prolonged, with tiny setae and bristles intermixed; outer lobe of ventral process with setae slightly longer than ventral process size. Volsellar lower margin slightly curved. Gonapophysis lateral angles enlarged; ventral prong poorly produced; dorsal bridge margin weakly projected; apodeme narrow and weakly hooked.

Distribution. Augochlora modica  sp. nov. is only recorded in northeastern Brazil, in the states of Bahía, Paraíba, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte.

Etymology. Feminine singular of modico, Latin adjective meaning low, modest, moderate. Name after the moderate size of the species.

Type material. Holotype, DZUP, ♀ “ DZUP \ 567732” “ SANTA LUZIA - PB \BRASIL- 25/9/1955 \ S. Medeiros leg”  . Paratypes, DZUP, 34♀ 4♂  “ SANTA LUZIA - PB \BRASIL-18/11/955\Raulino S. Lima ”, RPSP, ♀ ♂  same data  .

Examined material. Brazil, BA, DZUP, 3♀  “ Brasil, Bahia, 6 km ao S\de Rio de Contas ,\ 16.xi.1976, 8-12h,\ C. Elias & E. Elias, mato\secundario, local seco”, 4♀  “ Brasil, Bahia, Ipirá,\ Santa Quiteria ,\ 6.i.2010, K. Ramos \& V. Kanamura”, 1♀  “JEQUIÉ - BA\BRASIL-15/11/964\C.& T. Elias leg.”, 2♀  “MARACÁS - BA\ BRASIL IX- 65\F.M.Oliveira”, 1♂  “MARACÁS - Bahia \BRASIL-23-11/1964\Claudionor Elias”, 1♀  “ Brasil, Bahia, Vitória da\ Conquista , 10.ii.2002,\ G. Melo & M. A. Costa ”, MZUSP, 1♂  “ BRASIL:BA: ANAJÉ \ 22/XI/1950 \STP AMA- RANTE COL.”, 2♀  “ BRASIL:BA: ITABERABA\FAZ.RIACHO DO URUSSÚ: 3-\ XII 1990 - CAATINGA\S. T.P. AMARANTE COL”, 1♀  “ LIVR. DO BRUMADO\BA-Brasil VII-1951 \ S.Laroca leg.”, 2♀  BRASIL: BA: MA- RACAS \FAZ. MARIA INÁCIA: MATA \deCIPÓ; 26/XI 1990 \S. T.P. AMARANTE COL”, 1♂ “  BRASIL:BA: MA- RACAS \GERAES; CIDADE\ 28-XI-1990 \S. T.P. AMARANTE COL”, 1♀ “  BRASIL:BA:MARACAS\CIDADE: GERAES\ 28-XII 1990 \S. T.P. AMARANTE COL”, 1♂ “  BRASIL: BA: MARACAS\FAZ. MARIA INÁCIA: MATA \ deCIPÓ; 25/XI 1990 \S. T.P. AMARANTE COL”, 1♂ “  BRASIL: BA: STA. RITA DE\CASSIA, 17-VII.1991 \S. T. P. Amarante &\ C. F. Martins col.”. CE, RPSP, 3♀ ♂  “ Brasil, CE, 3km W Crateus \ 5°11’20”S 40°42’35”W \ 330m 06.v.2014 \Almeida, Lucena, Tavares”, 1♀GoogleMaps  “ Brasil, Ceará, Pentecoste \ Fazenda Experimental UFC \ 14.vii.2018 \ Pan trap (PT-1247)\ F. Chamorro (ID-1649)”, 1♀  “ Brasil, Ceará, Pentecoste \ Fazenda Experimental UFC \ 14.vii.2018 \ Pan trap (PT-1251)\ F. Chamorro (ID-1581)”, 1♀  “ Brasil, Ceará, Pentecoste \ Fazenda Experimental UFC \ 14.vii.2018 \ Pan trap (PT-313)\ F. Chamorro (ID-383)”, 1♀  “ Brasil, Ceará, Pentecoste \ Fazenda Experimental UFC \ 27.ix.2017 \ Pan trap (PT-313)\ F. Chamorro (ID-313)”, 1♀  “ BRASIL, Ceará, Tanguá \ 03°43’S 41°00’W, 02.vii.2017 \cod L16- 06877-01-163A\Quinteiro & Stefanello”, 1♀GoogleMaps  “ BRASIL, Ceará, Tanguá \ 03°43’S 41°00’W, 06.vii.2017 \cod L16- 06877-01-170A\Quinteiro & Stefanello”. MA, RPSP, 1♀GoogleMaps  “ SÃO LUÍS, MA\ Brasil. 4.I.1983 \Mazucato,Ally”. PB, DZUP, ♀GoogleMaps  “ Joazeirinho \ Paraiba BRASIL \ VIII-1954 \ A. G. A. Silva ”, 7♀GoogleMaps  “JUAZEIRINHO PB \ Brasil 3 XI 55\C. R. GONÇALVES”, 6♀ 1♂  “JUAZEIRINHO PB \ Brasil 29 X 55\C. R. GONÇALVES”, 1♀  “JUAZEIRINHO PB \ Brasil 11 VII 59\C. R. GONÇALVES”, 1♀  “ S. Brandão.S.Luzia \ Paraíba BRASIL \ Dezembro 1955\ A. G. A. Silva ”, 9♀ 3♂  “ SANTA LUZIA - PB \BRASIL- 25/9/1955 \ S. Medeiros leg.”, 21♀ 2♂  “ SANTA LUZIA - PB \BRASIL-3/12/955\ R. S. Lima leg”, 2♂  “ SANTA LUZIA - PB \ BRASIL - 3/12/955\ R. S. Lima leg”, 2♀  “Sta. LUZIA PB \ Brasil 26 III 56\A. G. A. SILVA ”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EESJC \ Hora : 10:10 p:21\9/III/994\ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EESJC \ Hora : 7:35 VÔO\16/III/994\ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EESJC \ Hora : 8:45 p:28\20/IV/994\ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EES- JC\ Hora : 9:15 p:21\19/ V/994 \ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EESJC \ Hora : 9:20 p:29\20/ IV/994\ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 1♀  “ Brasil, PB, São Paulo \do Cariri, EESJC \ Hora : 9:30 p:21\9/III/994\ C.M.L.Aguiar col.”, 28♀ 4♂  “SOLEDADE - PB \BRASIL- 18/11/1955 \ J.L. Azevedo leg”, 2♀  “SOLEDADE\JOAZEIRINHO - PB.\BRASIL-19/XI/955\ Raulino S. Lima”, UNILA, 1♀ 2♂  Maturéia, PB  , Brasil \ Pico do Jabre \ 21. V.2002 F  .

Zanella”, 1♀ “Maturéia, PB, Brasil \Pico do Jabre\ 30.IX.2002 F. Zanella”, 1♂ “ Brasil, PB, Patos\ 15.VIII.2005 \F. Zanella leg”, RPSP, 1♀ “ Brasil  , PB, Matureia \ Casarão do Jabre \7°15’49,47” 37°22’04”W \ 29.xii.2013 \DAA Lucena & DL Lucena”  . PI, DZUP, 2♀ “ Picos \XI-53\ PIAUÍ ”, 5♀ 2♂ “ Brasil, Piauí, Ribeiro \ Gonçalves , Estação \ Ecologica Uruçuí-\una, 17-23.v.1984,\ V. Graf, malaise,\cerrado”, 1♀ “União\2-XI-53\ PIAUÍ ”  , MZUSP, 1♀ “ BRASIL: PI: OEIRAS\ 13 - 17. XI. 1991 \Amarante brandão cancelo\ Moutinho & Ponte col.”  . RN, DZUP, 4♀ 1♂ “ Ipauguaçu - RN \ X – 1954 ”, ♀ “IPANGUAÇU\ R.G. Norte BRASIL \ X.1954 \A. G. A. Silva”, 3♀ “MOSSORO RN \Brasil 20-III-65\ N.L. MARSTON”, 1♀ “ BR. RN,Mossoró\25/07/18\ 5°03’S 37°24W \ Eduardo Alves de Souza ”GoogleMaps  , UNILA, 1♀  “ SER- RA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 22.IV.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 07.XI.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 08. X.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 30.VII.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ ES- TAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 23. V.1994 \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 08.X.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOURA ON LEG ”, 1♀ “  SERRA NEGRA DO NORTE-RN \ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO SERIDÓ\ 09.X.1994  \ ZANELLA FCV & MOU- RA ON LEG ”, RPSP, 1♀ “ Brasil  , RN, Ouro Branco \ Sítio Carnaubina \8°41’43,13” 36°53’22,1”W \ 01.i.2014 \DAA Lucena & DL Lucena”  , UFRPE, 1♀ “ Luis Gomes , RN, BRasil,\ Zona Urbana, 19/04/2014 \ Carvalho AT Leg\ Flores mistas\ - 6.41902397S \ - 38.376910965W \ H. 611,564”GoogleMaps  . SE, RPSP, 1♀ “Carira-SE Brasil \ Fazenda Lagoa \ 21. VII.2004 \Leg. Michelette ERF”, 1♀ “Macambira-SE,\ Brasil Cachoeira \ 16/IX/2000 \leg. Michelette, ERF”, 1♀ “Pi- rambu-SE\ Brasil \ 17.II.2001 \dej. Michelette”  .

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

UFC

Universidade Federal do Ceara, Departamento de Biologia

SÃO

Sammlung Oberli

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

PI

Paleontological Institute

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection