Portanus adenomari

Felix, Márcio, Quintas, Victor, Prando, Jádila Santos & Mejdalani, Gabriel, 2020, Portanini (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadellidae): morphology of female terminalia, first record of host plants, a new species of Portanus from Brazil, and taxonomic notes, Zootaxa 4802 (3), pp. 569-581: 570-573

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4802.3.11

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A0E313A5-32F5-40AB-A9EF-2714DCF4F6D5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/556887DC-8A31-9E5E-FF6F-FBD68BDE1DF8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Portanus adenomari
status

sp. nov.

Portanus adenomari  sp. nov.

( Figs 1–21View FIGURES 1–10View FIGURES 11–21, 53View FIGURE 53)

Diagnosis. Aedeagus with apical portion falciform, its apex with pair of very long, slender acute processes crossing each other medially, each process strongly curved posterodorsally, almost forming complete ring.

Measurements (mm). Male holotype: total length 5.27; crown length 0.50; transocular width 1.22; interocular width 0.57; maximum pronotal width 1.23; forewing length 4.30. Male paratypes (n=4)/female paratypes (n=3): total length 4.45–5.02/4.85–5.46; crown length 0.42–0.48/0.48–0.51; transocular width 1.08–1.24/1.16–1.27; interocular width 0.52–0.56/0.56–0.60; maximum pronotal width 1.08–1.20/1.16–1.28; forewing length 3.60–4.10/3.95–4.60.

Description. Head ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) with median length of crown from 8/10 to 9/10 interocular width and 4/10 transocular width. Pronotum ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) width similar to transocular width. Forewing ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1–10) with open inner anteapical cell; median cell approximately as long as outer one. Hind leg with femoral setal formula 2:2:1; length of basal tarsomere greater than combined length of two succeeding tarsomeres.

Male terminalia. Pygofer ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 1–10), in lateral view, short and slightly narrowed towards rounded apex; basidorsal margin with inner acute process, directed posterad and parallel to basal portion of anal tube; dorsal margin mostly concave, ending in short triangular projection; dorsal portion of pygofer with few long macrosetae forming oblique row, some short macrosetae near triangular projection. Valve ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1–10), in ventral view, approximately as long as broad, somewhat elliptical, posterior margin broadly rounded. Subgenital plate ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1–10), in ventral view, long, extending posteriorly beyond pygofer apex; dorsally curved; basal 1/3 with transverse membranous rounded line; apical 1/3 slightly expanded ventrally; apex rounded; ventral longitudinal row of four long macrosetae on median 1/3. Style ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1–10), in dorsal view, long and narrow, extending posteriorly well beyond connective apex; preapical lobe well produced; apical portion long and acute, slightly curved outwards, forming hook with preapical lobe, tiny dentiform subapical projection on outer margin. Connective ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1–10), in ventral view, Y-shaped; arms moderately long; anteromedian margin with small lobe; stalk very long, its apical portion broadened. Aedeagus ( Figs 6, 7View FIGURES 1–10), in lateral view, long; basiventral portion with pair of short rounded lobes; shaft broadened basally, narrowing towards ventrally curved, broadened falciform apical portion; apex with pair of very long, slender acute processes crossing each other medially, each strongly curved posterodorsally, almost forming complete ring.

Color. Dorsum ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) mostly light yellowish-brown with ivory markings. Crown ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) entirely light yellowish-brown except for pair of large, oblique elliptical brown spots on basal 1/2, attaining imaginary line between anterior eye angles; ocelli narrowly bordered by ivory. Eyes brown. Pronotum ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) light brown with numerous small ivory spots; anterior portion with large brown areas. Mesonotum ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–10) ivory with anterior pair of large brown spots; scutoscutellar suture brown. Forewing ( Figs 1, 2, 8View FIGURES 1–10) translucent; veins mostly marked with alternating brown and ivory; costal margin with large, oblique irregular ivory macula bordered anteriorly and posteriorly by brown, located approximately opposite apex of clavus; basal veins of apical cells marked with brown; apical cells with large brown areas. Face ( Figs 9, 10View FIGURES 1–10) pale yellow to brownish-yellow. Thoracic sclerites ( Figs 8, 10View FIGURES 1–10) pale yellow laterally and ventrally. Legs ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 1–10) pale yellow with some darker areas; apices of tarsi dark brown.

Female terminalia. Sternite VII ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 11–21), in ventral view, slightly concave on each side of short median lobe. “Internal” sternite VIII ( Fig. 53View FIGURE 53), in dorsal view, with small sclerotized areas located between valvifers I. Pygofer ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 11–21), in lateral view, moderately produced posteriorly; apex triangular; with long macrosetae distributed mostly on apical 1/2, shorter dorsally. Valvifer I, in lateral view, elliptical. Valvula I ( Figs 13, 14View FIGURES 11–21), in lateral view, broadened dorsally on apical portion, narrowing gradually towards acute apex; dorsal sculptured area extending along distal 2/3 of blade, very narrow basally, formed mostly by rod-shaped elements; ventral sculptured area restricted to apical portion, formed by sparse scale-like processes; ventral interlocking device located on basal 1/3 of blade; in ventral view, basal portion of valvula I with slight outer lobe. Valvula II ( Figs 15, 16View FIGURES 11–21), in lateral view, slightly expanded beyond basal curvature, distinctly narrowed towards apex; without preapical prominence; apical portion triangular; apex narrowly rounded; dorsal margin with about 30 teeth; most teeth subtriangular or obtuse dorsally, short, with anterior and posterior portions oblique; ventroapical margin serrate; blade surface with irregular granulate sculpturing, rod-shaped apically. Gonoplac ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 11–21), in lateral view, abruptly expanded at median portion and then gradually narrowed posteriorly; apex obtuse; surface with numerous tiny denticuli apically and extending anteriorly along ventral margin, with few setae (about two or three) located apically.

Intraspecific variation. Paratypes may show the following features: crown slightly orange with irregular dark areas and absence of pair of brown spots on basal 1/2 ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 11–21); eyes silver; pronotum without anterior brown areas ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 11–21); mesonotum mostly brown or with anterior pair of light yellowish-brown spots, anteromedian area with large irregular brown macula; subgenital plate with less than four long macrosetae on median 1/3.

Type material. Brazil. Holotype: male, “Viçosa, MG [Minas Gerais State], Brasil \ Data 02/XII/1981 \ P. S. Fiuza F.” ( DZRJ)  . Paratypes: one female, same data as holotype except “ 20/I/1982 ” ( DZRJ); one male, “ Brasil, Paraná [State], Tibagi, \ P.E. do Guartelá, 1000m \ 24°33’47”S 50º15’26”W \ 23.II-06.III.2017 Malaise \ A.C. Domahovski, A. \ Martins & G. Melo legs.”; “DNA voucher: \ Entomologia, DZRJ \ ENT4757 ” ( DZUP); six males, “ Brasil, Paraná [State], Tibagi, \ Parque Estadual do Guartelá , \ 24°33’47”S 50º15’26”W, 1000m, \ 23.II-06.III.2017, Malaise, \ A.C. Domahovski, A. Martins & \ G. Melo legs.” ( DZUP); one male and one female, “ Brasil, Minas Gerais [State], Catas Altas,\ RPPNGoogleMaps  Santuário do Caraça,\ Campo de futebol, Trilha do Lobo \ Guará , 20º06’3.8”S, 43º29’10.1”W,\ 1240m, 17.iii.2015, Luz, AP, BMC,\ DMT, ALDF, CCG, FRF ” ( DZRJ); one male, “ Brasil, Minas Gerais [State], Catas Altas,\ RPPNGoogleMaps  Santuário do Caraça, trilha\ p/cascatinha rib. Caraça ,\ 20º06’23.5”S, 43º28’27.8”W,\ 1258m, 11-13.vi.2013, Malaise,\ MLGoogleMaps  Monné & JP  Botero ” ( MNRJ); one male and two females, “ Brasil, Maranhão [State], PARNA  \ Chapada das Mesas, Riacho \ Sucuruiu , 7º7’6”S, 47º18’32”W,\ 240 m, 10-20.v.2014, Malaise, J.A.\ Rafael, F. Limeira-de-Oliveira, TGoogleMaps  . L.\ Rocha & G.A. Reis ” ( CZMA)  .

Etymology. The specific epithet, adenomari  , is in honor of Prof. Dr. Adenomar Neves de Carvalho (Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Brazil), who has greatly contributed to our knowledge of the Portanini  .

Remarks. Portanus adenomari  sp. nov. is similar in color pattern and morphology of the male terminalia to the following species: P. acerus DeLong, 1976  , P. bifurcus Carvalho & Cavichioli, 2017  , P. hasemani (Baker, 1923)  , P. lex Kramer, 1964  , P. phoenicius Souza & Takiya, 2014  , P. pictus Carvalho & Cavichioli, 2001  , P. quadrinus DeLong, 1976  , P. uhleri Kramer, 1964  , P. xavantes Carvalho & Cavichioli, 2001  (treated as a junior synonym of P. uhleri  by Carvalho (2006) in his unpublished D.Sc. thesis), and P. zacki Freytag, 2017  . They all have the crown almost uniformly brown, pronotum with numerous small pale spots, and mesonotum with anterior pair of large brown spots; forewing veins are marked with brown and white, the costal area has at least one large white macula on median portion, and the apical cells are almost entirely brown. Regarding the male terminalia, the pygofer is short and bears a small posterodorsal process, except in P. bifurcus  , P. lex  , and P. zacki  ; the aedeagus is curved at base and bears variable apical processes. However, in the new species, the processes are very long and slender, with acute apex, and cross each other medially, being each one strongly curved posterodorsally, almost forming a complete ring ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1–10). Unfortunately, an updated key to all species currently included in Portanus  is not available.

MG

Museum of Zoology

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

CCG

Chengdu College of Geology

ML

Musee de Lectoure

JP

Phyletisches Museum Jena

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cicadellidae

Genus

Portanus