Stomolophus meleagris L. Agassiz, 1860

M. P. Oliveira 1,16, S P. Miranda 2, *,, Es W. Mianzan 10,, Ro E. Migotto 11,, Ne B. Nascimento 2,11, Eli Nogueira Júnior 12,, Er Quiñones 13,, Izio Scarabino 14,, Tín Schiariti 10,, Io N. Stampar 15,, Tronolone 2, , Quíria B. & Onio C. Marques 2,11, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 208

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

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Stomolophus meleagris L. Agassiz, 1860


Stomolophus meleagris L. Agassiz, 1860  

Synonyms in the area: Stomolophus fritillaria Haeckel, 1880   .

Remarks: North and South American specimens were considered as different species by some authors (e.g., Mayer 1910; Kramp 1961) in the past. Here we consider all records as a single species, until the completion of further detailed morphological/molecular studies on the taxa. Edible species, currently under commercial exploitation in the Gulf of Mexico (Rudloe 1996).  

Distribution in South America: medusa—Pacific Ocean, Ecuador (Guayaquil) to Peru, from 2°S to 11°S (Ranson 1945; Kramp 1968); Atlantic Ocean, Colombia to Argentina, from 10°N to 38°S (Haeckel 1880; Ranson 1945; Vannucci 1957a; Kramp 1961; Mianzan 1989a; Morandini et al. 2005a; Soares et al. 2009; Silveira & Morandini 2011).

Habitat: neritic species commonly found in estuaries and in coastal waters (Mayer 1910).