Procyon pygmaeus, Merriam, 1901

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2009, Procyonidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 1 Carnivores, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 504-530 : 530

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5714404

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5714766

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/6A61FC4E-FFAA-014D-19A9-F7F96B39D44C

treatment provided by

Conny

scientific name

Procyon pygmaeus
status

 

12. View Plate 30: Procyonidae

Cozumel Raccoon

Procyon pygmaeus

French: Raton de Cozumel / German: Cozumel-Waschbar / Spanish: Mapache de Cozumel

Taxonomy. Procyon pygmaeus Merriam, 1901 ,

Cozumel Island, Mexico.

Recent genetic evidence suggests that P. pygmaeus is a relatively recent addition to Cozumel, in the last 50,000 years, but was likely present well before Mayans populated this region. It has always been considered a unique species because of its smaller size. Monotypic.

Distribution. Known only from Mexico (Cozumel I). View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head-body 35-43 cm, tail 22-25 cm; weight averages 3-7 kg (males), 3-3 kg (females). Cozumel Raccoons lookjust like Northern Raccoons, but are smaller. Compared with nearby raccoons from the Yucatan area, Cozumel Raccoons are 15% smaller.

Habitat. Use the mangrove and coastal wetlands on Cozumel Island.

Food and Feeding. Both isotopic data and scat analyses suggest an omnivorous diet, with crabs being the most important (more than 50%) item followed by fruits and insects. Raccoonsliving near humans are approximately 0-5 kg heavier, suggesting that they may be using anthropogenic foods.

Activity patterns. No details on Cozumel Raccoon activity have been reported.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. Nothing is known specifically about behavior; it is presumed to be similar to that of Northern Raccoons.

Breeding. Lactating females have been recorded May-July.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Critically Endangered on The IUCN Red List due to their restricted range and small population numbers. The population of raccoons on Cozumel Island is estimated to be fewer than 250 adults.

Bibliography. Cuaron et al. (2004), McFadden (2004), McFadden, Sambrotto et al. (2006), McFadden, Wade et al. (2005).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Carnivora

Family

Procyonidae

Genus

Procyon

Loc

Procyon pygmaeus

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier 2009
2009
Loc

Procyon pygmaeus

Merriam 1901
1901