Conus argillicola ( Eichwald, 1830 ),

Harzhauser, Mathias & Landau, Bernard, 2016, A revision of the Neogene Conidae and Conorbidae (Gastropoda) of the Paratethys Sea, Zootaxa 4210 (1), pp. 1-178: 149

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4210.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D39416B8-CF85-440B-84C2-D4380BECC4E3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/373F87D7-FF0B-FF1A-FF5F-AA30FDB144C4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Conus argillicola ( Eichwald, 1830 )
status

 

Conus argillicola ( Eichwald, 1830) 

C. [onus] argillicola  m.— Eichwald 1830: 222.

Conus argillicola  — Eichwald 1852: plates captions, pl. 9, figs 2a –b. Con. argillicola  m.— Eichwald 1853: 206.

Type material. Syntypes described by Eichwald (1830) from Salisze about 50 km NE of Ternopil ( Ukraine) (see map in Dubois de Montpéreux 1831)  , syntype illustrated in Eichwald (1852, pl. 9, fig. 2). The specimens are most probably stored in the Zoological Museum of St. Petersburg ( Russia) but could not be detected; middle Miocene, Badenian (Langhian). 

Discussion. Eichwald (1830, 1852, 1853) described and figured a medium-sized species (SL: c. 38 mm, MD: c. 18 mm) with a conical spire of weakly convex whorls with a deep suture and prominent spiral cords. Its last whorl develops a rounded shoulder and an elongate, weakly ventricose last whorl with a long and reflected siphonal canal. In the description Eichwald (1853) mentioned nodulose tubercles on the early spire whorls, which are not visible on the illustration.

Although Hall (1966) synonymized this species with Conus vindobonensis Hoernes & Auinger, 1879  , the two taxa are not very similar. Especially the elongate last whorl and the long siphonal canal exclude conspecificity with Conus  s.l. vindobonensis  . Moreover, the spiral cords on the spire whorls of C. s.l. vindobonensis  are always much weaker. Bałuk (1997) treated Conus argillicola  as a subjective junior synonym of Conus pyrula Brocchi, 1814  . The Pliocene Lautoconus pyrula  , however, lacks spiral cords, is broader, and has rounded shoulders and very prominent and broad spiral cords on the base. The illustration of Eichwald (1852) does not correspond unambiguously to any other Paratethyan and Mediterranean species and the status of Conus argillicola  remains unclear without observation of type specimens or new material.

Distribution in Paratethys. Badenian (middle Miocene): Carpathian Foredeep: Salisze at Tarnów ( Ukraine), Korytnica ( Poland) ( Eichwald 1830).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Neogastropoda

Family

Conidae

Genus

Conus

Loc

Conus argillicola ( Eichwald, 1830 )

Harzhauser, Mathias & Landau, Bernard 2016
2016
Loc

Conus argillicola

Eichwald 1853: 206
1853