Phasmoconus Mörch, 1852,

Harzhauser, Mathias & Landau, Bernard, 2016, A revision of the Neogene Conidae and Conorbidae (Gastropoda) of the Paratethys Sea, Zootaxa 4210 (1), pp. 1-178: 115-120

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http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4210.1.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D39416B8-CF85-440B-84C2-D4380BECC4E3

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/373F87D7-FFED-FFF4-FF5F-AE02FE2240C6

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scientific name

Phasmoconus Mörch, 1852
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Genus Phasmoconus Mörch, 1852 

Type species (subsequent designation by Cotton, 1945): Conus radiatus Gmelin, 1791  . Recent, Indo-West Pacific.

Note. Tucker & Tenorio (2009) gave only a brief description of Phasmoconus  , stating that the shell was elongated and subcylindrical in shape with angulate shoulders. The protoconch is usually multispiral, but rarely paucispiral. The anal notch is shallow, and an anterior notch is either slight or absent. In addition, we notice that tuberculate early whorls are not rare in the genus. Puillandre et al. (2014a, b) accepted Phasmoconus  as a subgenus of Conus  and listed Fulgiconus da Motta, 1991  , Graphiconus da Motta, 1991  , Thoraconus da Motta, 1991  and Nimboconus Tucker & Tenorio, 2013  as subjective synonyms.

corđs, SCES = spiral corđs only on early spire whorls, FS = faint striae, US = unđulating suture, CW = concave spire whorls, T = tuberculate, BLW = beađs on last whorl;

subsutural flexure ( SSF): SSFD = đepth, SSFđ = relative đepth, PV = position of the vertex; MH = međium height, MW = međium wiđth, SA = spire angle, LWA = angle of

last whorl, LW = length wiđth ratio, RD = relative điameter, PMD = position of maximum điameter, RSH = relative height of spire).

. Genus Species SC SCES FS US CW T BLW SSFD SSFd PV Artemidiconus granularis  0 0 0 0 0 1 1 4.70 5.45 0.81 Conasprella berwerthi  0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2.28 4.73 0.41 Conasprella minutissima  1 1 0 0 0 1 1 2.22 4.07 0.44 Conilithes allioni  0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1.75 3.56 0.43 Conilithes antidiluvianus  0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1.52 2.36 0.44 Conilithes brezinae  0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1.45 2.95 0.53 Conilithes eichwaldi  0 0 1 0 0 1 0???

Conilithes exaltatus  0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1.68 3.04 0.53 Conilithes sceptophorus  0? 0 0 1 1 0???

Conus  s.l. vindobonensis  1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1.55 5.17 0.43 Conus  s.l. johannae  1 1 0 0 0 1 0 3.05 6.18 0.54 Conus  s.l. posticestriatus  1 1 0 0 0 1 0 3.55 4.95 0.71 Conus  s.l. sturi  1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2.04 4.98 0.36 Conus  s.l. mucronatolaevis  1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2.75 6.85 0.53 Conus  s. l.  olivaeformis 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2.73 6.25 0.55 Conus  s. l.  praelongus 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2.91 6.74 0.55 Conus  s.l. argillicola  1 1 0 0 0 1 0???

Kalloconus berghausi  0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3.24 5.48 0.47 Kalloconus hendricksi  0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2.76 5.59 0.50 Kalloconus cacellensis  0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4.02 13.75 0.41 Kalloconus tietzei  0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1.85 5.80 0.32 Kalloconus gallicus  0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1.96 5.03 0.50 Kalloconus hungaricus  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.94 5.67 0.42 Kalloconus letkesensis  1 1 1 1 0 0 0 2.01 4.53 0.33 ……continued on the next page. Genus Species SC SCES FS US CW T BLW SSFD SSFd PV ……continued on the next page

. Genus Species SC SCES FS US CW T BLW SSFD SSFd PV ……continued on the next page

. Genus Species MH MW SA LWA LW RD PMD RSH Artemidiconus granularis  13.60 7.20 68.00 41.00 1.90 0.74 0.90 0.29 Conasprella berwerthi  21.10 10.20 78.00 32.30 2.10 0.60 0.90 0.20 Conasprella minutissima  10.40 5.10 63.20 32.40 2.04 0.68 0.81 0.28 Conilithes allioni  23.90 12.70 100.10 33.70 1.89 0.66 0.90 0.21 Conilithes antidiluvianus  59.20 21.80 61.40 29.40 2.69 0.52 0.88 0.27 Conilithes brezinae  32.80 14.30 58.40 32.70 2.30 0.63 0.90 0.31 Conilithes eichwaldi  15.00 7.00 65.00 36.50???? Conilithes exaltatus  40.80 16.40 59.70 30.90 2.50 0.56 0.90 0.29 Conilithes sceptophorus  13.50 6.60 68.00 44.00 2.05 0.70 0.89 0.30 Conus  s.l. vindobonensis  51.9 27.20 98.30 35.10 1.91 0.63 0.89 0.17 Conus  s.l. johannae  74.25 38.75 94.00 32.50 1.92 0.64 0.90 0.19 Conus  s.l. posticestriatus  50.10 26.10 80.00 37.00 1.90 0.65 0.86 0.20 Conus  s.l. sturi  41.30 18.30 89.80 30.50 2.30 0.55 0.89 0.19 Conus  s.l. mucronatolaevis  50.90 26.80 98.80 36.00 1.89 0.64 0.85 0.18 Conus  s. l.  olivaeformis 22.30 11.20 87.70 36.60 2.00 0.60 0.87 0.16 Conus  s. l.  praelongus 33.70 14.90 71.50 33.80 2.30 0.58 0.87 0.23 Conus  s.l. argillicola  ???????? Kalloconus berghausi  35.00 24.30 128.00 40.10 1.40 0.75 0.87 0.08 Kalloconus hendricksi  22.60 14.40 128.30 39.90 1.60 0.70 0.90 0.09 Kalloconus cacellensis  70.30 43.60 130.00 30.00 1.61 0.69 0.93 0.10 Kalloconus tietzei  62.10 41.20 141.00 41.00 1.51 0.72 0.85 0.08 Kalloconus gallicus  50.10 31.90 123.00 37.00 1.57 0.73 0.90 0.12 Kalloconus hungaricus  62.00 44.20 141.60 43.30 1.41 0.76 0.89 0.07 Kalloconus letkesensis  33.80 22.30 138.50 41.50 1.52 0.73 0.87 0.10 Kalloconus moravicus  39.40 26.20 132.10 37.90 1.50 0.72 0.91 0.08 Kalloconus neumayri  28.80 18.50 128.10 37.90 1.60 0.71 0.91 0.09 ……continued on the next page. Genus Species MH MW SA LWA LW RD PMD RSH Kalloconus ponderoaustriacus  49.80 27.60 115.20 34.60 1.80 0.64 0.90 0.10 Kalloconus ponderovagus  48.60 31.40 106.10 38.20 1.55 0.76 0.89 0.14 Kalloconus pseudohungaricus  52.40 35.60 134.70 40.50 1.47 0.74 0.90 0.08 Kalloconus tschermaki  62.70 36.80 108.30 38.50 1.70 0.70 0.93 0.16 Kalloconus voeslauensis  50.20 31.20 118.80 38.90 1.60 0.71 0.87 0.12 Lautoconus andreei  ? 39.50?????? Lautoconus eschewegi  37.40 20.80 113.30 37.00 1.80 0.63 0.86 0.12 Lautoconus  ex. gr. bitorosus  55.30 31.90 130.00 37.00 1.73 0.65 0.81 0.11 Lautoconus kovacsi  18.60 11.40 102.00 42.30 1.64 0.74 0.80 0.17 Lautoconus magnolapugyensis  64.30 42.50 134.30 43.70 1.51 0.74 0.90 0.11 Lautoconus miovoeslauensis  51.20 30.40 121.90 38.70 1.69 0.68 0.86 0.12 Lautoconus pelagicus  57.60 28.20 83.30 33.30 2.09 0.58 0.88 0.17 Lautoconus pestensis  22.30 12.90 116.60 37.30 1.70 0.67 0.83 0.13 Lautoconus ponderosus  76.30 42.30 100.00 36.00 1.81 0.67 0.91 0.17 Lautoconus pseudoponderosus  ???????? Lautoconus quaggaoides  24.20 14.60 122.8 41.00 1.66 0.69 0.84 0.12 Lautoconus rotundus  38.15 22.75 127.00 37.00 1.68 0.67 0.90 0.11 Lautoconus steinabrunnensis  51.80 28.20 101.10 35.30 1.80 0.65 0.88 0.17 Lautoconus steindachneri  46.40 29.40 116.90 37.50 1.58 0.72 0.89 0.12 Lautoconus subraristriatus  54.30 28.10 92.60 34.60 1.90 0.63 0.84 0.18 Leporiconus paratethyianus  32.67 17.00 88.67 37.30 1.92 0.68 0.83 0.23 Leporiconus suessi  56.80 25.70 88.60 31.30 2.20 0.54 0.89 0.16 Leporiconus transsylvanicus  47.10 19.90 84.60 29.20 2.40 0.51 0.87 0.17 Monteiroconus antiquus  107.90 51.12 107.90 26.00 2.10 0.56 0.94 0.16 Monteiroconus boeckhi  73.50 45.50 142.30 38.80 1.60 0.70 0.95 0.11 Monteiroconus conicomaculatus  54.30 34.00 115.70 38.70 1.60 0.72 0.87 0.13 ……continued on the next page Within the Paratethyan cones, Conus fuscocingulatus Hörnes, 1851  and C. schroeckingeri Hoernes & Auinger, 1879  are characterised by very shallow and weakly curved subsutural flexures and are reminiscent of some Lautoconus  species, such L. eschewegi  . These species plot also within the Lautoconus  -field in the PCA based on shell ratios ( Fig. 28View FIGURE 28). Both species, however, differ from Lautoconus  s.s. in the presence of tuberculate early whorls. Thus, we base the placement of both species in the Indo-West Pacific genus Phasmoconus  on the similarities in shell outline, the morphology of the subsutural flexure and the tuberculate spire whorls. In addition, we place Conus ottiliae Hoernes & Auinger, 1879  in Phasmoconus  , based on the results of the PCA ( Fig. 28View FIGURE 28) (see discussion in P. ottiliae  ).

SSF

Sammlung des Senckenbrug-Museum

LWA

Agricultural Experiment Station