Graphosoma (Graphosoma) lineatum italicum ( O .F. Müller, 1766),

Ghahari, Hassan, Moulet, Pierre & Rider, David A., 2014, An annotated catalog of the Iranian Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha), Zootaxa 3837 (1), pp. 1-95: 65-66

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3837.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:848FCF21-B70B-401F-ABC2-F9BE1F9DBFFC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/645987E6-AF61-FF9B-5ECA-F9F3DCA53C3D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Graphosoma (Graphosoma) lineatum italicum ( O .F. Müller, 1766)
status

 

Graphosoma (Graphosoma) lineatum italicum ( O.F. Müller, 1766) 

Cimex lineatum O.F. Müller, 1766: 190  ; Graphosoma lineatum  var. ochraceum Royer, 1922: 512  ; Graphosoma italicum  var. obscurum Štĕpánek, 1926: 111  ; Graphosoma italicum  var. soosi Halászfy, 1953: 486  ; Graphosoma italicum  var. nigroscutellatum Halászfy, 1955: 367  ; Graphosoma italicum  var flavolineata Halászfy, 1955: 367  .

Distribution in Iran. Alborz ( Lindberg 1938), East Azarbaijan ( Modarres Awal 1997 b; Sadaghian et al. 2002; Nikdel et al. 2011), Mazandaran ( Safavi 1959; Farahbakhsh 1961; Sakenin et al. 2008), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Modarres Awal 1997 b), Tehran ( Safavi 1959; Farahbakhsh 1961; Modarres Awal 1997 b).

General distribution. According to Péricart (2010), G. italicum  is an Europeran species known in Sweden and probably in Siberia and China, its presence in Turkey and the Near East is not certain.

Host plants. On Apiaceae  ( Farahbakhsh 1961; Modarres Awal 1997 b) like G. lineatum lineatum  , and also on Chenopodium ambrosioides  ( Chenopodiaceae  ), Rubus hyrcanus  , Rubus conglomeratus  ( Rosaceae  ) (Sakenin et al. 2008).

Comments on Graphosoma lineatum  and G. italicum  . Workers do not agree upon the taxonomy of these two taxa. Some consider them to be two valid species ( Dusolier & Lupoli 2006), others consider them to be two subspecies ( Péricart 2010), and still others treat them as a single species (i.e. lineatum  ) ( Rider 2006; Aukema et al. 2013). Dusolier & Lupoli (2006) believe that the geographic distributions of the two taxa are clear cut and not overlapping (except in the southernmost Italy); other authors believe that there are no morphological differences between the taxa or the differences are so slight that they represent normal variation. Here we follow the last work on the subject ( Péricart 2010). We cite the records according to the original literature sources, but we believe that in some cases, the records have been given more or less arbitrarily, and that distribution of both subspecies in Iran must be revised carefully.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Graphosoma

Loc

Graphosoma (Graphosoma) lineatum italicum ( O .F. Müller, 1766)

Ghahari, Hassan, Moulet, Pierre & Rider, David A. 2014
2014
Loc

var. nigroscutellatum Halászfy, 1955: 367

Halaszfy 1955: 367
1955
Loc

var flavolineata Halászfy, 1955: 367

Halaszfy 1955: 367
1955
Loc

var. soosi Halászfy, 1953: 486

Halaszfy 1953: 486
1953
Loc

var. obscurum Štĕpánek, 1926: 111

Stepanek 1926: 111
1926
Loc

var. ochraceum

Royer 1922: 512
1922
Loc

Cimex lineatum O .F. Müller, 1766: 190

O.F. Muller 1766: 190
1766