Cryptinglisia millari Gavrilov-Zimin

Gavrilov-Zimin, Ilya A. & Chetverikov, Philipp E., 2017, New scale insects (Homoptera: Coccinea) from the Cape Floristic Region, European Journal of Taxonomy 366, pp. 1-11: 6-8

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Cryptinglisia millari Gavrilov-Zimin

sp. nov.

Cryptinglisia millari Gavrilov-Zimin  sp. nov.

Figs 4–5View FigView Fig


The species is named in honour of Dr. Ian Millar in view of his long term studies of South African scale insects.

Material examined


SOUTH AFRICA: ♀ in black circle, Western Cape Prov., near Lower Palmiet River, 34°19.713 S, 18°58.841 E, on twigs of Passerina  sp. ( Thymelaeaceae  ), 9 Nov. 2016, S. Neser and Ph.E. Chetverikov leg. ( K 1320).



SOUTH AFRICA: 1 ♀, on the same slide and 6 ♀♀ on 3 other slides, all with the same collection data.



Body in life flat on venter and with two symmetric humps on dorsum ( Fig. 5View Fig), covered with shining wax. Female on slide piriform, about 1.5 mm long. Antennae short, 7–8 segmented. Legs very short, with partly reduced segments; claw without denticle; claw digitules on each claw asymmetric, one significantly larger than other ( Fig. 4View Fig). Multilocular pores absent. Quinquelocular pores present on venter in stigmatic furrows. Preopercular pores forming row on dorsal side of abdomen along midline. Simple discoidal pores present along midline of abdominal dorsum together with compound pores. Tubular ducts of about same size forming wide marginal band on venter and also scattered on medial zone of thoracic sternites. Marginal conical setae short and stout. Stigmatic clefts marked each by 3 additional conical setae similar in size with marginal setae. Minute pointed setae sparsely scattered on venter.

Males and larvae



The genus Cryptinglisia Cockerell, 1900  comprised until now 3 African species (all were described from South Africa). The new species seems to be most similar with C. elytropappi (Brain, 1920)  , but, according to the redescription and illustration of De Lotto (1967b), the latter species has only one stigmatic seta per stigmatic cleft (in contrast to 3 setae in addition to an uninterrupted row of marginal setae in C. millari  sp. nov.), symmetric claw digitules (strongly asymmetric in C. millari  sp. nov.) and does not have rows of simple pores along the margin and along the midline (see the Key below). The new species is ovoviviparous with fully developed larvae inside the mother’s body.