Solenoptera parandroides Lameere, 1885,

Devesa, Sergio, Fonseca, Elier & Barro, Alejandro, 2016, Solenoptera Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae, Solenopterini) in Cuba, with description of a new species, Zootaxa 4184 (1), pp. 104-116: 109-110

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Solenoptera parandroides Lameere, 1885


Solenoptera parandroides Lameere, 1885 

( Figs 18–23View FIGURES 18 – 22View FIGURE 23)

Solenoptera parandroides  ; Lameere 1885: 5

Derancistrus (Solenoptera) parandroides  ; Lameere 1909: 9

Derancistrus (Prosternodes) scutellatus  ; Zayas, 1957: 165 (not Gahan 1890) Derancistrus (Prosternodes) scutellatus  ; Zayas, 1975: 28 (not Gahan 1890)

Specimens examined: holotype male, Cuba ( IRSNB), ex –collection of T. Lacordaire (in a very bad state: the hind legs are missing and it has a glued abdomen)  ; 1 male, Cuba, Guantánamo, Cupeyal—Yateras (20° 26,95N, 75° 03,63W), June-1965, F. de Zayas leg., ( FZPC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 male, Cuba, Holguín, Piloto—Moa (20°26,00'N, 74°54,00'W), June-1954, F. de Zayas & P. Alayo leg., ( FZPC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 males, Cuba, Holguín, Cupeyal—Cuchillas de Toa (20º 35,00’’N, 75º 11,00’'W), June-1964, F. de Zayas leg., ( FZPC)  .

Description ( Figs 18–22View FIGURES 18 – 22): Male: Length 18.6–20.8 mm, humeral width 6.35–6.80 mm. Color: head, thorax, abdomen, antenna, and legs are dark brown to black, elytra reddish-brown. Without pubescence, both dorsal and ventrally, except in the apical part of the protibiae where a dense hairy patch is present, as is characteristic of males in many species of the tribe Solenopterini  . Head: with a central sulcus strongly depressed; strong and deeply punctured on the forehead, remainder of the head finely punctured; Antennae: short, not exceeding the basal third of the elytra; the scape does not exceed the posterior edge of the eye; antennomere III longer than IV. Scutellum: smooth, rounded and without pubescence. Pronotum: with the edges rounded, finely toothed and without spines; central area, from the head to the anterior edge of the elytra, shiny, smooth and lightly punctured; the sides strongly micropunctate (sexual punctures). Elytra: smooth and shiny, with punctures very fine, scarce and evenly distributed; apical edge serrated with a small sutural spine. Prosternal process: with apex very slightly notched, almost unnoticeable; almost smooth with isolated and fine punctures; Prosternum and proepisternum: totally covered with sexual punctures except at anterior edge and central band.

Female: Unknown.

Discussion: Lameere (1885) described this species from only the holotype and since then, four additional specimens have been found. Zayas (1957) pictured and briefly described a unique specimen, although he misidentified it as D. (P.) scutellatus  . The same identification error was repeated in Zayas (1975: 28), and this time he acknowledged having collected three other specimens, all males. Galileo & Martins (1993b: 446–447) examined the holotype of S. parandroides  but had no opportunity to study material from the Zayas collection. Devesa et al. (2015) studied most of the Cuban collections and found only four specimens in FZPC, which were photographed in full color for the first time.

Distribution: ( Fig. 23View FIGURE 23). Cuba. This is a rare species endemic to the Northeastern part of the country, in the Provinces of Holguín and Guantánamo. It inhabits mountain rainforests and gallery forests with dense vegetation.


Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique














Solenoptera parandroides Lameere, 1885

Devesa, Sergio, Fonseca, Elier & Barro, Alejandro 2016

Derancistrus (Prosternodes) scutellatus

Zayas 1975: 28
Zayas 1957: 165

Derancistrus (Solenoptera) parandroides

Lameere 1909: 9

Solenoptera parandroides

Lameere 1885: 5