Dadagulella minareta

Rowson, Ben & Tattersfield, Peter, 2013, Revision of Dadagulella gen. nov., the “ Gulella radius group ” (Gastropoda: Streptaxidae) of the eastern Afrotropics, including six new species and three new subspecies, European Journal of Taxonomy 37, pp. 1-46: 18-19

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2013.37

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:ADF6394E-77B5-4309-87FE-4097FDE0A3FD

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3815751

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4511E41D-D835-FFD5-FDC1-FA70F745F80C

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Dadagulella minareta
status

sp. nov.

Dadagulella minareta  sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:6AF1

Figs 30View Figs 27-35, 50View Figs 43-50, 58View Figs 51-64, 84View Fig; Table 1

Etymology

From English ‘minaret’, the tower of a mosque; Latinized by the addition of the feminine ending ‘- a ’; used as a noun in apposition.

Type material examined

TANZANIA: holotype NMW.Z.2003.001.00010: 1 ad., Kimboza Forest Reserve (7.01°S, 37.78°E), Uluguru Mts, Morogoro District, lowland forest on limestone, approx. 300 m alt., leg. BR, PT, MBS & CFN, 5 Feb. 2003GoogleMaps  . Paratype NMW. Z.2003.001.00011: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratypes NMW. Z.2003.001.00012: 3 ads, data as holotype. Paratype NMW. Z.2003.001.00013: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratype MRAC. MT.803795: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratype NHMUK.20120260: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratype NMK: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratypes NMT: 2 ads, data as holotype. Paratype NMSA. L 863/ T 3062: 1 ad., data as holotype. Paratype RMNH.288088: 1 ad., data as holotype.

Other material examined

TANZANIA: NMW. Z.2003.001.00014: 1 juv., data as holotype. NMW. Z.2004.016.00008: 2 ads, Kanga Forest Reserve (6.01° S, 37.72° E), Nguru Mts, Mvomero District, lowland forest at approx. 450 m alt., leg. BR, PT & CFN, 26 Jun. 2004. NMW. Z.1995.016.00012: 4 ads, 1 juv. Pugu Forest (6.89° S, 39.09° E), S of Dar es Salaam (site I), leg. PT, 6 Mar. 1995. The juv. in the Pugu lot may not be conspecific.

Description

SHELL ( Figs 30View Figs 27-35, 50View Figs 43-50, 58View Figs 51-64). Medium-sized (3.40 - 4.00 mm high x 1.80 - 2.00 mm wide), of 6.0 - 7.0 whorls. Ovate-acuminate, spire acuminate to coeloconoid (spire angle 48 - 63°).Apex sharply pointed. Embryonic whorls with fine regular radial striae; smoothly granulate where worn. Later whorls with relatively coarse, usually sinuous ribs (10 - 13 per mm on penultimate whorl). Sutures deep. Umbilicus narrowly open. Peristome complete or incomplete parietally. Outer palatal surface of aperture with a furrow-like depression corresponding to the palatal tooth. Dentition 5-fold to 7-fold, consisting of: one V-shaped parietal tooth; one bifid, slab-like, deeply in-running palatal tooth, not usually forming a parieto-palatal sinus; and two columellar teeth. The upper of these is large and characteristically squarish, running in to form a columellar baffle which is connected to it; the lower columellar tooth is a small in-running denticle. Additional teeth include an extra parietal tooth and/or one or two shallow columellar denticles. Juvenile shell ( Fig. 50View Figs 43-50) with 3-fold to 4-fold dentition: one very short parietal lamella; two basal teeth (or one bifid tooth); and one columellar tooth. Earlier basal and columellar teeth are retained.

CEPHALOPODIUM. Pale yellow, with apricot tentacle retractors.

SALIVARY GLANDS. United, soft, not tumid, elongate, Y-shaped; each duct leaving at the apex of the lobe and evenly thick throughout.

RADULA. Not successfully prepared.

GENITALIA. Vas deferens thickened prior to insertion on penis but apparently without diverticulum. Penial sheath absent but with a thin sheath-like layer contiguous with wall of lower penis. Interior of penis with weak radial pilasters and small rhombic pads. Apical part of penis with a broad “scoop” with microscopically serrated tip, but without large hook. Elsewhere in penis a single longitudinal row of short, simple hooks mounted on rhombic pads.

Range and habitat

In forest at the type locality and in Pugu Hills Nature Reserve, both in the eastern Tanzanian lowlands, and in lowland forest on Mt. Kanga in the Nguru Mts.

Remarks

The dentition, most noticeably the squared-off shallow columellar tooth that runs in to connect with the baffle, readily distinguishes this species from D. ecclesiola  sp. nov. (which also occurs at Kimboza) and D. r. radius  comb. nov. (which also occurs at both Kimboza and Pugu). It also distinguishes it from D. cuspidata ( Verdcourt, 1962)  comb. nov., with which it shares the strong upper columellar tooth and fine regular radial striae on the embryonic whorls. It differs from D. cresswelli  sp. nov., with which it shares the furrow-like depression on the outer palatal surface, in dentition and in having stronger ribs.

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

C

University of Copenhagen

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

Z

Universität Zürich

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

NMK

National Museums of Kenya

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

CFN

Clifton College

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University