Conus,

Harzhauser, Mathias & Landau, Bernard, 2016, A revision of the Neogene Conidae and Conorbidae (Gastropoda) of the Paratethys Sea, Zootaxa 4210 (1), pp. 1-178: 145-146

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4210.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D39416B8-CF85-440B-84C2-D4380BECC4E3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/373F87D7-FF0F-FF1F-FF5F-AA8AFD4A4372

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Conus
status

s.l.

Conus  s.l. posticestriatus Kojumdgieva in Kojumdgieva & Strachimirov, 1960 

Figs 30 M, 34E1–E3, 34F1–F3

Conus (Chelyconus) Suessi Varietät  III—Hoernes & Auinger 1879: 44, pl. 6. figs 3–4.? Conus  an Suessi  R. Hoern. i Auinger—Friedberg 1911: 61, text-fig. 15.

? Conus (Lautoconus) posticestriatus Kojumdgieva—Bałuk 1997: 58  , pl. 23, figs 7–8.

non Conus (Chelyconus) suessi var. posticestriatus  n. var. —Kojumdgieva in Kojumdgieva & Strachimirov 1960: 212, pl. 50, fig. 3 [? = Conus  s.l. sturi ( Hoernes & Auinger, 1879)  ].

Type material. Holotype: NHMW 1999View Materials z0077/0024, Lăpugiu de Sus ( Romania), illustrated in Hoernes & Auinger (1879, pl. 6, fig. 3); middle Miocene, Badenian ( Langhian ). 

Studied material. Holotype and 1 spec. NHMW 1854View Materials /0035/0038, Lăpugiu de Sus ( Romania), illustrated in Hoernes & Auinger (1879, pl. 6, fig. 4). 

Illustrated material. Figs 34View FIGURE 34 E1–E3: Lăpugiu de Sus ( Romania): SL: 49.8 mm, MD: 27 mm, NHMW 1999z0077/0024, illustrated in Hoernes & Auinger (1879, pl. 6, fig. 3); 30M, Figs 34View FIGURE 34 F1–F3: holotype, Lăpugiu de Sus ( Romania): SL: 50.4 mm, MD: 25.2 mm, NHMW 1854/0035/0038, illustrated in Hoernes & Auinger (1879, pl. 6, fig. 4).

Revised description. Medium-sized, biconical, moderately robust shells; tall, mammillate spire, conical with impressed suture; early spire whorls flat, striate with broad tubercles along carina, which is placed at the lower suture on earliest whorls, migrating slightly adapically on later whorls, to be placed a short distance above lower suture, making later whorls weakly angular. Deeply incised, narrow, slightly pitted spiral grooves separate 6 regular, narrow spiral cords on sutural ramp; surface smooth below angulation. Last spire whorl with concave sutural ramp. Shoulder slightly angulated; last whorl weakly convex; subsutural flexure shallow, moderately curved, nearly symmetrical. Aperture moderately narrow, slightly widening anteriorly; very narrow anal notch. Siphonal fasciole and inner lip indistinct; siphonal canal short, feebly reflected; faint spiral threads on base. Colour pattern under UV light consisting of wide-spaced flammulae on shoulder and numerous spirals of close-spaced dashes on last whorl.

Shell measurements and ratios. Holotype: SL: 49.8 mm, MD: 27 mm, spire angle: 80°, last whorl angle: 37, LW: 1.8, RD: 0.66, PMD: 0.86, RSH: 0.18; spire angle: 95°, last whorl angle: 37°; second specimen: SL: 50.4 mm, MD: 25.2 mm, LW: 2.0, RD: 0.64, PMD: 0.85, RSH: 0.22.

Discussion. When introducing Conus suessi var. posticestriatus Kojumdgieva in Kojumdgieva & Strachimirov (1960)  designated the specimen illustrated by Hoernes & Auinger (1879, pl. 6, fig 3) as the holotype. As already pointed out by Bałuk (1997), the Bulgarian specimen identified by Kojumdgieva in Kojumdgieva & Strachimirov (1960) is not conspecific with the type from Lăpugiu de Sus. The illustrated Bulgarian specimen is fragmentary and seems to represent Conus  s.l. sturi ( Hoernes & Auinger, 1879)  . Bałuk (1997) applied posticestriatus  to shells from the Badenian of Poland, which correspond fairly well with Conus posticestriatus  in outline but are rather poorly preserved and thus, the identification remains doubtful. Moreover, the spiral threads on the last whorl are not seen in the Polish specimens. 

The stout biconical outline and especially the characteristic deeply incised narrow spiral grooves on the spire of Plagioconus  posticestriatus  separate it distinctly from Leporiconus suessi  . The mode of sculpture formation on the spire whorls differs fundamentally from the striae and cords of other Paratethyan species and characterises this species.

Paleoenvironment. The specimens contained sand with elphidiid foraminifers suggesting a shallow water environment.

Distribution in Paratethys. Badenian (middle Miocene):? Carpathian Foredeep: Korytnica ( Poland); Transylvanian Basin: Lăpugiu de Sus ( Romania).

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Neogastropoda

Family

Conidae

Loc

Conus

Harzhauser, Mathias & Landau, Bernard 2016
2016
Loc

Conus (Chelyconus) suessi var. posticestriatus

Kojumdgieva 1960: 212
1960
Loc

Conus (Chelyconus) Suessi Varietät

Auinger 1879: 44
1879