Muscidae

Patitucci, Luciano Damián, Mulieri, Pablo Ricardo, Olea, Maria Sofia & Mariluis, Juan Carlos, 2013, Muscidae (Insecta: Diptera) of Argentina: revision of Buenos Aires province fauna, with a pictorial key to species, Zootaxa 3702 (4), pp. 301-347: 303-313

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3702.4.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:717368C3-6909-4DCF-A825-D138B80B10A2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5024BB7A-FF9F-6D36-FF7C-3D29D4E8FC7F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Muscidae
status

 

Key to species of Muscidae   from Buenos Aires Province, Argentina  

We recorded a total number of 27 genera and 43 species of Muscidae   ( Table 1). The key includes all the species listed for the Buenos Aires province. Species names in square brackets are included on the basis of morphological characters available in the literature only. The characters used are valid for both sexes, and they are arranged from the more conspicuous to the less.

1 Proboscis strongly sclerotized, not retractable, with labella reduced, not fleshy (haematophagous species)................ 2

- Proboscis weakly sclerotized, retractable, with labella well developed............................................ 3

2 Palpus about one-third as long as labrum; meron setulose................................... Stomoxys calcitrans   (L.)

- Palpus about two-third as long as labrum; meron bare...................................... Haematobia irritans   (L.)

3 Presutural dorsocentrals 2 ............................................................................... 4

- Presutural dorsocentral 1 .............................................................................. 24

4 Lower calypter narrow, rounded posteriorly (glossiform) ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 a)............................................... 5

- Lower calypter broad, subtruncate posteriorly and with its anteromedian corner extended below scutellum ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 b)...... 11

5 Anepimeron setulose................................................................................... 6

- Anepimeron bare..................................................................................... 16

6 Parafacial setulose; palpus strongly broadened from base to apex ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 a); male dichoptic.......... Lispe setuligera (Stein)  

- Parafacial bare ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 b)................................................................................ 7

7 Postpedicel orange at base, with its distal part brown; palpus slender ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 b); postsutural dorsocentrals 3; male holoptic....................................................................... Arthurella choelensis Patitucci & Mariluis  

- Postpedicel with one color; postsutural dorsocentrals 4 ........................................................ 8

8 Node of Rs bare on dorsal surface..................................... Neomuscina zosteris (Shannon & Del Ponte)  

- Node of Rs setulose on dorsal surface..................................................................... 9

9 Postpedicel yellow ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 3 ); prosternum setulose......................................... Polietina orbitalis (Stein)  

- Postpedicel dark brown to black ( Fig. 4–5 View FIGURES 4 – 5 ); prosternum bare.................................................. 10

10 Apical section of M strongly curved forward; general body coloration metallic blue ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 4 – 5 ); katepisternal setae 1 + 2 ......................................................................... Morellia (Trichomorellia) trichops (Malloch)  

- Apical section of M straight ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 4 – 5 ); katepisternal setae 2 + 2 .............................. Neurotrixa felsina (Walker)  

11 Antenna yellow to orange; postalar wall setulose............................................................ 12

- Antenna dark brown to black; postalar wall bare............................................................ 13

12 Fronto-orbital plate and parafacial yellow ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6 – 7 ).......................................... Philornis seguyi Garcia  

- Fronto-orbital plate and parafacial silver ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 6 – 7 )....................................... Philornis torquans (Nielsen)  

13 Katepisternal setae 0+ 2 ................................................................................ 14

- Katepisternal setae 1 + 2 ................................................................................ 15

14 Fronto-orbital plate, parafacial, and gena golden-yellow ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 8 – 9 )......................... Graphomya auriceps Malloch  

- Fronto-orbital plate, parafacial, and gena silver ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 8 – 9 )............................... Graphomya maculata (Scopoli)  

15 Arista bare.................................................................... Synthesimyia nudiseta (Wulp)  

- Arista plumose....................................................................... Musca domestica   (L.)

16 General body coloration metallic black, blue, green or violet.................................................. 17

- General body coloration not metallic..................................................................... 29

17 Apical section of M strongly curved forward; postpedicel brown with grey pollinosity; lower calypter with brown margin ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 )................................................................ Myospila obscura (Shannon & Del Ponte)  

- Apical section of M straight............................................................................ 18

18 General body coloration metallic black ( Figs. 11 View FIGURE 11 b, 12 b, 13 b, 14 b).............................................. 19

- General body coloration metallic blue, green or violet ( Figs. 15 View FIGURE 15 b, 16 b).......................................... 22

19 Palpus orange-yellow ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 b). Female: ocellar triangle long and wide with a rounded apex reaching the lunule ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 a). Male: hind trochanter on ventral surface with a tuft of fine setae........................ Ophyra aenescens (Wiedemann)  

- Palpus brown or black ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 b). Female: ocellar triangle shape not as above. Male: hind trochanter on ventral surface without a tuft of fine setae.................................................................................... 20

20 Lower calypter brown with dark brown margin ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 b). Female: ocellar triangle long and sharpened with a rounded apex reaching the lunule ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 a)...................................................... Ophyra albuquerquei Lopes  

- Lower calypter yellowish or white with yellow or white margins ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 13 – 14. 13 b). Female: ocellar triangle shape not as above... 21

21 Arista yellow at the basal half, and black distally ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 13 – 14. 13 b). Female: ocellar triangle short, with a triangular shape not reaching lunule ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 13 – 14. 13 a). Male: fore tarsi with tarsomeres yellow on ventral surface........... Ophyra chalcogaster (Wiedemann)  

- Arista brown ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 13 – 14. 13 b). Female: ocellar triangle shape not as above ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 13 – 14. 13 a). Male: fore tarsi with tarsomeres brown on ven- tral surface.................................................................. Ophyra capensis (Wiedemann)  

22 Thorax dark brown with grey pollinosity; abdomen metallic green................ Psilochaeta chlorogaster (Wiedemann)  

- Thorax metallic violet-blue with grey pollinosity; abdomen metallic violet-blue................................... 23

23 Distance between scapes similar to the diameter of the anterior (median) ocellus; notopleuron with setulae around the posterior seta. Females: parafacial in anterior view with well defined triangular area without pollinosity longer than pedicel ( Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 a)........................................................................ Psilochaeta chalybea (Wiedemann)  

- Distance between scapes shorter than the diameter of the anterior (median) ocellus; notopleuron with sparse setulae. Female: parafacial in anterior view with a narrower area without pollinosity shorter than pedicel ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 a)...................................................................................... Psilochaeta pampiana (Shannon & Del Ponte)  

24 Postsutural dorsocentrals 2 ............................................................................. 25

- Postsutural dorsocentrals 3 ............................................................................. 26

25 Mid and hind femora yellow with a dark band ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 17 – 18. 17 ).............................. Bithoracochaeta calopus (Bigot)  

- Mid and hind femora yellow without a dark band.......................... Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta (Wiedemann)  

26 Calypters of similar lenght.................................................. [ Schoenomyza argyriceps Malloch   ]

- Lower calypter longer than upper calypter................................................................. 27

27 Wings with clouds ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 17 – 18. 17 )............................................. Spathipheromyia guttipennis (Thomson)  

- Wings hyaline....................................................................................... 28

28 Fronto-orbital plate, parafacial, and gena grey ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19 – 20 ); legs yellow.................... Neodexiopsis geniculata (Bigot)  

- Fronto-orbital plate, parafacial, and gena yellow ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 19 – 20 ); legs grey.............. Neodexiopsis paulistensis Albuquerque  

29 Node of Rs bare on dorsal surface....................................................................... 30

- Node of Rs setulose on dorsal surface, in some species only few and small setae................................... 35

30 Arista plumose with longest microtrichium longer than diameter of arista........................................ 31

- Arista pubescent with longest microtrichium no longer than diameter of arista.................................... 33

31 Wings with clouds on dm-cu cross-vein ( Fig. 21 View FIGURES 21 – 23. 21 )...................... Dolichophaonia trigona (Shannon & Del Ponte)  

- Wings without clouds on dm-cu cross-vein ( Figs. 22–23 View FIGURES 21 – 23. 21 )..................................................... 32

32 Apical section of M curved forward ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 21 – 23. 21 ).......................................... Muscina stabulans (Fallén)  

- Apical section of M straight ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 21 – 23. 21 ).............................................. Helina nivaloides Albuquerque  

33 Palpus yellow with black tip...................................................... Gymnodia debilis (Williston)  

- Palpus totally black................................................................................... 34

34 Crossvein dm-cu strongly curved ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 24 – 25 ).............................................. Gymnodia delecta (Wulp)  

- Crossvein dm-cu more or less straight ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 24 – 25 ).................................. Gymnodia quadristigma (Thomson)  

35 Prosternum bare...................................................................................... 36

- Prosternum setulose................................................................................. 39

36 Postpedicel orange-yellow ( Fig. 26 View FIGURES 26 – 27 ).......................................... Myospila fluminensis Couri & Lopes  

- Postpedicel brown or black ( Figs. 27–29 View FIGURES 26 – 27 View FIGURES 28 – 29 ).................................................................. 37

37 Postsutural dorsocentrals 4; postpedicel dark brown ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 26 – 27 ).............................. Mydaea plaumanni Snyder  

- Postsutural dorsocentrals 3 ............................................................................. 38

38 Legs orange-yellow; postpedicel brown; wings without a cloud on dm-cu ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 28 – 29 )............ Mydaea sexpunctata (Wulp)  

- Legs yellow with a basal dark band on femurs; wings with a cloud on dm-cu ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 28 – 29 )............ Phaonia trispila (Bigot)   .

39 Gena strongly projected anteriorly in lateral view ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 30 – 31 )............................ Syllimnophora variceps Malloch  

- Gena not projected anteriorly in lateral view ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 30 – 31 )........................................................ 40

40 Parafacial golden-yellow ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 30 – 31 ).................................................. Limnophora aurifacies Stein  

- Parafacial silver-grey.................................................................................. 41

41 Postsutural dorsocentrals 4 ....................................................... Limnophora narona (Walker)  

- Postsutural dorsocentrals 3 ............................................................................. 42

42 Wing anteriorly infuscated ( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 )................................................. Limnophora marginata Stein  

- Wing hyaline............................................................... [ Limnophora brevihirta Malloch   ]

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Muscidae