Pheidole ochracea , Eguchi, K., 2008

Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 63-66

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Pheidole ochracea


Pheidole ochracea  HNS  sp.n.

Figs. 17a-h

Type material examined: Holotype: major (IEBR), S. Cat Tien N.P. (forest along Bird Lake Trail <ca. 160 m alt.), Dong Nai, S. Vietnam (K. Eguchi leg., 14 Oct 2004, colony: Eg04-VN-621) [IEBR]; paratypes: 5 majors & 6 minors, same data as holotype (IEBR, MHNG, MCZC & ACKE).

Other material examined: S. China: Guangxi: Guilin City [Eg00-GNGX-06], Nonggang & Longhu, Longzhou [J. Fellowes]; Guangdong: Yangchun Baiyong N.R. [J. Fellowes]; Hong Kong: Victoria Park, Hong Kong I. [Eg99-HK-19, -24, -32]. Vietnam: Lao Cai: Y Linh Ho, ca. 1100 m alt., Sa Pa [Eg02-VN-212]; Bac Giang: W. Yen Tu N.P. (=Tay Yen Tu N.P.), 21°11'N, 106°43'E, 150 m alt. [as preys of a colony (Eg04-VN- 146) of Aenictus dentatus  HNS  ]; Vinh Phuc: Tam Dao N.P., 800-900 m alt. [Eg99-VN-003, -035, -063]; Ha Tay (mislabeled as Ha Tai): Ba Vi N.P., 21°03'N, 105°22'E, 400-800 m alt. [Eg99-VN-102, -125; Eg01-VN-236; Eg02-VN-016]; Dong Nai: S. Cat Tien N.P., <160 m alt. [Eg04-VN-583, -602, -614, -790]. Part of specimens to which Eguchi's informal species code " Pheidole  HNS  sp. eg-101" has been applied (Eguchi, Bui et al. 2005: 90) is P. ochracea  HNS  , and the remainder is P. elongicephala  HNS  .

Worker measurements & indices: Holotype (major). - HL 1.79 mm; HW 1.61 mm; CI 90; SL 0.98 mm; SI 61; FL 1.31 mm; FI 81.

Nontype major (n=4). - HL 1.74-1.89 mm; HW 1.58-1.65 mm; CI 86-92; SL 0.99-1.03 mm; SI 62-63; FL 1.33-1.39 mm; FI 83-85.

Minor (n=5, including one paratype minor). - HL 0.72-0.83 mm; HW 0.57-0.66 mm; CI 79-80; SL 0.88-1.00 mm; SI 148-154; FL 0.91-1.06 mm; FI 154-162.

Worker description

Major. - Body deep yellowish-brown or sometimes brown or deep reddish-brown, with paler appendages. Head in lateral view at most weakly impressed on vertex; vertexal lobes in full-face view relatively close to each other; frons and anterior part of vertex longitudinally rugose; posterior part of vertex and dorsum of vertexal lobe reticulate or rugoso-reticulate; clypeus without a median longitudinal carina; frontal carina conspicuous; antennal scrobe very shallow; hypostoma with low or inconspicuous median and low or inconspicuous submedian processes in addition to conspicuous lateral processes; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye (a little) shorter than antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome smooth and shining, with transverse rugulae; a conspicuous prominence present on its posterior slope; humerus of the dome not or hardly produced laterad; the dome at the humeri much narrower than at the bottom; mesopleuron and metapleuron weakly punctured, overlain by rugoso-reticulation; propodeal spine narrowly based, usually slightly curved apically. Petiole longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive. First gastral tergite smooth and shining entirely, or rarely shagreened only around its articulation with postpetiole.

Minor. - Body yellowish-brown, with paler appendages. Head in full-face view elliptical; frons and vertex smooth and shining, or partly shagreened; median portion of clypeus smooth and shining, without a median longitudinal carina; occipital carina well-developed; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape extending far beyond posterolateral margin of head; maximal diameter of eye much shorter than antennal segment X; 6-7 ommatidia present on the long axis of eye. Promesonotal dome smooth and shining, in lateral view with a low mound on its gentle posterior slope; humerus in dorso-oblique view not raised/produced; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum punctured, often overlain by weak rugulae (sculpure on the lateral face of propodeum often weaker than mesopleuron and metapleuron); propodeal spine elongate-triangular, directing upward. Petiole a little longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive.

Recognition: Pheidole ochracea  HNS  , Pheidole elongicephala  HNS  sp.n. and P binghamii  HNS  are morphologically very similar to each other. Differences between P. ochracea  HNS  and P. elongicephala  HNS  are given under the remaks of P. elongicephala  HNS  . Difference between P. ochracea  HNS  and P. binghamii  HNS  are as follows: mound on the posterior slope of the promesonotal dome is less developed in the minor of P. ochracea  HNS  than in that of P. binghamii  HNS  ; body of minor yellowish-brown in the former, but usually brown to dark-brown in the latter. Pheidole ochracea  HNS  and P. binghamii  HNS  are sympatric in S. Vietnam.

Distribution & bionomics: Known from Vietnam and S. China. This species usually occurs in forests and woody habitats, and nests in the soil and sometimes in termite mounds abandoned [e.g., Eg04-VN-621]. This species is prey of Aenictus dentatus Forel  HNS  [Eg04-VN-146, det. Sk. Yamane, 2005].


Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle


USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology