Hylomyrma peetersi Ulysséa, 2021

Ulysséa, Mônica Antunes, 2021, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical ant genus Hylomyrma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae), with the description of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 5055 (1), pp. 1-137 : 86-88

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Hylomyrma peetersi Ulysséa

new species

Hylomyrma peetersi Ulysséa new species

Figures 57 View FIGURE 57 , 80D View FIGURE 80 , 89 View FIGURE 89 (map)

Holotype: GUYANA: [Cuyuni-Mazaruni]: Mt. Ayanganna Falls Camp , 1134m, 59°57.563′W, 5°22.332′N, 11.x.2002, T.R. Schultz, J. LaPolla, C.J. Marshall, R. Williams, 1° forest, litter sample, JSL021011-01-LS06 (1W) (USNMENT00413223) [ USNM]. GoogleMaps Paratypes: same data as holotype except JSL021011-01-LS13 (1W) (USNMENT00413369) [ USNM] GoogleMaps ; JSL021011-01-LS09 (1W) (USNMENT00413299) [ MZCZ] GoogleMaps ; JSL021011-01-LS07 (1W) (USNMENT00413243) [ DZUP] GoogleMaps ; JSL021011-01-LS18 (1W) (USNMENT 00413433) [ MZSP 67407 View Materials ] GoogleMaps ; JSL021011-01-LS14 (1W) (USNMENT00413373 MZHY194) [ MZSP] GoogleMaps ; Mt. Ayanganna Base Camp , 732m, 59°55.486′W, 5°20.063′N, 9.x.2002, J.S. LaPolla, forest, litter sample, JSL021009-03-LS07 (1W) (USNMENT00441070) [ USNM] GoogleMaps ; Mt. Ayanganna Cloud Forest, 1300m, 59°57.969′W, 5°22.483′N, 13.x.2002, T.R. Schultz, J. LaPolla, C.J. Marshall, R. Williams, litter sample, JSL021013-01-LS10 (1W) (USNMENT00413807) [USNM] GoogleMaps ; JSL021013-01-LS18 (1W covered with gold, without postpetiole and gaster) (USNMENT 00413896) [ USNM]. GoogleMaps

Diagnosis. Regular and longitudinal striae on head dorsum diverge towards posterior margin, interspaces between striae smooth, striae crest punctuated; mesosoma covered with regular, longitudinal, parallel and thick striae; longitudinal striae on lateral of pronotum and mesepisternum continuing transversely on propodeum; dorsal margin of petiole continuous, strongly convex; subtriangular projection on mesoventral surface of petiole; node rounded with transverse striae on dorsum; subpostpetiolar process smooth, weak, convex; profemur posterior surface and protibia extensor surface mostly smooth, few striae on basal and apical regions; striation on tergum of first gastral segment restricted to base.

Description. WORKER (n=4) ( Fig. 57A–C View FIGURE 57 ): HL (0.88–0.94); HW (0.84–0.90); ML (0.57–0.60); SL (0.62–0.66); MOD (0.20–0.24); PNW (0.56–0.64); WL (1.14–1.24); PSL (0.16–0.19); PL (0.52–0.59); PW (0.20–0.22); PPL (0.32–0.34); PPW (0.30–0.31); GL (0.98–1.02); TL (4.41–4.71); CI (94.44–96.62); SI (73.33–76.47); OI (23.81– 26.66). Small-sized. Shiny integument. Brownish body, darker gaster, lighter appendices. Thin and branched setae ( Fig. 80D View FIGURE 80 ), long to midsized, suberect to subdecumbent; 2 short branches of unequal size from the main axis.

Head subquadrate; posterior margin straight. Mandible masticatory margin with 5 teeth. Anterior margin of clypeus straight medially, with a pair of small teeth laterally; median area of clypeus with 8–9 striae, longitudinal, regular to irregular, converging to a point on the anterior margin, interspaces distinguishable. Frontal triangle with 3 striae. Short scape, not reaching head posterior margin; apical antennomere of similar size or slightly shorter than previous 3 antennomeres together. Frontal carina straight. Eye drop-shaped, small-sized, larger diameter with 10 ommatidia. Regular and longitudinal striae on head dorsum, divergent towards posterior margin, striae with punctuated crests, interspaces smooth. Head laterodorsal sculpture converges to mandible insertion region; head lateral sculpture converges to eye margin; gena striate, 2–3 regular and semicircular striae circumscribe the torulus, not reaching eye margin. Interspaces between striae on head ventral surface distinguishable.

Mesosoma covered with regular and longitudinal striae, thicker than head striation, transverse on pronotum anterior region (DV), longitudinal in other regions (DV); longitudinal striae on lateral of pronotum and mesepisternum continuing transversely on propodeum. Promesonotal junction and metanotal groove indistinct. Transverse carina well-marked. Dorsal margin of mesosoma continuous, convex. Propodeal lobe bidentate, dorsal tooth longer and rounded tip; ventral tooth shorter and blunt; dorsal tooth length similar to propodeal spine length. Propodeal spine short, straight (LV), divergent (DV), sculptured on base. Procoxa striae of uniform thickness; irregular and transverse striae on C2 and C3. Profemur and protibia mostly smooth, few striae on basal and apical regions.

Dorsal margin of petiole continuous, strongly convex; subtriangular projection on mesoventral surface of petiole; ventral surface smooth; first third of dorsal surface smooth, transverse striae on posterodorsal surface continuing on lateral surface forming arches. Longitudinal striae on postpetiole; subpostpetiolar process smooth, weak, convex.

Tergum first gastral segment striation similar to postpetiole striae, short, restricted to base, striae length equivalent to 1 / 2 of postpetiole length; sternum smooth.

QUEEN Unknown.

MALE Unknown.

Etymology. The epithet peetersi is a Latin noun in the genitive case created by adding the singular Latin genitive case suffix -i to the last name of a male person. This species is named in honor of our friend and colleague Dr. Christian Paul Peeters (1956–2020), a Belgian born researcher that worked at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris, and who contributed enormously to Myrmecology in general and, specifically to the present work, in understanding the Hylomyrma intercastes. Peeters generously received the first author in his lab for some very profitable months in 2015.

Comments. The diagnostic characters of this species are sufficient to distinguish it from most of its congeners. Hylomyrma peetersi is, however, more similar to H. margaridae and H. villemantae . All three species display a strongly convex petiole, with indistinguishable petiolar peduncle and node, and the body mainly covered with regular and longitudinal striae. Hylomyrma peetersi and H. margaridae can be easily distinguished from H. villemantae (characteristic in parenthesis) by the striae on the head dorsum with punctuated crests (vs. with smooth crests), the mesosoma longitudinally striate (vs. with few elliptic and concentric striae), the shorter propodeal spine (vs. longer), the armed mesoventral surface of petiole (vs. unarmed), and the longitudinal striae on the dorsum of postpetiole and gaster (vs. smooth). Hylomyrma peetersi can be distinguished from H. margaridae in the striae on the laterals of mesosoma that are directed transversely to the propodeal dorsum (vs. directed to the propodeal spine), the mesoventral surface of petiole armed with a subtriangular projection (vs. a conspicuous spine), the petiolar dorsum entirely covered with transverse striae (vs. with both transverse and longitudinal striae), and the weak subpostpetiolar process (vs. prominent). All three species are allopatric; H. villemantae is recorded in Brazil (BA) ( Fig. 86 View FIGURE 86 ), whereas H. peetersi and H. margaridae occur in relatively close areas in northern South America (French Guiana, Guyana, and Venezuela) ( Fig. 89 View FIGURE 89 ).

Distribution. The specimens were collected in areas near the Guyana - Venezuela border ( Fig. 89 View FIGURE 89 ).

Natural history. This species inhabits the leaf-litter of forested areas at elevations between 732 and 1200 m.

Additional material examined (2 workers): VZLA[ VENEZUELA]: Bolívar: km114 El Dorado to Santa Elena , 12.viii.1986, 1000m, 6°01′N, 61°24′W, P.S. Ward [leg.], #8548-16, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforest (1W) [ MIZA]; same except 1200m (1W) [ MIZA] GoogleMaps .


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez