Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940,

Sirin, Uemit Davut, Caliskan, Hakan & Sahin, Yalcin, 2015, Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Turkish Thrace, with a new record for Turkey, Biodiversity Data Journal 3, pp. 4834-4834: 4834

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e4834

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:591B581E-2BF0-4C1D-8EF3-3FD91E23DEE5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/65240AFF-9DAE-C6C3-87C0-D3192F430DFC

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940
status

 

Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940 

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 8 pupae, 12 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: İstanbul; county: Gaziosmanpaşa; locationRemarks: 1; verbatimLatitude: 41°11'6.44"N; verbatimLongitude: 28°58'58.40"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 103; Event: eventDate: 05/20/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: İstanbul; county: Gaziosmanpaşa; locationRemarks: 2; verbatimLatitude: 41°11'40.47"N; verbatimLongitude: 28°54'51.58"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 104; Event: eventDate: 05/19/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 3 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: İstanbul; county: Çatalca; locationRemarks: 9; verbatimLatitude: 41°11'4.58"N; verbatimLongitude: 28°38'17.71"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 105; Event: eventDate: 05/22/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 10 pupae, 11 larvae / 2 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: İstanbul; county: Çatalca; locationRemarks: 12; verbatimLatitude: 41°13'3.97"N; verbatimLongitude: 28°21'41.16"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 106; Event: eventDate: 22.05.2002 / 22.04.2005GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 9 pupae, 4 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kıyıköy; locationRemarks: 26; verbatimLatitude: 41°38'59.36"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°58'2.28"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 107; Event: eventDate: 05/24/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kıyıköy; locationRemarks: 27; verbatimLatitude: 41°37'33.39"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°53'35.61"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 108; Event: eventDate: 05/24/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 3 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Vize; locationRemarks: 28; verbatimLatitude: 41°36'22.59"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°42'49.15"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 109; Event: eventDate: 05/25/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 8 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Demirköy; locationRemarks: 34; verbatimLatitude: 41°51'42.45"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°48'14.71"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 110; Event: eventDate: 05/26/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Armağan; locationRemarks: 42; verbatimLatitude: 41°51'2.67"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°26'27.85"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 111; Event: eventDate: 05/27/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 4 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Dereköy; locationRemarks: 44; verbatimLatitude: 41°51'1.19"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°19'29.05"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 112; Event: eventDate: 05/27/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 3 pupae, 3 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Merkez; locationRemarks: 45; verbatimLatitude: 41°47'2.65"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°12'27.76"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 113; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 9 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 50; verbatimLatitude: 41°56'53.66"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°9'42.23"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 114; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 9 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Merkez; locationRemarks: 57; verbatimLatitude: 41°44'12.71"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°39'26.00"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 115; Event: eventDate: 05/29/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 8 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Hatipköy; locationRemarks: 62; verbatimLatitude: 41°47'40.09"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°34'10.89"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 116; Event: eventDate: 05/30/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 8 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Keşan; locationRemarks: 80; verbatimLatitude: 40°43'36.00"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°42'46.33"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 117; Event: eventDate: 06/03/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 7 pupae, 4 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Malkara; locationRemarks: 86; verbatimLatitude: 40°48'41.00"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°53'34.24"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 118; Event: eventDate: 06/04/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 5 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Malkara; locationRemarks: 87; verbatimLatitude: 40°47'19.76"; verbatimLongitude: 26°48'15.30"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 119; Event: eventDate: 06/04/2002  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 7 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Çanakkale; county: Gelibolu; locationRemarks: 88; verbatimLatitude: 40°41'38.58"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°55'56.44"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 120; Event: eventDate: 06/04/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 5 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Çanakkale; county: Gelibolu; locationRemarks: 89; verbatimLatitude: 40°42'4.87"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°54'53.59"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 121; Event: eventDate: 06/04/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 9 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Malkara; locationRemarks: 95; verbatimLatitude: 40°58'38.79"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°49'16.96"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 122; Event: eventDate: 06/06/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 7 pupae, 8 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Babaeski; locationRemarks: 104; verbatimLatitude: 41°25'18.74"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°10'47.04"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 123; Event: eventDate: 06/07/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 2 pupae, 2 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Şarköy; locationRemarks: 114; verbatimLatitude: 40°48'8.19"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°11'3.18"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 124; Event: eventDate: 06/09/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 5 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Şarköy; locationRemarks: 115; verbatimLatitude: 40°47'10.21"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°9'40.88"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 125; Event: eventDate: 06/09/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: sex: 1 male; lifeStage: 7 pupae, 6 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Malkara; locationRemarks: 117; verbatimLatitude: 40°55'58.80"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°12'7.01"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 126; Event: eventDate: 06/10/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 8 pupae, 4 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: Rubtsov, 1940; Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: İstanbul; county: Silivri; locationRemarks: 122; verbatimLatitude: 41°13'57.53"N; verbatimLongitude: 28°7'5.05"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 127; Event: eventDate: 06/11/2002GoogleMaps 

Notes

This species is a member of the S. ornatum  species-group, which presents some of the most difficult taxonomic problems among Palearctic simuliids, in part because of the descriptions of many nominal species. Until now, six species of this group (baracorne Smart, 1944, fontanum Terteryan, 1952, kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940, caucasicum Rubtsov, 1940, ornatum Meigen, 1818 (complex), trifasciatum Curtis, 1839) have been recorded from Turkey by different authors, as well as ornatum s.l. Meigen reported from Thrace by Zwick (2007). Our material includes mainly aquatic stages, with only one reared adult, a male from Site 117. We identified this male as S. kiritshenkoi  on the basis of the color of the antennae (orange-red) and legs (reddish yellow), as described by Crosskey (2002). The genitalia also conform to the description of Crosskey (2002): ventral plate beak-like process in profile narrow and slightly upturned, and dentate crest slightly overhanging the base of the beak-like process. We also have pupae and larvae from this locality and the taxonomic characters fit the description of S. kiritshenkoi  by Rubtsov (1956), Terteryan (1968), Crosskey (2002) and Crosskey and Zwick (2007). The pupal characters are as follows: thoracic microtubercles dome-like and fairly sparse, cocoon slipper-shaped and with delicately to strongly perforated weave, gill filaments in four pairs on short common stems. The postgenal cleft of our larvae is comparatively small, subquadrate or slightly pentagonal and extended less than halfway toward the base of the hypostoma.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium