Sparianthis humaita,

Rheims, Cristina A., 2020, Revision of the spider genus Sparianthis Simon, 1880 (Araneae, Sparassidae Sparianthinae), Zootaxa 4890 (2), pp. 151-191: 172-174

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4890.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5EF7FF4A-0857-415F-B30F-DA2910F5B6EB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333420

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4E338797-8735-FFE6-D8E9-79BCFC57F9C9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sparianthis humaita
status

sp. nov.

Sparianthis humaita  sp. nov.

Figs 71–85View FIGURES 71–74View FIGURES 75–79View FIGURES 80–85, 144View FIGURES 143–144

Type material. Holotype: ³ from Brazil, Acre, Rio Branco, Reserva Extrativista de Humaitá [currently Reserva Extrativista Chico Mendes, comunidade Humaitá] [-10.5000, -69.7833], 12 April 1996, Equipe IBSP / SMNK leg. ( IBSP 8803View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Paratype: 1♀ from Brazil, Acre, Rio Branco, Reserva Extrativista de Catuaba [-10.0667, -67.6167], 9 April 1996, Equipe IBSP / SMNKGoogleMaps  leg. ( IBSP 8675View Materials)  .

Etymology. The specific name refers to the collection locality of the holotype; noun in apposition.

Diagnosis. Males of S. humaita  sp. nov. are distinguished from all other species of the genus by the palp lacking mRTA and with embolus wider at base and abruptly narrowed medially ( Figs 81–82View FIGURES 80–85). Females resemble those of S. juruti  sp. nov. by the epigyne with anterior atrium grooved ( Figs 83View FIGURES 80–85, 106View FIGURES 102–108). They are distinguished from the latter species by the hexagonal shape of anterior atrium, vulva with internal ducts as wide as spermathecae and first turn mediad (anterior atrium rounded anteriorly, internal ducts half spermathecae width and first turn posteriad in S. juruti  sp. nov.) ( Figs 83–85View FIGURES 80–85).

Description. Male (holotype): Prosoma dark brown. Chelicerae as dark as prosoma. Legs as dark as prosoma, except coxae and anterior part of femora pale brown. Labium and edites dark brown. Sternum with wide dark brown margins. Opisthosoma yellowish gray; dorsally with brownish gray pattern of large irregular marks laterally and three median triangles followed by 2–3 chevrons down posterior half; ventrally with V-shaped lines of muscle sigilla extending down most of opisthosoma length and surrounded by white guanine crystals ( Figs 71–72View FIGURES 71–74). Total length: 9.1. Prosoma: 4.1 long, 3.4 wide. Opisthosoma: 4.7 long, 2.8 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.26, 0.21, 0.18, 0.18; interdistances: 0.25, 0.09, 0.45, 0.25, 0.13, 0.10. Legs: I: 13.0 (3.7, 1.8, 3.4, 3.2, 0.9); II: 12.8 (3.9, 1.8, 3.2, 3.0, 0.9); III: 9.8 (2.9, 1.5, 2.3, 2.3, 0.8); IV: - (3.3, 1.3, 2.7, rest of leg absent). Spination follows the generic pattern. Metatarsus III–IV with ventral distal preening combs. Palp: tibia with prolateral spines short; tegulum with retroproximal protrusion; TBE with apical projection curved with dorsal fin-like projection at tip; TBC wide, keel-like ( Figs 75–77View FIGURES 75–79, 80–82View FIGURES 80–85).

Description. Female (paratype): Coloration pattern lighter than in male. Opisthosoma dorsally with elongate irregular marks laterally, few small spots on cardiac mark area and four median triangles down posterior half; ventrally with few scattered marks laterally and V-shaped lines of muscle sigilla, extending down most of opisthosoma length into U-shaped darker area ( Figs 73–74View FIGURES 71–74). Total length 11.0. Prosoma: 4.5 long, 3.6 wide. Opisthosoma: 6.0 long, 3.4 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.30, 0.24, 0.17, 0.25; interdistances: 0.25, 0.15, 0.50, 0.35, 0.20, 0.10. Legs (1243): I: 12.6 (3.6, 2.0, 3.2, 3.0, 0.8); II: 12.2 (3.7, 2.0, 3.0, 2.7, 0.8); III: 10.2 (3.2, 1.7, 2.2, 2.3, 0.8); IV: 11.8 (3.5, 1.5, 2.6, 3.2, 1.0). Spination follows the generic pattern. Metatarsus III–IV with ventral distal preening combs. Epigyne: epigynal field rectangular, longer than wide; anterior atrium trapezoid, slightly wider than long; median septum narrowed anteriorly, widest medially, 1.5 times longer than wide, with posterior margin rounded, slightly indented ( Figs 78View FIGURES 75–79, 83View FIGURES 80–85). Vulva: glandular projection rounded, arising from duct at first turn; spermathecae oval ( Figs 79View FIGURES 75–79, 84–85View FIGURES 80–85).

Distribution. Known from Brazil, southeastern state of Acre ( Fig. 144View FIGURES 143–144).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

SMNK

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkunde Karlsruhe (State Museum of Natural History)